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Elections in the Palestinian National Authority

 

Elections in the Palestinian National Authority

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Palestine
Officeholders whose status is disputed are shown in italics

Elections in the Palestinian National Authority refers to elections held in Palestinian Autonomous areas from 1994 until its transition into the State of Palestine in 2013. Elections were scheduled to be held in 2009 per the state's own laws,[1] but the Next Palestinian general election was disrupted amidst a conflict between Hamas and Fatah. President Mahmoud Abbas agreed to stay on until the next election,[2] but he is recognised only in the West Bank and not in Gaza. The Palestinian National Authority (PNA) has held several elections in the Palestinian territories, including elections for a president, legislature and local councils.

Until 2007, the National Council had 133 members, with 66 members elected in 16 multi-seat constituencies, 66 elected proportional to the vote for each party, and the president as ex officio member. In 2007, the voting system was changed by Presidential Decree to abolish the constituency seats, and also prohibiting parties from contesting the election which did not acknowledge the PLO's right to represent the Palestinian people (specifically Hamas).[3] An opinion poll suggested that a majority of Palestinians supported the change, while Hamas called it illegal.[4]

The PNA has a

  1. ^ [4]
  2. ^ Report: Abbas won't run for another term Ynetnews, 16 December 2008
  3. ^ http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90777/6253192.html
  4. ^ http://www.angus-reid.com/polls/view/28271/palestinians_support_electoral_reforms
  5. ^ Aude Signoles, Local Government in Palestine. University of Galatasaray, Turkey; October 2010
  6. ^ UN General Assembly, Resolution 58/292. Status of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem. 17 mei 2004 (doc.nr. A/RES/58/292).
  7. ^ ProCon.org, 1995 Oslo Interim Agreement. 28 September 1995. pdf at unhcr
  8. ^ CEIRPP, 4 oktober 2007, Report of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, pag. 11, par. 30 (doc.nr. A/62/35)
  9. ^ Addameer, Addameer Monthly Detention Report - 1 July 2012.
  10. ^ Addameer, Palestinian Legislative Council Members, juni 2012
  11. ^ Middle East Monitor (MEMO), Palestinian elected representatives are still detained by Israel, 14 september 2011
  12. ^ Addameer Monthly Detention Report - 1 November 2013.
  13. ^ a b c http://www.ifes.org/westbankgaza.html?page=past IFES West Bank/Gaza. Accessed June 30, 2009

References

  1. ^ From the Oslo II-accord:
    Article I:
    1. Israel shall transfer powers and responsibilities as specified in this Agreement ... Israel shall continue to exercise powers and responsibilities not so transferred.
    Article IX:
    5 a. In accordance with the DOP, the Council will not have powers and responsibilities in the sphere of foreign relations, which sphere includes the establishment abroad of embassies, consulates or other types of foreign missions and posts or permitting their establishment in the West Bank or the Gaza Strip, the appointment of or admission of diplomatic and consular staff, and the exercise of diplomatic functions.
    5 b. ... the PLO may conduct negotiations and sign agreements with states or international organizations for the benefit of the Council in the following cases only: 1. economic agreements ...; 2. agreements with donor countries for the purpose of implementing arrangements for the provision of assistance to the Council ; 3. agreements for the purpose of implementing the regional development plans ...; 4. cultural, scientific and educational agreements.

Notes

  • Palestinian Authority Election Tracker
  • Adam Carr's Election Archive
  • Pressure mounts on Hamas after win

None of these URL showed proper information. They report 404 errors

External links

See also

The International Foundation for Electoral Systems, which has actively assisted the Central Election Commission in 2004-2005 with the help of USAID.[13] They continue to support the election commission.[13]

External election assistance

See here for a useful set of maps.

See [3]

2012 local elections

Four year term of local councils in Palestinian Authority expired in January 2009. Council of Ministers called for local elections to be held on 17 July 2010, but after Fatah proved incapable of agreeing on list of candidates, the call for elections was canceled on 10 June 2010.

2010 local elections

Local elections in 2005 were held in four stages, but were never finalized. The last stage was held on December 23, 2005. On that day, elections were held in 26 municipalities that included over 140,000 eligible voters in Jericho and 25 villages in the West Bank. Over a quarter of Palestinian population was not included in these elections, including major towns such as Hebron. Conflict between Hamas and Fatah anfter legislative elections in 2006 placed local elections on hold.

2005 local elections

Local elections

Mahmoud Abbas gained 62.52%; his most important competing candidate Mustafa Barghouti won 19.48%.

2005 presidential elections

1996 presidential elections

Presidential elections

Six parties and 4 Independents won seats. Change and Reform/Hamas gained 44.45% (74 seats); Fatah gained 41.43% (45 seats).

2006 parliamentary elections

1996 parliamentary elections

Parliamentary elections

Following the Fatah–Hamas conflict that started in 2006, Hamas formed a government ruling the Gaza Strip without elections. Second Hamas government was announced by Gazan Prime Minister Haniyye on September 2012, without elections as well.

In the Gaza Strip

Israel does not allow free exercise of political activities; checkpoints and separation walls hinder many social activities. The parliament cannot properly function because free travel is impossible, especially between Gaza and the West Bank, regardless of hostilities between Fatah and Hamas. Members of the Palestinian Legislative Council and other politicians have been subject to lengthy detentions by Israel or even killed, particularly those of Hamas. In October 2007, 2 ex-ministers and 45 PLC members were in Israeli detention.[8] In July 2012, there were 4,706 Palestinian prisoners in Israeli prisons. Of these, 22 are PLC members, of which 18 are in administrative detention.[9][10][11] The November 2013 figures of Addameer give about 5,000 prisoners imprisoned by Israel, of which 14 are members of the Palestinian Legislative Council (10 PLC members in administrative detention).[12]

Elections in the Palestinian Authority are held to exercise the Palestinian right to self-determination in connection with their right to establish their own state, but are held under military occupation.[6] They are held in the framework of the Oslo Accords, meaning that the power of the PNA was (and is) limited to matters such as culture, education, ID-cards, and the distribution of land and water as per the Oslo Interim Agreement.[upper-alpha 1][7]

Importance of the elections

Contents

  • Importance of the elections 1
  • In the Gaza Strip 2
  • Parliamentary elections 3
    • 1996 parliamentary elections 3.1
    • 2006 parliamentary elections 3.2
  • Presidential elections 4
    • 1996 presidential elections 4.1
    • 2005 presidential elections 4.2
  • Local elections 5
    • 2005 local elections 5.1
    • 2010 local elections 5.2
    • 2012 local elections 5.3
  • External election assistance 6
  • See also 7
  • External links 8
  • Notes 9
  • References 10

The January 2005 presidential election, won by Mahmoud Abbas, preceded the Hamas victory during the legislative election in January 2006.

[5]

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