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Mambaí

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Mambaí

Mambaí
Municipality
The Municipality of Mambaí
Location of Mambaí in Goiás
Location of Mambaí in Goiás
Coordinates:
Country  Brazil
Region Central-West
State Goiás
Founded November 14, 1958
Government
 • Mayor Glenice Alves Teixeira (PL)
Area
 • Total 859.555 km2 (331.876 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 6,891
 • Density 6.4/km2 (17/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.647 – medium[2]

Mambaí is a city in eastern Goiás state, Brazil. It is the easternmost city in that state.

Geography

Mambaí is one of the most isolated cities in the state of Goiás. It lies in the Vão do Paranã statistical micro-region less than 20 kilometers from the border with the state of Bahia. It is 61 kilometers to the main interstate highway, the BR-020, which links Brasília to Salvador. It is 250 kilometers to Brasília. The distance to the state capital of Goiânia is 512 kilometers. Municipal boundaries are with Posse, Buritinópolis, Damianópolis, and the state of Bahia. Highway connections from Goiânia are made by taking BR-153 / Anápolis / Alexânia / BR-060 / Planaltina / Formosa / BR-020 / Simolândia / GO-236.[3]

Demographics

The population decreased 8.37.% from 1991 to 1996 and continued the decline from 1996 to 2000 with -4.02.%. In 1980 the population was 5,125 so in twenty-five years the increase has been negligible.

Economy

The economy was mainly based on agriculture, with extensive cattle raising occupying most of the territory. Most inhabitants were employed in small retail units, government jobs, and modest industrial transformation units. There were no banking institutions reporting in August 2007.

The cattle herd was small compared to other municipalities in the state. In 2006 there were 7,900 head. The number of milk cows—480—was one of the smallest in the state. The main agricultural products in planted area were corn, sugarcane, beans, manioc, and rice.[4]

  • Motor vehicles: 328 (automobiles and pickup trucks)
  • Number of inhabitants per motor vehicle: 20

Agricultural data 2006

  • Farms: 392
  • Total area: 27,399 ha.
  • Area of permanent crops: 62 ha.
  • Area of perennial crops: 1,047 ha.
  • Area of natural pasture: 15,174 ha.
  • Area of woodland and forests: 97,327 ha.
  • Persons dependent on farming: 1,200
  • Cattle herd: 7,900
  • Main crop: rice and corn with 320 hectares each

Health and education

In 2006 there were 6 schools and 01 hospital with 18 beds.

  • The infant mortality rate was 34.8 in 1,000 live births in 2000.
  • The adult literacy rate was 75% in 2000, the lowest in the state.

In 2000 Mambaí was ranked 234 out of 242 municipalities in the state of Goiás on the United Nations Human Development Index with a score of 0.647. Nationally it was ranked 3,816 out of 5,507 municipalities.[5]

Gypsy Community

There is a small gypsy community living in the area, which was the study of a linguist, Fábio José Dantas Melo, from the University of Brasília. Professor Melo carried out a study on the dialect spoken by these Gypsies.[6]

History

The settlement began in the 19th century when settlers from the state of Bahia came looking for rubber produced by the mangabeira tree. The village that appeared took the name Riachão. After the building of a chapel and the passing of muleteers heading to Bahia the settlement began to grow. Soon the name was changed to Mambaí and it became a district of the municipality of Posse. The origin of the name is unknown. In 1958 it was dismembered from Posse and became an autonomous municipality.

See also

References

  1. ^ 2008 IBGE statistics
  2. ^ [1] - UNDP
  3. ^ Sepin Distancia Rodoviaria a Goiânia
  4. ^ Sepin
  5. ^ Frigoletto.com
  6. ^ Universia
  • Frigoletto
  • Transporte
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