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Batang Gadis National Park

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Title: Batang Gadis National Park  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of national parks of Indonesia, Natal, North Sumatra
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Batang Gadis National Park

Batang Gadis National Park
Sorikmarapi vulcano, the highest point in the national park.
Batang Gadis NP
Location in Sumatra
Location North Sumatra Province, Indonesia
Nearest city Panyabungan

0°43′N 99°30′E / 0.717°N 99.500°E / 0.717; 99.500Coordinates: 0°43′N 99°30′E / 0.717°N 99.500°E / 0.717; 99.500

Area 1,080 km²
Established 2004
Governing body Ministry of Forestry

Batang Gadis is a national park covering 1,080 km2 in 13 district of Mandailing Natal Regency, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia with elevation 300-2,145 metres. Signs of the endangered Sumatran tiger and the threatened Asiatic golden cat, Leopard cat and Clouded leopard were seen in the park. The protection of Batang Gadis as a national park is part of a plan to create the Northern Sumatra biodiversity conservation corridor, which would be connected, via a series of protected areas and forests, to Gunung Leuser National Park in the north of the island.[1]

Fauna and Flora

There are 47 kinds of mammals, 247 of birds, 240 of vascular plants and 1,500 of microorganism in the park. The fauna we can found are Phantera tigris sumatrae, Tapirus indicus, Hystrix brachyura (Landak), Catopuma temminckii (Golden cat), Celis bengalensis, Muntiacus muntjak, Naemorhedus sumatrae, Tragulus javanicus (Kancil), Arctictis binturong, Helarctos malayanus (Sun Bear), Cervus unicolor, Ichtyopis glutinosa (Frog without leg), Megophyris nasuta (Frog with 3 horns), etc. There were 13 endemic kinds of birds such as Lophura mornata and Pitta schneiderii. By sampling of 200 meter square area, researchers found 242 vascular plants or about 1 percent of all flora in Indonesia.[2]


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