World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gerardus Johannes Mulder

 

Gerardus Johannes Mulder

Gerardus Johannes Mulder.

Gerardus Johannes Mulder (27 December 1802 – 18 April 1880) was a analytical chemist

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • References 2
  • Sources 3
  • External links 4

Biography

Mulder was born in Utrecht, and earned a medical degree from Utrecht University.

He became a professor of chemistry at Rotterdam and later at Utrecht. While at the Utrecht University, Mulder described the chemical composition of protein. He claimed that albuminous substances are made up of a common radical, protein, and that protein had the same empirical formula except for some variation in amounts of sulfur and phosphorus, long before the polymer nature of proteins was recognized after work by Staudinger and Carrothers.

He was the first to use this name, protein, coined by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in a publication, his 1838 paper 'On the composition of some animal substances' (originally in French but translated in 1839 to German). In the same publication he also proposed that animals draw most of their protein from plants.[1][2][3]

Augustus Voelcker was Mulder’s assistant for a year from 1846.[4]

In 1850, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He died in Bennekom in 1880.

References

  1. ^ Bulletin des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles en Néerlande (1838). pg 104. SUR LA COMPOSITION DE QUELQUES SUBSTANCES ANIMALES
  2. ^ Hartley, Harold. “Origin of the Word ‘Protein.’” Nature 168, no. 4267 (August 11, 1951): 244–244. doi:10.1038/168244a0.
  3. ^ "Ueber die Zusammensetzung einiger thierischen Substanzen". Journal für praktische Chemie (in German) 16: 129–152. 1839.  
  4. ^ John Christopher Augustus Voelcker, (1899) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Sources

  • Ihde, Aaron (1964) The Development of Modern Chemistry, Harper and Row, pages 359 and 423–424.

External links

  • On the composition of some animal substances Translation of parts of Mulder's article from: Mikulás Teich, A Documentary History of Biochemistry, 1770-1940 (Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1992)
    "Ueber die Zusammensetzung einiger thierischen Substanzen". Journal für Praktische Chemie (in German) 16: 129–152. 1839.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.