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Refael Shapiro

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Title: Refael Shapiro  
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Subject: Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin, Yosef Dov Soloveitchik (Beis Halevi), Israel Davidson, Boruch Ber Leibowitz, Chaim Soloveitchik
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Refael Shapiro

Rabbi Refael Shapiro

Rabbi Refael Shapiro (1837–1921) was the famed Rosh Yeshiva of the Volozhin yeshiva and a son-in-law of Rabbi Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin (the Netziv). After the Volozhin yeshiva was closed down in 1892 by order of the Russian government, he reopened it, albeit on a smaller scale in 1899. He was the father-in-law of Rabbi Chaim Soloveitchik of Brisk and is known as the Toras Refael after his primary work.

Rabbi Shapiro ordained Rabbi Isser Yehuda Unterman (who would eventually become one of Israel's chief rabbis) who studied in the Kollel of the Volozhin yeshiva before opening his own yeshiva in the neighboring town of vishnyeva(vishnevo,Belarus). Additionally, Rabbi Shapiro gave Semicha (rabbinical ordination) to Rabbi Moshe Shatzkes, known as the Łomża Rov, and Rabbi Meir Joshua Rosenberg.

Rabbi Shapiro died on the 23rd of the Jewish month of Adar in 1921.

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