World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Koroshi dialect

Article Id: WHEBN0019147471
Reproduction Date:

Title: Koroshi dialect  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Balochi language, Fars Province
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Koroshi dialect

Koroshi
کوروشی
Native to Iran
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 180)[1]
Official status
Regulated by Academy of Persian Language and Literature
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ktl
Glottolog koro1296[2]

The Koroshi dialect (Balochi: کوروشی), is a Northwestern Iranian language.[3][4] The speakers of Koroshi live in scattered pockets in Southern Iranian Fars province. The number of speakers was roughly estimated to be 1000 in 2006.[5] According to Ethnologue the language has 180 speaker within 40 to 50 families.[6]

Phonology

The transcription used here is only an approximation:

Vowels

  • short: â, a, e, i, o, u
  • long: â:, ā, ē, ī, ō, ū

Consonants

  • fricative: ð, like in, 'sað' (hundred).
  • voiced velar fricative: γ, like in 'maγz' (copula).
  • alveolar trill: like in 'arra' (saw, the hand tool).
  • palatal: 'g' and 'k', like in 'heykal' (body) and 'merzeng' (eyelash).

Grammar

Verbs

  • Infinitive markers: -ag ('g' is palatal here).

Nouns

  • The suffixes "-yok" and "-â" make nouns definite. Examples:

golâbi (pear) → golâbi-yok (the pear)
bâmard (man) → bâmard-â (the man)

  • The indefinite marker is "i". Example:

čok (child) → čokk-i (a child)

  • The plural is marked by the suffixes "-gal" and "obâr" . Examples:

mardin (man) → mardin-gal (men)
sib (apple) → sib-obâr (apples)

  • Adjectives are placed before nouns. Examples:

siyâhayn angur (black grape)
qašanguveyn pirâhâm (beautiful shirt)

Vocabulary

English Koroshi Balochi Persian (Unipers)
beautiful qašang sharr, soherâ zibâ, xoščehre
blood hun hun xun
bread nagan nagan, nân nân
bring ârag ârag âvardan
brother berâd barādar, brāt barâdar
come akkag áhag, âmadan âmadan
cry girrag griwag geristan
dark târik tahár târik
daughter jānek mind, jānek doxtar
day roč roshe, roč ruz
do kanag kanag kardan
door dar gelo, dar,dawazag dar
die merag mireg mordan
donkey kar har xar
egg heyx heyk toxme morq
earth dogâr zemin, dagâr zamin
eye čām čham, čam čašm
father bovâ(y) pyt, abbâ pedar, bâbâ
fear tors tors tars
fiancé numzâð nāmzād,deshtaar nâmzad
fine xoš, xâš hosh xoš
finger pinja lenkwk, mordâneg angošt
fire âs âč, âs âtaš, âzar
fish mâhin mâhig mâhi
food / eat xorâk/ varag warag, vereg qazâ, xorâk / xordan
four čâr č(y)ār čahâr
go ravag jwzzegh, ravag raftan
god xoðâ hwdâ xodâ
good xūb jawáin, šarr xub
great čoqqor mastar bozorg, gonde, gat
hand das dast dast
English Koroshi Balochi Persian (Unipers)
head sar, kalla sar sar, kalle
heart del dil, hatyr, zerd del, qalb
horse asp asp asb, astar
house log log, gis xâne
language (Also Tongue) zebân zevân, zobân zabân
laugh kannag khendeg, hendeg,kandag xandidan
man mardin, bâmard merdin mard
moon máh mâh
mother doyi mât, mâs mâdar, mâmân
mouth daf dap, daf dahân
name num num nâm
night šaf shaw, šap šab
open vâz kanag pač kanag vâkardan, bâz kardan
peace sōl ârâm âshti, ârâmeš, ârâmi, solh
place hend, jâ
read vânag wánag xândan
say gašag gushag goftan, gap zadan
scratch karânag kičaenag xârândan
sister gâhâr, daða gwhâr xâhar
small kassân, kam lekem, kassân kucak, kam, xord
son bač pisar, phussag, bač pesar, pur, bacce
tall bolan bwrz boland, bârez, derâz
three sa se se
water âf âf, âp âb, ow
weave gâfag gwapag bâftan
when kad ked key
wind gâd gwáth bâd
woman jan jan zan
yesterday zi diruz, di

Example sentences

English Koroshi Balochi Persian
What is this? i či-yen? ای چی اِن این چیست؟
Where is Ali? ali ko-yen? علی کواِن، علی کجا اِن علی کجاست؟
This horse is white. i asp esbiyeð-en. ای اسپیتیں اسپ اِن .این اسب سفید است
They say he works ten hours a day. maya šey-ant rōč-i dah sâat kâr makan-a. آ گشنت روچی دہ سائت کار کنت .میگویند روزی ده ساعت کار میکند
I have two small brothers and sisters. do tâ kâkâ(berâd) vo gâhâr-e kassân assen-om. ? .دو برادر و خواهر کوچک دارم
If you will go just once to their village, you won't forget the hospitality of its people. aga faqat ya dafâ ba âšâni dâhâ rafayado âšâni mehmândâriyâ hič vaxt yâdo anaraft. ? .اگر تنها یکبار به ده آنها رفته باشی، مهمان‌نوازی مردم آنجا را هرگز از یاد نخواهی برد
Who called me? kayad manâ ganki jad? کیا منا گوانک جت چه کسی مرا صدا زد؟

See also

References

  1. ^ Koroshi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Koroshi". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Payne, J.R. (1987). Bernard Comrie, ed. The World's Major Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 514.  
  4. ^ Ethnologue report for Southwestern Iranian languages
  5. ^ Salami, A., 1385 AP / 2006 AD. Ganjineye guyeššenâsiye Fârs (The treasury of the dialectology of Fars). Third Volume, The academy of Persian language and literature. [1] ISBN 964-7531-54-0 (in Persian)
  6. ^ Ethnologue Languages of the world, Koroshi
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.