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Knox's Headquarters State Historic Site

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Title: Knox's Headquarters State Historic Site  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Washington's headquarters, Newburgh, New York, List of New York state parks, American Revolutionary War museums in New York, Palisades Interstate Park system, New York state historic sites
Collection: 1754 Establishments in New York, American Revolutionary War Museums in New York, American Revolutionary War Sites, Georgian Architecture in New York, Historic House Museums in New York, Houses Completed in 1754, Houses in Orange County, New York, Living Museums in New York, Museums in Orange County, New York, National Historic Landmarks in New York, National Register of Historic Places in Orange County, New York, New Windsor, New York, New York in the American Revolution, New York State Historic Sites, Palisades Interstate Park System, Visitor Attractions in Orange County, New York
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Knox's Headquarters State Historic Site

Knox Headquarters
The Ellison House at Knox's Headquarter's State Historic Site in New Windsor, NY
Location Vails Gate, NY
Nearest city Newburgh
Built 1754
Architectural style Georgian
Governing body Palisades Interstate Park Commission
NRHP Reference # 72000901
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 9, 1972[1]
Designated NHL November 28, 1972[2]

Knox's Headquarters State Historic Site, in the town of Route 94 east of Vails Gate.

Although most closely associated with Henry Knox, who was using it as his headquarters as the Revolutionary War drew to a close in the early 1780s, it was used as a general's headquarters throughout most of the war, by Nathanael Greene and Horatio Gates.

The site was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1972.[2][3] While owned by the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation the Ellison House is administered and operated by the Palisades Interstate Park Commission, like many other state parks and historic sites in the mid- and lower Hudson region.

Today, the house can be toured when the site is open. It is used to educate visitors about how 18th-century families such as the Ellisons actually lived. On holidays and special occasions staff dress in reproduction period clothing and give special events. Staff dressed as the 2nd Continental Artillery frequently demonstrate cannon use on the grounds during special events, as Knox was best known for his command of Continental artillery.

The house and its grounds were the setting and subject of the children's haunted-house novel Buried Treasure (1919), by the best-selling children's author Henry Everett McNeil. The book is illustrated with McNeil's own photographs (made circa 1911 or 1912) of the various buildings and bridge at the Knox site.

The Jane Colden Plant Sanctuary along some of the trails in the nearby woods memorializes America's first female botanist, who also resided in the area.

See also


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ a b "Knox Headquarters". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-11. 
  3. ^ Charles W. Snell (May 9, 1972). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: General Henry Knox's Headquarters / Knox Headquarters (John Ellison House)" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 2 photos, exterior, from 1971. PDF (429 KiB)

External links

  • Knox's Headquarters State Historic Site (Official site)
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