World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Adoption in France

Article Id: WHEBN0020748981
Reproduction Date:

Title: Adoption in France  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Adoption law, Adoption, Adopt, French law, Access to Adoption Records Act
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Adoption in France

Adoption in France is codified in the French Civil Code in two distinct forms: simple adoption and plenary adoption.

Simple adoption

Simple adoption (French: adoption simple) is a type of adoption which allows some of the legal bonds between an adopted child and his or her birth family to remain. It is formalized under articles 343 and following of the French Civil Code.

Simple adoption is less restrictive in its requirements and less radical in effects than plenary adoption.

Requirements for adoption

  • A single person of 28 years or older can adopt another person.[1]
  • It is necessary for the adoptive parent to be at least 15 years older than the adoptee, unless the adoptee is the child of the adoptive parent's spouse. In this case, the parent must be 10 years older than the adoptee.
  • If the prospective adoptive parent is married, the consent of the spouse is needed. (Articles 361 and following of the Civil Code)

Consequences

  • Adoption grants to the adoptee rights and duties equivalent to those of a legitimate child. Thus, for example, the name of the adoptive parents is added to the adoptee's original name, or replaces it.
  • The adoptive parents gain exclusive parental authority over the child, though legal bonds of the adoptee with his or her family of origin are not broken. Thus, the adoptee preserves inheritance rights within his original family.
  • The simple adoptee (and his children and stepchildren) have the ability to inherit from both families.
  • The adoptee cannot inherit from the parents of the adoptive parents.
  • An exception is made if the adoptive parent has children resulting from a preceding marriage.
  • If the adoptee dies and leaves successors, rights of inheritance are determined by common law. If not, inheritance is divided, half going to the birth family and half to the adoptive family.
  • Adoption has no consequences for the nationality of the adoptee, who can be of foreign nationality (this is possible if there are agreements with France).
  • There is a maintenance obligation (obligation alimentaire) between the adoptee and adoptive parent. Between the adoptee and his birth parents, a similar obligation also exists, but it is only secondary: birth parents are bound by the obligation alimentaire only if the adoptee establishes that he or she could not obtain help from the adoptive parents.

Age of adoptee

  • There is no condition on the age of the adoptee. The assent of the adoptee is necessary for adoptees of 14 years and older, and, for minor adoptees the agreement of his parents is needed.
  • The future adoptee; no retractation after having given the agreement.
  • There are no particular restrictions for adoptees past the age of majority.

Plenary adoption

Plenary adoption (French: adoption plénière) is an alternate form of adoption which terminates the relationship between birth parent and child.[2] Thus, all rights and status which the child may have had from the birth family are revoked and replaced with the rights and status granted by the adopting family.

The term "plenary adoption" distinguishes it from the other form of adoption practised in France, simple adoption, which allows some of the legal bonds between an adopted child and his or her birth family to remain.

References

  1. ^ http://www.adoptionpolicy.org/pdf/eu-france.pdf
  2. ^ "Adoption Glossary: Plenary adoption". Archived from the original on 16 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 

External links

  • http://www.notaires.fr/notaires/notaires.nsf/V_TC_PUB/FRANCE-ADOPTION (in French)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.