World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ahmed Shawqi

Article Id: WHEBN0001859879
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ahmed Shawqi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ahmed Shawki, List of Arabic-language writers, Cambyses (disambiguation), List of translators, Tawfiq al-Hakim
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ahmed Shawqi

Ahmed Shawqi
أحمد شوقي
Portrait of Ahmed Shawqi.
Born (1868-10-16)October 16, 1868
Cairo, Khedivate of Egypt
Died October 14, 1932(1932-10-14) (aged 63)
Cairo, Kingdom of Egypt
Occupation Playwright, poet
Period 19th–20th century

Ahmed Shawqi (1868–1932) (Arabic: أحمد شوقي‎, Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: ), also written as Ahmed Chawki, nicknamed Amīr al-Shu‘arā’ (The Prince of Poets, Arabic: أمير الشعراء‎), was one of the greatest Arabic poets laureate,[1] an Egyptian poet and dramatist who pioneered the modern Egyptian literary movement, most notably introducing the genre of poetic epics to the Arabic literary tradition. On the paternal side he was of Circassian, Greek[2] and Kurdish descent,[3] and on the maternal side of Turkish and Greek descent.[4]

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Legacy 2
    • Plays 2.1
    • Poetry 2.2
    • Prose 2.3
  • Legacy in Egypt 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Life

Raised in a privileged setting with Turkish, Kurdish, Circassian, Greek, and Arab roots,[5] his family was prominent and well-connected with the court of the Khedive of Egypt. Upon graduating from high school, he attended law school, obtaining a degree in translation. Shawqi was then offered a job in the court of the Khedive Abbas II,who was the khedive of Egypt, which he immediately accepted.

After a year working in the court of the Khedive, Shawqi was sent to continue his studies in Law at the Universities of Montpellier and Paris for three years. While in France, he was heavily influenced by the works of French playwrights, most notably Molière and Racine. He returned to Egypt in 1894, and remained a prominent member of Arab literary culture until the British forced him into exile in southern Spain, Andalusia, in 1914. Shawqi remained there until 1920, when he returned to Egypt. In 1927 he was crowned by his peers Amir al-Sho’araa’ (literally, "the Prince of Poets") in recognition of his considerable contributions to the literary field.

He used to live in ‘Karmet Ibn Hani’ or Ibn Hani’s Vineyard at Al-Matariyyah area near the palace of the Khedive Abbas II at Saray El-Qobba until he was exiled. After returning to Egypt he built a new house at Giza which he named the new Karmet Ibn Hani.[6] He met Mohammed Abdel Wahab, and introduced him for the first time to art, making him his protégé as he gave him a suite in his house. The house later on became Ahmed Shawki Museum and Mohammed Abdel Wahab became one of the most famous Egyptian composers.

Legacy

Monument of Shawqi in Gamal El-Sagini

Shawqi’s work can be categorized into three main periods during his career. The first coincides with the period during which he occupied a position at the court of the Khedive, consisting of eulogies to the Khedive: praising him or supporting his policy. The second comprised the period of his exile in Spain. During this period, his feeling of nostalgia and sense of alienation directed his poetic talent to patriotic poems on Egypt as well as the Arab world and panarabism. The third stage occurred after his return from exile, during that period he became preoccupied with the glorious history of Ancient Egypt and Islam. This was the period during which he wrote his religious poems, in praise of the Prophet Muhammad. The maturation of his poetic style was also reflected in his plays, the most notable of which were published during this period.

Plays

Ahmed Shawki

Shawqi was the first in modern Arabic literature to write poetic plays. He wrote five tragedies:

  • Majnun Laila (literally "The Mad about Layla"), his first play.
  • The Death of Cleopatra
  • 'Antara
  • Ali bek el-Kabeer
  • Qambeez (Cambyses II), 1931

and two comedies:

  • Es-Set Huda (Madam Huda)
  • El-Bakhila (the Miser)

in addition to a prose play: the Princess of Andalusia.

Poetry

  • Esh-Shawqiyyat, his selected works, in four volumes, including Nahj al-Burda, a tribute to the Prophet Muhammad
  • The States of Arabs and the Great Men of Islam, A long poem about the History of Islam.
  • Poetic Stories for Children, inspired by the famous French fabulist Jean de La Fontaine.

Prose

He also wrote chapters of prose, collected under the title: The Markets of Gold.

Legacy in Egypt

  • His home was turned into Ahmed Shawki Museum
  • The street of his home in Giza was named after him.
  • Many statues were erected to honor him inside & outside Egypt.
  • Shawqi is celebrated in several parts of the world and in Egypt there is a monthly lecture series about his poetry at the Sawy Culture wheel.
  • A postage stamp was issued in the 1990s in Egypt to honor his memory.
  • Google made a doodle for him on selected Arabic-speaking countries on October 16, 2010 in honor of his memory[7]
  • Many books were written about his life.[8]

Notes

  1. ^ Egypt. "Poet Laurate". Tripadvisor.com. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  2. ^ "via Al-Ahram News Paper". Ahram.org.eg. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  3. ^ Goldschmidt, Arthur (2000). Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 194.  
  4. ^ Brugman, J. (1984). An introduction to the history of modern Arabic literature in Egypt. BRILL. pp. 35–36.  
  5. ^ Shahid, Irfan (2010), "Ahmad Shawqi (1868-1932)", in Allen, Roger M. A.; Lowry, Joseph Edmund; Stewart, Devin J. (eds.), Essays in Arabic Literary Biography: 1850-1950, p. 305,  
  6. ^ My Father Shawky by Hussin Ahmed Shawky 2nd edition (in arabic) General authority of culture palaces 2006 Cairo
  7. ^ "Google & Ahmed Shawki". Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  8. ^ "Biblotica Alexandrina List of Books about Ahmed Shawki (in Arabic)" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-12-20. 

References

  • Glimpses of Ahmed Shawqi’s Life and Works, Egypt Magazine, Issue No. 19-Fall 1999.

External links

  • Ahmed Shawqi Museum in Cairo. (Arabic)
  • Monument to Shawqi in Villa Borghese, Rome.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.