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Armenian presidential election, 2003

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Title: Armenian presidential election, 2003  
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Subject: History of Armenia, Vazgen Sargsyan, List of political families, Stepan Demirchyan, Vazgen Manukyan, Armenian parliament shooting, Artashes Geghamyan
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Armenian presidential election, 2003

Armenian presidential election, 2003
Armenia
1998 ←
March 5, 2003 (2003-03-05)
→ 2008

  140px
Nominee Robert Kocharyan Stepan Demirchyan
Party Independent
Popular vote 1,044,591 504,011
Percentage 67.45% 32.55%

President before election

Robert Kocharyan

Elected President

Robert Kocharyan

See also:

The 2003 Armenian Presidential election took place in Armenia on 19 February and 5 March 2003. No candidate received a majority in the first round of the election with the incumbent President Robert Kocharyan winning slightly under 50% of the vote. Therefore a second round was held and Kocharyan defeated Stepan Demirchyan with official results showed him winning just over 67% of the vote. However both the opposition and international observers said that the election had seen significant amounts of electoral fraud and the opposition did not recognise the results of the election.

Background

Robert Kocharyan had been elected president in the 1998 presidential election defeating Karen Demirchyan. The election had been held when Levon Ter-Petrossian was forced to resign as President after agreeing to a plan to resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which his ministers, including Kocharyan, had refused to accept.[1]

On the 7 August 2002 the Central Election Commission of Armenia announced that the presidential election would be held on the 19 February 2003,[2] with nominations required by 6 December 2002.[3] Candidates had to supply 40,000 signatures of support in order to be able to stand in the election.[4]

President Kocharyan had already announced that he would be running for re-election and the opposition parties attempted to agree on a united candidate to oppose him but were unsuccessful.[3] Former President Levon Ter-Petrossian also contemplated running in the election but ultimately decided not to stand.[1]

First round

15 people announced that they would stand in election, but in the end 9 candidates stood in the first round of the presidential election.[5] Reporting in the media was seen as being one-sided, with a media monitoring organisation saying that President Kocharyan received about five times as much coverage during the campaign as all the other eight candidates combined.[6] Kocharyan campaigned on the record of economic growth during his presidency and got support from several political parties, while his campaign was run by the defence minister Serzh Sargsyan.[7] Kocharyan's leading opponent was Stepan Demirchyan, the leader of the People's Party of Armenia and the son of Karen Demirchyan, a former Soviet leader of Armenia and speaker of the Armenian parliament who had been assassinated in 1999.[6][7] Demirchyan ran in the election as an anti-corruption candidate.[8] The other leading candidate was Artashes Geghamyan a former mayor of Yerevan, from the National Unity party.[7]

Opinion polls in the run up to the election showed President Kocharyan as likely to win the 50% required in order to avoid a second round.[9] Early results showed Kocharyan winning over half of the vote,[8] but the final results of the first round showed that he had just failed to meet that target and so was forced into a second round against Stepan Demirchyan.[10][11] This was first time any incumbent president in the Commonwealth of Independent States had failed to win in the first round of an election.[12]

See-through ballot boxes were used to try to minimise any fraud in the election.[9] However the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), which had sent 200 election monitors to observe the election, described the lead up to the election as having "fell short of international standards in several key respects".[6][8][11] Opposition observers at polling stations reported that ballot stuffing in favour of President Kocharyan had taken place and one member of the OSCE observers was reported as having described the election as "a disaster".[6]

Second round

Some opposition supporters called on Demirchyan to boycott the second round but despite taking part in protests over the conduct of the first round he did participate in the election.[12] Most of the opposition parties rallied behind Demirchyan in the election and a television debate took place between the two candidates.[13] Kocharyan called on voters in the second round to give him "a convincing victory that no-one can question".[14] The official results saw President Kocharyan winning just over two thirds of vote in the second round and thus he was re-elected.[15]

As in the first round the OSCE reported significant amounts of electoral fraud and numerous supporters of Demirchyan were arrested before the second round took place.[15] Demirchyan described the election as having been rigged and called on his supporters to rally against the results.[9] Tens of thousands of Armenians protested in the days after the election against the results and called on President Kocharyan to step down.[15] However Kocharyn was sworn in for a second term in early April and the constitutional court upheld the election, while recommending that a referendum be held within a year to confirm the election result.[16][17]

Results

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Robert Kocharyan Independent 710,674 49.48 1,044,591 67.45
Stepan Demirchyan People's Party of Armenia 399,757 28.22 504,011 32.55
Artashes Geghamyan National Unity 250,145 17.66
Aram Karapetyan Independent 41,795 2.95
Vazgen Manukyan National Democratic Union 12,904 0.91
Ruben Avagyan Unified Armenians Party 5,788 0.41
Aram Sargsyan Democratic Party of Armenia 3,034 0.21
Garnik Margaryan Motherland and Dignity 1,272 0.09
Aram Harutyunyan National Accord Party 854 0.06
Invalid/blank votes 37,276 14,469
Total 1,463,499 100 1,563,071 100
Registered voters/turnout 2,315,410 63.21 2,331,507 67.04
Source: IFES

Protests


See also

References

External links

  • (Armenian) 2003թ. նախագահական ընտրությունները Internews Armenia
  • (Armenian) Ապրիլի 12. 2004թ A1plus

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