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Battle of the Kodori Valley

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Title: Battle of the Kodori Valley  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Battle off the coast of Abkhazia, Occupation of Poti, Occupation of Gori, Kamani massacre, 2008 in Russia
Collection: 2008 in Abkhazia, 2008 in Georgia (Country), Battles Involving Georgia (Country), Russo-Georgian War
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Battle of the Kodori Valley

2008 Kodori crisis
Part of the Georgian-Abkhazian conflict

Map of Abkhazia showing the location of the Kodori Valley
Date August 9–12, 2008
Location Georgia
Result Joint Abkhaz-Russian Victory
Belligerents
Abkhazia
Russia
Georgia
Commanders and leaders
Sergei Bagapsh
Mirab Kishmaria
Anatoly Zaitsev
Vladimir Shamanov
Mikheil Saakashvili
Davit Kezerashvili
Strength
1,000 soldiers[1] 2,500 regulars[2]
Casualties and losses
1 killed[3] 2 killed[4]

The Battle of Kodori Valley was a military operation during the Georgian control. On 9 August 2008 the Abkhaz military launched an operation to remove the remaining Georgian troops from the disputed gorge. After three days, Georgian military left the valley.

Contents

  • Abkhaz and Russian army mobilization 1
  • Ultimatum to Georgia 2
  • Fighting 3
  • Casualties and damage 4
  • Operations outside Abkhazia 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7

Abkhaz and Russian army mobilization

Russia sent naval vessels to blockade Georgia's [6]

On 10 August the Georgian government said that 6,000 Russian troops had rolled into South Ossetia from the neighbouring Russian province of North Ossetia and 4,000 more landed in Abkhazia.[5] Alexander Novitsky, an aide to the commander of Russian peacekeepers in Abkhazia, said on 11 August that Russia had boosted its forces in Abkhazia and had more than 9,000 paratroopers and 350 armoured vehicles there.[7][8]

Ultimatum to Georgia

On the morning of 9 August 2008, the Abkhaz de facto deputy defense minister requested that

  1. ^ a b Luke Harding (11 August 2008). "Abkhazia: Moscow sends troops into second enclave". 
  2. ^ a b Schwirtz, Michael; Barnard, Anne; Kramer, Andrew E. (11 August 2008). "Russian Forces Capture Military Base in Georgia". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ a b c "'"Abkhaz Open 'Second Front. Institute for War & Peace Reporting. 15 August 2008. Archived from the original on 14 August 2008. 
  4. ^ a b "Abchasen räumen Minen und suchen versprengte georgische Truppen im Kodori-Tal" (in Deutsch). RIA Novosti. 14 August 2008. 
  5. ^ a b "Russia expands Georgia blitz, deploys ships". Associated Press. 10 August 2008. 
  6. ^ "Russian Navy ships approach Georgia's sea border". RIA Novosti. 10 August 2008. 
  7. ^ "Russia boosts forces in Abkhazia to 9,000-Ifax". 11 August 2008. Archived from the original on 11 August 2008. 
  8. ^ "Georgia claims Russia wants to overthrow government". The Independent. 11 August 2008. 
  9. ^ a b "Senior UN Official Briefs Security Council on Abkhaz Military Build-Up". Civil.Ge. 10 August 2008. 
  10. ^ Обращение Президента Республики Абхазии к согражданам (in Русский). 10 August 2008. Archived from the original on 17 August 2008. 
  11. ^ "Russian troops raid Georgian town; scores dead". AP. Archived from the original on 13 August 2008. 
  12. ^ "Abkhazian Forces Push out Georgian Troops". 9 August 2008. 
  13. ^ a b "Abkhaz separatists strike disputed Georgia gorge". Reuters. 9 August 2008. 
  14. ^ "Abkhazia launches operation to force Georgian troops out". Xinhua. 9 August 2008. 
  15. ^ "President: Georgia defeats Abkhazia's attacks on Kodori gorge". Xinhua. 9 August 2008. 
  16. ^ "Georgia Pulls Out of Ossetia as Second Front Opens (Update1)". 10 August 2008. 
  17. ^ a b "Europe | Day-by-day: Georgia-Russia crisis". BBC News. 21 August 2008. 
  18. ^ a b Michael Schwirtz; Anne Barnard; Andrew E. Kramer (11 August 2008). "Moscow issues ultimatum as fighting in Georgia spreads". The New York Times. 
  19. ^ a b c Barabanov, Mikhail. "The August War between Russia and Georgia". Moscow Defense Brief (Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies) 3 (13). 
  20. ^ "Russia halts operations in Georgia as Sarkozy meets Medvedev". Hurriyet. 12 August 2008. 
  21. ^ "French mediators hope to stop Caucasus war". Reuters. 12 August 2008. 
  22. ^ a b "Abkhazia says Georgian troops pushed from province".  
  23. ^ "Georgian troops leave Abkhazia, Russians in Gori". Associated Press. 13 August 2008. Archived from the original on 14 August 2008. 
  24. ^ "Georgia Pulls Out of Abkhazia as France Seeks Russia Cease-Fire".  
  25. ^ Irma Choladze; Natia Kuprashvili (22 January 2009). "Kodori Gorge Refugees in Limbo".  
  26. ^ "Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to Security Council resolutions 1808 (2008), 1839 (2008) and 1866 (2009)". United Nations Security Council. 18 May 2009. p. 7. 
  27. ^ Kuprashvili, Natia (7 August 2009). "Kodori Refugees Only Dream of Returning". Georgia War Anniversary (Institute for War and Peace Reporting). Archived from the original on 4 September 2009. 
  28. ^ "Russia demands Georgian troops near Abkhazia disarm". Reuters. 11 August 2008. 
  29. ^ "Russian Troops Launch Ground Offensive in Georgia (Update3)". Bloomberg. 11 August 2008. 
  30. ^ a b "Russian troops capture Georgia’s Senaki City and enters Zugdidi Town - UPDATED". 11 August 2008. Archived from the original on 11 July 2009. 
  31. ^ Российские военные уничтожили два грузинских вертолета - миротворцы (in Русский).  
  32. ^ "Russian troops advance in Georgia". BBC News. 12 August 2008. 
  33. ^ Kramer, Andrew E.; Barry, Ellen (12 August 2008). "Russia, in Accord With Georgians, Sets Withdrawal".  
  34. ^ "Georgia says Abkhazia separatists seize villages". 16 August 2008. Archived from the original on 17 August 2008. 

References

  • Ethnic cleansing of Georgians in Abkhazia
  • Georgian–Abkhazian conflict

See also

[34] On 16 August, the Georgian Ministry of Foreign Affairssaid that the Russian army units and the separatists moved the border of Abkhazia in direction to the

Russian troops also drove through the port of Poti, and took up positions around it on 12 August.[33]

[19] and seized rich trophies.[32] Russians destroyed the base in Senaki,[31] An aide to the commander of Russian forces Alexander Novitsky said, that during a

[30] On 11 August, Russian paratroopers deployed in Abkhazia occupied the city of

The Russian ultimatum issued on 11 August by the commander of Russian peacekeeping forces in Abkhazia, Major General Sergei Chaban, called for Georgian troops to disarm in the Zugdidi District along the boundary with Abkhazia.[18] Russia stated the ultimatum expired at 06:00 GMT. Sergei Chaban said that Russian troops were ready for an operation to disarm Georgian troops in the area.[28]

Operations outside Abkhazia

According to visitors to Azhara, military posts had been damaged and shops looted, but houses were almost unharmed.[27]

Before the war the around 2,000 people lived in the upper Kodori Gorge, that fled during the Georgian retreat. The Abkhaz authorities said they advised the return of the refugees,[25] but by late March 2009 only 130 people were reported to live in the upper Kodori Valley.[26]

One Abkhaz soldier was killed mistakenly by his own men.[3] Two Georgian soldiers were also killed.[4]

Casualties and damage

Georgian military left the gorge on 12 August.[22][23] Georgia's Deputy Interior Minister Eka Zhguladze said Georgian troops had withdrawn from the Kodori Gorge as a "goodwill gesture."[24] Abkhaz Deputy Defense Minister Major General Anatoly Zaitsev claimed that "only local forces — not Russian ones" were involved in the military operation. But an AP reporter in the area saw 135 Russian military vehicles driving to the Kodori Gorge. Georgian officials said their troops in the Kodori gorge were being attacked by Russians.[22] On 13 August president Sergei Bagapsh flew into the gorge by helicopter to declare that the last piece of Georgian-held land in Abkhazia was back under the control of the separatist authorities. The only inhabitants found were two old women and four monks. Abkhaz soldiers said that they had discovered a "mountain of weapons", from American M-16 rifles to artillery units and mortars, as well as herds of abandoned cattle.[3]

Abkhaz authorities announced a military offensive against Georgian troops in the Kodori Gorge area on 12 August.[17] Russian forces supported the Abkhaz operation.[19] "The operation to liberate Kodori Gorge has started," Abkhazia's foreign minister Sergei Shamba said. "Our troops are making advances. We are hoping for success." Shamba claimed that Russian troops were not involved in the operation.[20][21]

[18] The Itar-Tass news agency quoted the foreign minister of Abkhazia [13] A "second front" against Georgia was opened.[12][11] On 9 August 2008, Russian-supported separatists in Abkhazia launched air and artillery strikes to drive Georgian troops from the Kodori Gorge, the only part of the region controlled by Georgia.

Fighting

[10] was approved by the Parliament.Kodori Valley Bagapsh said that his decision to start a military operation against the Upper [9]

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