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List of designations under the Protection of Wrecks Act

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List of designations under the Protection of Wrecks Act

This is a list of all sites designated under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973. The designated sites are shown on charts and notified to mariners.[1] English Heritage provides administration of the arrangements under the Act in England and publishes information on each site.[2] In May 2011, it launched an online searchable database of all protected wreck sites in English territorial waters 'The National Heritage List for England',[3] which includes the location co-ordinates, designation list entry description and brief historical details for each site.[4] The administration of designated historic wrecks in Scotland is managed by Historic Scotland, and in Wales by Cadw.

Contents

  • List of designations under section 1 of the Protection of Wrecks Act (1973) 1
  • List of designations under section 2 of the Protection of Wrecks Act (1973) 2
  • Notes and references 3
    • Notes on Section 1 designations 3.1
    • Notes on Responsible Authorities 3.2
    • Notes on identification of wrecksites and dating 3.3
    • Notes on Section 2 designations 3.4
    • References 3.5
  • External links 4

List of designations under section 1 of the Protection of Wrecks Act (1973)

Number Name Designated A Location Year wrecked Authority B
First Current
1 Cattewater Wreck 1973 [A1] 1973 Plymouth 1530 E.H. [B1]
2 Mary Rose 1974 [A2] 1974 Portsmouth 1545 E.H. [B1]
3 Grace Dieu 1974 [A3] 1974 River Hamble 1436 E.H. [B1]
4 VOC Amsterdam 1974 [A4] 1974 Hastings 1749 E.H. [B1]
5 Royal Yacht Mary 1974 [A5] 1974 The Skerries, Anglesey 1675 Cadw [B2]
6 HMS Assurance/HMS Pomone 1974 [A6] 1998 [A6] The Needles 1753[C1],1811 E.H. [B1]
7 HMS Dartmouth 1974 [A7] 1992 [A7] Sound of Mull 1690 H.S. [B3]
8 HMS Anne 1974 [A8] 1992 [A8] Rye Bay 1690 E.H. [B1]
9 Tearing Ledge Wreck 1975 [A9] 1975 Scillies 1707? [C2] E.H. [B1]
10 HMS Colossus 1975 [A10] revoked 1984 [A10] Scillies 1798 E.H. [B1]
11 Rill Cove Wreck 1976 [A11] 1976 The Lizard 1616? [C3] E.H. [B1]
12 Rhinns of Islay Wreck 1976 [A12] revoked 1984 [A12] Islay 18th/19th century H.S. [B3]
13 South Edinburgh Channel 1977 [A13] 1977 Thames Estuary late 18th century E.H. [B1]
14 Church Rocks Wreck 1977 [A14] 1977 Teignmouth 18th century E.H. [B1]
15 Pwll Fanog Wreck 1978 [A15] 1979 [A15] Menai Strait Medieval Cadw [B2]
16 Moor Sands 1978 [A16] 1978 Salcombe Middle Bronze Age E.H. [B1]
17 Coronation (No 1) 1978 [A17] 1978 Penlee Point, Rame 1691 [C4] E.H. [B1]
18 Langdon Bay Wreck 1978 [A18] 1978 Dover Middle Bronze Age E.H. [B1]
19 Kennemerland 1978 [A19] revoked 1984 [A12] Out Skerries 1664 H.S. [B3]
20 Tal-Y-Bont Wreck 1979 [A20] 1989 [A20] Cardigan Bay 1677 Cadw [B2]
21 HMS Stirling Castle 1980 [A21] 2004 [A21] Goodwin Sands 1703 E.H. [B1]
22 HMS Invincible 1980 [A22] 1980 East Solent 1758 E.H. [B1]
23 Bartholomew Ledges Wreck 1980 [A23] 2006 [A23] Scillies 1597? [C5] E.H. [B1]
24 HMS Restoration 1981 [A24] 2004 [A24] Goodwin Sands 1703 E.H. [B1]
25 HMS Northumberland 1981 [A25] 2004 [A25] Goodwin Sands 1703 E.H. [B1]
26 St Anthony 1982 [A26] 2006 [A26] Mount's Bay 1527 E.H. [B1]
27 Schiedam 1982 [A27] 1982 Gunwalloe Cove 1684 E.H. [B1]
28 Brighton Marina Wreck 1983 [A28] 1983 Brighton 16th century E.H. [B1]
29 Yarmouth Roads Wreck 1984 [A29] 1985 [A29] Yarmouth, Isle of Wight 1567? E.H. [B1]
30 Studland Bay Wreck 1984 [A30] 1998 [A30] Poole C 1520 E.H. [B1]
31 Admiral Gardner 1985 [A31] 2004 [A31] Goodwin Sands 1809 E.H. [B1]
32 Hazardous 1986 [A32] 1988 [A32] Bracklesham Bay 1706 E.H. [B1]
33 Coronation (No2) 1989 [A33] 1989 Penlee Point, Mousehole 1691 [C4] E.H. [B1]
34 Iona II 1990 [A34] 2006 [A34] Lundy 1864 E.H. [B1]
35 Gull Rock Wreck 1990 [A35] 1990 Lundy 15th/16th century E.H. [B1]
36 Wrangles Palais 1990 [A36] 1991 [A36] Out Skerries 1687 H.S. [B3]
37 Erme Estuary Wreck 1991 [A37] 1991 Bigbury Bay 16th to 18th century E.H. [B1]
38 Smalls Reef Wreck 1991 [A38] 1995 [A38] Smalls Reef C 1100 Cadw [B2]
39 Duart Point Wreck 1992 [A39] 1992 Sound of Mull 1653 H.S. [B3]
40 Girona 1993 [A40] 1993 Lacada Point 1588 N.I. E.H.S. [B4]
41 Royal Anne Galley 1993 [A41] 2006 [A41] The Lizard 1721 E.H. [B1]
42 Erme Ingot Site 1993 [A42] 1993 Bigbury Bay Unknown, bronze age or later E.H. [B1]
43 Dunwich Bank Wreck 1994 [A43] 2004 [A43] Southwold 16th century E.H. [B1]
44 Resurgam 1996 [A44] 1996 Rhyl 1880 Cadw [B2]
45 Hanover 1997 [A45] 1997 Hanover Cove 1763 E.H. [B1]
46 Seaton Carew Wreck 1997 [A46] 1997 Seaton Carew 19th century E.H. [B1]
47 Salcombe Cannon Wreck 1997 [A47] 1997 West Prawle c 1640 E.H. [B1]
48 HM Submarine A1 1998 [A48] 2004 [A48] Bracklesham Bay 1911 E.H. [B1]
49 Burntisland Wreck 1999 [A49] 1999 Firth of Forth 1633 H.S. [B3]
50 Loe Bar Wreck 1999 [A50] 1999 Mount's Bay 17th century E.H. [B1]
51 Mingary Castle Wreck 2000 [A51] 2000 Sound of Mull 17th century H.S. [B3]
52 Kinlochbervie Wreck 2001 [A52] 2001 Kinlochbervie Early 17th century H.S. [B3]
53 HMS Colossus (Stern Section) 2001 [A53] 2001 Scillies 1798 E.H. [B1]
54 HMS Campania 2001 [A54] 2001 Firth of Forth November 1918 H.S. [B3]
55 The Diamond? [C6] 2002 [A55] 2002 Cardigan Bay 19th century Cadw [B2]
56 USS Bonhomme Richard? 2002 [A56] 2002 Filey Bay 1779 E.H. [B1]
57 Swash Channel Wreck 2004 [A57] 2004 Poole Early 17th century E.H. [B1]
58 Holland V 2005 [A58] 2005 Sussex Coast 1912 E.H. [B1]
59 West Bay Wreck 2005 [A59] 2005 West Bay 17th/18th century E.H. [B1]
60 HMS Resolution? 2006 [A60] 2006 Norman's Bay 1703 E.H. [B1]
61 Rooswijk 2007 [A61] 2007 Goodwin Sands 1739 E.H. [B1]
62 Wheel Wreck 2007 [A62] 2007 Scillies 19th century E.H. [B1]
63 HMS London 2007 [A63] 2008 Thames Estuary 1665 E.H. [B1]

List of designations under section 2 of the Protection of Wrecks Act (1973)

Section 2 of the Act designates wrecks categorised as dangerous.

Number Name Designated D Location Year wrecked Authority B
First Current
1 SS Richard Montgomery 1973 [D1] 1973 Thames Estuary 1944 MCA [B5]
2 MV Braer 1993 [D2] revoked 1994 [D2] Shetland Islands 1993 MCA [B5]
3 SS Castilian 1997 [D3] 1997 Anglesey 1943 MCA [B5]

Notes and references

Notes on Section 1 designations

A References are to the designation order and explanatory note. All statutory instruments since 1987 are available on-line from the Office of Public Sector Information. A concatenation of designation orders including those made between 1973 and 1987 is available on the UNESCO law database site[5]
[A1] Cattewater: first wrecksite to be designated on 5 September 1973
[A2] Mary Rose: designated 5 February 1974
[A3] Grace Dieu: designated 5 February 1974
[A4] Amsterdam: designated 5 February 1974
[A5] Royal Yacht Mary: designated 5 February 1974
[A6] HMS Assurance and HMS Pomone, Needles Wrecksite: first designated 11 April 1974, revised 8 July 1997:-
amended 29 July 1998:-
Statutory Instrument 1998 No. 1650 The Protection of Wrecks (Designation No. 1) Order 1998 (Coming into force 29 July 1998)
[A7] HMS Dartmouth: first designated 11 April 1974, the original designation was revoked after excavation and recovery of finds. The site was redesignated on 25 June 1992:-
[A8] HMS Anne: first designated 20 June 1974, redesignated 23 March 1992:-
Statutory Instrument 1992 No. 347 Statutory Instrument 1992 no. 347
[A9] Tearing Ledge: designated 13 March 1975
[A10] HMS Colossus: designated 12 May 1975, revoked 1984, after it was believed that all material had been recovered, but note that the stern was discovered later at a different position and has been separately designated (designated site number 53)
[A11] Rill Cove Wreck: designated 15 March 1976
[A12] Rhinns of Islay: designated 1 June 1976; revoked 1984, after determination that the site is the location of multiple wrecks, and there was no longer any wreck left worth protecting.
[A13] South Edinburgh Channel Wreck: designated 27 May 1977
[A14] Church Rocks Wreck: designated 12 August 1977
[A15] Pwll Fanog Wreck: first designated 14 February 1978, redesignated 19 January 1979
[A16] Moor Sands: designated 8 March 1978
[A17] Coronation (No 1): The offshore site was designated 31 March 1978
[A18] Langdon Bay: designated 26 May 1978
[A19] Kennermerland: designated 1 June 1978
[A20] Tal-Y-Bont wreck: first designated 12 January 1979, redesignated 28 September 1989:-
[A21] Stirling Castle: first designated 6 June 1980. Amended, along with other wrecks on the Goodwin Sands 5 October 2004:-
Explanatory note to order 2004 No. 2395
[A22] Invincible: designated 30 September 1980
[A23] Bartholomew Ledges: first designated 3 October 1980. Amended 2006:-
[A24] Restoration: first designated, along with other wrecks on the Goodwin Sands, 7 July 1981, amended 8 December 1989
amended 5 October 2004:-
Explanatory note to order 2004 No. 2395
[A25] Northumberland: first designated, along with other wrecks on the Goodwin Sands, 7 July 1981 (S.I. 1981/827), amended 8 December 1989
amended 5 October 2004:-
Explanatory note to order 2004 No. 2395
[A26] St Anthony: first designated 15 February 1982, amended 21 September 2006:-
[A27] Schiedam: designated 15 February 1982
[A28] Brighton Marina: designated 18 October 1983
[A29] Yarmouth Roads: first designated 11 April 1984, amended 1 January 1985
[A30] Studland Bay: first designated 27 November 1984, amended 14 December 1988:-
amended 10 August 1998
[A31] Admiral Gardner: first designated 3 June 1985, however the designation was challenged on the grounds that it lay outside the UK's 3 mile limit.[6]
Following the extension of the UK's territorial waters to 12 miles, the wrecksite was redesignated 3 January 1990
and amended 5 October 2004:-
Explanatory note to order 2004 No. 2395
[A32]22 September Hazardous: first designated 1986 amended 18 March 1988:-
[A33] Coronation (no. 2): designated 3 January 1989:-
[A34]: Iona II: first designated 3 January 1990:-
amended 7 June 2006:-
Explanatory note to order 2006 No. 1468
The first attempt at amendment in 2006, Statutory Instrument 2006 No. 1340 was incorrect and revoked
[A35] Gull Rock: designated 14 March 1990:-
[A36] Wrangles Palais: first designated 18 August 1990:-
amended 10 January 1991:-
[A37] Erme Estuary: designated 3 May 1991:-
[A38] Smalls Reef: first designated 5 December 1991:-
amended 9 October 1995:-
[A39] Duart Point: designated 15 May 1992
[A40] Girona: designated 22 April 1993
[A41] Royal Anne Galley: first designated 11 November 1993
amended 7 June 2006
The first attempt at amendment in 2006, Statutory Instrument 2006 No. 1342 was incorrect and revoked
[A42] Erme Ingot: designated 26 November 1993
[A43] Dunwich Bank: first designated 14 July 1994
amended 5 October 2004
[A44] Resurgam: designated 4 July 1996
[A45] Hanover: designated 19 July 1997
[A46] Seaton Carew: designated 8 August 1997
[A47] Salcombe Cannon: designated 24 October 1997
[A48] HMS A1: first designated 26 November 1998
amended 5 October 2004
[A49] Burntisland: designated 22 February 1999
[A50] Loe Bar: designated 14 June 1999
[A51] Mingary Castle: designated 19 August 2000
[A52] Kinlochbervie: designated 29 June 2001
[A53] Colossus (Stern): designated 4 July 2001
[A54] HMS Campania: designated 1 December 2001
[A55] The Diamond: designated 2 April 2002, the first such designation under devolved powers by the National Assembly of Wales
[A56] Bonhomme Richard: designated 18 July 2002
[A57] Swash Channel: designated 10 December 2004
[A58] Holland V: designated 4 January 2005
[A59] West Bay: designated 19 July 2005
[A60] Resolution: designated 14 June 2006
[A61] Rooswijk: designated 18 January 2007
[A62] Wheel Wreck: designated 5 April 2007
[A63] HMS London: designated 24 October 2008

Notes on Responsible Authorities

B Management of Protected wrecksites designated under section 1 of the Act is devolved to the National Curators of the devolved nations of the United Kingdom. Management of wrecks designated under section 2 is the responsibility of the Maritime and Coastguard Agency
[B1] See also English Heritage
[B2] See also Cadw
[B3] See Historic Scotland
[B4] See Environment and Heritage Service (of Northern Ireland)
[B5] See also Maritime and Coastguard Agency

Notes on identification of wrecksites and dating

[C1] HMS Assurance: the Advisory Committee on Historic Wreck[7] originally identified the sinking as 1738, however investigation by a former licensee[8] into historic records dated the loss as 1753, and this is shown as the date of sinking in the site summary of the wrecksite in Appendix A(ii) of the latest report,[9] although Appendix A(iii), The list of current designated sites, still shows the date as 1738.
[C2] Tearing Ledge The wreck is believed to be the Romney, one of four ships lost on 22 October 1707[6]
[C3] Rill Cove Wreck: the identity of the wreck has not been determined. The tentative date of 1616 is based on the dates of artefacts recovered.[6]
[C4] Coronation: the wreck of the Coronation is thought to be split into two sites - the Kennemerland also split into two sites when wrecked. The identity of the offshore site (site 17) was confirmed by finding a plate inscribed with the family crest of the Captain. The identity of the inshore site (site 33) is more controversial. Royal Naval Guns found on the inshore site are consistent with a first or second rate ship of the line of the correct period and there is no other record of a ship of her size foundering in the area.[9]
[C5] Barthomolew Ledges: it is possible that the wreck is that of the Spanish vessel, San Bartholome which was wrecked in 1597, although this vessel is not recorded as being lost in the Isles of Scilly.[6] The wreck is late 16th century and was carrying lead ingots of a Spanish type. Six recovered coins date between 1474 and 1555, hence dating the wreck after 1555.[9]
[C6] The Diamond: the wreck is of an early type of composite hull and was initially thought to be the Diamond. The current licencee has identified several anomalies in this identification, including that the wreck appears to be longer than the Diamond; there are discrepancies between samples of materials recovered from the wreck and those listed as being used in the construction of the Diamond, and artefacts patented after the date of sinking have been recovered.[9]

Notes on Section 2 designations

D References are to the designation order and explanatory note, where available (since 1987) on-line from the Office of Public Sector Information
[D1] Richard Montgomery: designated 31 October 1973, because of the presence of a large amount of munitions
[D2] MV Braer (oil tanker): designated 8 February 1993 because of the presence of a significant amount of oil.
revoked 7 October 1994
[D3] Castilian: designated 13 August 1997

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c d
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b c d

External links

  • National Heritage List for England: English Heritage
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