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List of vehicle speed records

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List of vehicle speed records

The following is a list of speed records for various categories of vehicles. In any category, as with many world records, there may be some dispute over the criteria for a record-setting event, the authority of the organization certifying the record, the identity of the record holder, and the actual speed achieved.

Land vehicles

Category Speed
[km/h (mph)]
Vehicle Operator Date Certifying entity References
Land speed record 1,228 (763) ThrustSSC Andy Green 15 Oct 1997 FIA [1]
Wheel-driven 775.106 (481.629) Vesco Turbinator Don Vesco 18 Oct 2001 FIA [2]
Motorcycle 605.697 (376.363) Ack Attack Rocky Robinson 25 Sep 2010 FIM [3]
Diesel-powered 563.995 (350.450) JCB DieselMax Andy Green 23 Aug 2006 FIA [2]
Electric-powered 495.140 (307.666) Buckeye Bullet 2.5 Roger Schroer 24 Aug 2010 FIA [2]


Steam-powered 225.06 (139.85) Inspiration Charles Burnett III 25 Aug 2009 FIA [4]
Wind-powered 203.09 (126.19) Ecotricity Greenbird Richard Jenkins 26 Mar 2009 NALSA [5][6]
Human-powered bicycle 133.78 (83.13) VeloX3 Sebastiaan Bowier 14 Sep 2013 IHPVA [7]
Paced bicycle 268.831 (167.044) custom made Fred Rompelberg 15 Oct 1995 [8]
Solar-powered 88.8 (55.2) Sunswift IV "IVy" Barton Mawer 7 Jan 2011 Guinness World Records [9]
Radio-controlled car 325.12 (202.02) RC Bullet Nic Case 25 Oct 2014 Guinness World Records [10][11]
Tracked vehicle 82.23 (51.10) FV101 Scorpion reconnaissance vehicle 26 Mar 2002 Guinness World Records [12]
On ice 331.61 (206.05) Audi RS6 Janne Laitinen 6 Mar 2011 FIA
Lunar rover 17.0 (10.6) Apollo 17 Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV-003) Eugene Cernan 31 Jul 1972 NASA

Rail vehicles

Lt. Col. John P. Stapp rides the rocket sled at Edwards Air Force Base
Category Speed
[km/h (mph)]
Vehicle Operator Date Certifying entity References
Rocket sled (unmanned) 10,326 (6,416) Super Roadrunner 29 Apr 2003
Rocket sled (manned) 1,017 (632) Sonic Wind No. 1 John Stapp 10 Dec 1954
Maglev train 603 (375) SCMaglev L0 Series Shinkansen 21 Apr 2015 Guinness World Records [13]
Wheeled train 574.8 (357.2) TGV POS V150 3 Apr 2007 [14]
Steam train 202.6 (125.9) LNER Class A4 4468 Mallard Joseph Duddington and Thomas Bray 3 July 1938 [15][16]

Aircraft

Category Speed
[km/h (mph)]
Mach number Vehicle Pilot Date Certifying entity References
Unmanned aerial vehicle 21,245 (13,201) ~20 HTV-2 (unmanned) 22 April 2010 (unofficial) [17]
Manned rocket-powered aircraft 7,258 (4,510) 5.925 North American X-15 William J. Knight 3 Oct 1967 Guinness World Records [18][19]
Manned air-breathing craft 3,530 (2,190) 2.88 Lockheed SR-71A Blackbird
#61-7958
Eldon W. Joersz 28 Jul 1976 FAI [20]
Propeller-driven aircraft 870 (540) 0.71 Tupolev Tu-114 Ivan Soukhomline 1960 FAI [21][22]
Piston-engined propeller-driven aircraft 850.1 (528.2) 0.694 Grumman F8F Bearcat
Rare Bear
Lyle Shelton 21 Aug 1989 NAA
Electric aircraft 250 (160) 0.20 Alpi Pioneer 300 SkySpark Robin Shrestha 12 June 2009 [23][24]
Helicopter 401.0 (249.2) 0.327 Westland Lynx 800 G-LYNX John Egginton 11 Aug 1986 FAI
Glider (sailplane) 306.8 (190.6) 0.250 Schempp-Hirth Nimbus-4DM Klaus Ohlmann and Matias Garcia Mazzaro 22 Dec 2006 FAI
Human-powered aircraft 44.32 (27.54) 0.036 Musculair 2 Holger Rochelt 2 Oct 1985 FAI [25]

Notes

1.^ Unofficial helicopter speed records by the Sikorsky X2 (460 km/h on 15 September 2010) and the Eurocopter X3 (472 km/h on 7 June 2013) would surpass this record if accepted.

Watercraft

A model of the Spirit of Australia, which set the water speed record in 1978
Category Speed
[knots (km/h; mph)]
Vehicle Operator Date Certifying entity References
Water speed record 275.98 (511.11; 317.59) Spirit of Australia Ken Warby 8 Oct 1978 Guinness World Records [26]
Propeller-driven water speed record 229.92 (425.81; 264.59) Problem Child Dale Ishimaru 21 Apr 2006
Wind-powered watercraft 65.45 (121.21; 75.32) Vestas Sailrocket Paul Larsen 24 Nov 2012 WSSRC
Human-powered watercraft 18.5 (34.3; 21.3) Decavitator Mark Drela 27 Oct 1991 [27]
Human-powered submarine 8.035 (14.881; 9.247) Omer 5 Sebastien Brisebois and Joel Brunet 28 Jun 2007 International Submarine Races [28]
Ground effect vehicle (GEV) 350 (650; 400) Korabl Maket (Naval Prototype) "Caspian Sea Monster" ca. 1966–1980 (unofficial) [29]
Underwater speed record There is no official speed record for underwater craft, due to the secretive nature of military vessels. In 1968, a Russian November class submarine reportedly tracked an American carrier group traveling at 31 knots (57 km/h or 36 mph). Unmanned torpedo speed claims range from 70 to 200 knots (80 mph to 230 mph). [30]

Notes

2.^ A ground effect vehicle (a.k.a. "Wing-In-Ground effect vehicle") is classified as a maritime ship by the International Maritime Organization.[31]

Spacecraft

Apollo 10 command module Charlie Brown, the fastest manned vehicle relative to the Earth

In order to unambiguously express the speed of a spacecraft, a frame of reference must be specified. Typically, this frame will be fixed to the celestial body with the largest gravitational influence on the spacecraft, often the Earth or the Sun.

Speed records relative to the Earth

Category Speed
[km/h (mph)]
Vehicle Crew Date Certifying entity References
Earth-escaping spacecraft 58,536 (36,373) New Horizons probe (unmanned) 19 Jan 2006 NASA
Earth-reentering spacecraft 46,440 (28,860) Stardust probe (unmanned) 15 Jan 2006 NASA
Manned spacecraft 39,896 (24,790) Apollo 10 CSM Charlie Brown Thomas Stafford,
John W. Young,
and Eugene Cernan
26 May 1969 NASA

Speed records relative to the Sun

Category Speed
[km/h (mph)]
Vehicle Crew Date Certifying entity References
Speed relative to the Sun 252,792 (157,078) Helios 2 probe (unmanned) 17 Apr 1976 NASA [32]

See also

References

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  6. ^ http://www.nalsa.org/
  7. ^
  8. ^ using a dragster with a large shield as pacer and pedaling after being "towed" to 100 mph; other speed records at bicycle
  9. ^ , Retrieved 10 January 2011Solar-powered car smashes speed record
  10. ^ http://www.rccaraction.com/blog/2014/10/29/world-record-nic-case-breaks-the-200mph-barrier/
  11. ^ http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/fastest-battery-powered-remote-controlled-model-car-%28rc%29
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  28. ^
  29. ^ National Research Council; Reducing the Logistics Burden for the Army After Next Committee to Perform a Technology Assessment Focused on Logistics Support Requirements for Future Army Combat Systems; Page 68 (1999)
    "This large aircraft has flown at 650 km/h (350 knots) ..."
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
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