World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Hailuodon kunta
Pilot station and lighthouse in Marjaniemi
Pilot station and lighthouse in Marjaniemi
Coat of arms of Hailuoto
Coat of arms
Location of Hailuoto in Finland
Location of Hailuoto in Finland
Country Finland
Region Northern Ostrobothnia
Sub-region Oulu sub-region
 • Municipal manager Ari Nurkkala
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 1,082.70 km2 (418.03 sq mi)
 • Land 200.53 km2 (77.43 sq mi)
 • Water 882.17 km2 (340.61 sq mi)
Area rank 104th largest in Finland
Population (2015-06-30)[2]
 • Total 1,001
 • Rank 323rd largest in Finland
 • Density 4.99/km2 (12.9/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 99.1% (official)
 • Swedish 0.1%
 • Others 0.8%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 13.9%
 • 15 to 64 61.5%
 • 65 or older 24.6%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.25%

Hailuoto (Swedish: Karlö) is an island and a municipality in Northern Ostrobothnia region, Finland. The population of Hailuoto is 1,001 (June 30, 2015)[2] and the municipality covers an area of 200.53 km2 (77.43 sq mi) (excluding sea areas) of which 1.70 km2 (0.66 sq mi) is inland water (January 1, 2011).[1] The population density is 4.99/km2 (12.9/sq mi).

Hailuoto is located on an island of the same name opposite the city of Oulu in the Gulf of Bothnia. A ferry operates regularly between Hailuoto and Oulunsalo. In winter an official ice road connects the island to the mainland.

Land in the region is constantly rising due to post-glacial rebound. It is estimated that the first parts of Hailuoto appeared from the Baltic Sea about 1700 years ago. The current island of Hailuoto was formed from many smaller islands. Two large sections, Santonen and Hanhinen merged into the main island (Luoto) only about two centuries ago. The island is continuously expanding and eventually it will join with the continent. Kirkkosalmi, a wetland region between Hanhinen and Luoto is renowned for being an important bird refuge where rare bird species are observed.



  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.06.2015" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Municipality of Hailuoto – Official site (Finnish)
  • Hailuoto travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Ferry timetables (Finnish)
  • Bothnian Bay Research Station of the University of Oulu
  • Live webcam from the ferry
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.