Crotoniidae

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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Acari
Superorder: Acariformes
Order: Oribatida
Suborder: Desmonomata
Superfamily: Crotonioidea
Family: Crotoniidae
Thorell, 1876
Species

See text.

Diversity
2 genera, c. 40 species
Synonyms

Crotonidae
Holonothridae

Crotoniidae are a family of mites of the Desmonomata group that may be the first animal lineage to have abandoned sexual reproduction and then reevolved it. This is a spectacular case of atavism, and later convergent evolution.[1]

Species

  • Crotonia Thorell, 1876
    • Crotonia alluaudi (Berlese, 1916) — Africa
    • Crotonia americana (Berlese, 1901) — South America
    • Crotonia ardala Luxton, 1987Australia
    • Crotonia blaszaki Szywilewska, Olszanowski & Norton, 2005Chile
    • Crotonia borbora Luxton, 1987 — Australia
    • Crotonia brassicae Wallwork, 1977St. Helena
    • Crotonia brevicornuta (Wallwork, 1966)Antarctica
    • Crotonia camelus (Berlese, 1910)New Caledonia
    • Crotonia capistrata Luxton, 1987 — Australia
    • Crotonia caudalis (Hammer, 1966)New Zealand
    • Crotonia cervicorna Luxton, 1982 — New Zealand
    • Crotonia chiloensis Wallwork, 1977 — Chile
    • Crotonia cophinaria (Michael, 1908) — Argentina, New Zealand
    • Crotonia cupulata Luxton, 1982 — New Zealand
    • Crotonia dicella Colloff, 1990Natal, South Africa
    • Crotonia ecphyla Colloff, 1990 — Natal
    • Crotonia flagellata (Balogh & Csiszar, 1963) — South America
    • Crotonia jethurmerae Lee, 1985South Australia
    • Crotonia lanceolata Wallwork, 1977 — St. Helena
    • Crotonia longibulbula Luxton, 1982 — New Zealand
    • Crotonia lyrata Colloff, 1990 — Natal
    • Crotonia marlenae Olszanowski, 1997Serra do Mar, Parati area; Brazil
    • Crotonia nukuhivae (Jacot, 1934) — Pacific islands
    • Crotonia obtecta (Cambridge, 1875) — Chile, New Zealand
    • Crotonia ovata Olszanowski, 2000Hellyer River gorge: Tasmania
    • Crotonia pauropelor Colloff, 1990 — Natal
    • Crotonia perforata Wallwork, 1977 — St. Helena
    • Crotonia pulchra (Beck, 1962) — Neotropics
    • Crotonia reticulata Luxton, 1982 — New Zealand
    • Crotonia rothschildi (Berlese, 1916)Ethiopia
    • Crotonia tryjanowskii Olszanowski, 2000 — New England N.P.: New South Wales
    • Crotonia tuberculata Luxton, 1982 — New Zealand
    • Crotonia unguifera (Michael, 1908) New Zealand
  • Holonothrus Wallwork, 1963
    • Holonothrus artus Olszanowski, 1999 — Aisen, Queulat National Park, Puerto Cisnes area: Chile; Melanesia
    • Holonothrus concavus Wallwork, 1966 — Antarctica
    • Holonothrus foliatus Wallwork, 1963 — Antarctica
    • Holonothrus gracilis Olszanowski, 1997 — South Island, Nelson Lakes National Park: New Zealand
    • Holonothrus mitis Olszanowski, 1991 — Tasmania, Australia
    • Holonothrus naskreckii Olszanowski, 1997 — South Island, Nelson Lakes National Park; New Zealand
    • Holonothrus nortoni Olszanowski, 1999 — Dominica, Trois Pitons: Leeward Islands
    • Holonothrus novaecaledoniae Olszanowski, 1997 — Mount Paine: New Caledonia
    • Holonothrus papua Balogh & Balogh, 1986Papua New Guinea
    • Holonothrus pulcher Hammer, 1966 — New Zealand
    • Holonothrus robustus Olszanowski, 1991 — Tasmania, Australia
    • Holonothrus venetiolanus Olszanowski, 1999 — Merida, Laguna Negra: Venezuela; neotropical
    • Holonothrus virungensis Norton & Olszanowski, 1989 — Congo: Kinshasa

Footnotes

References

  • Subías, Luis S. (2007): Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes: Oribatida) del mundo (Excepto fósiles). PDF