World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kutai National Park

Article Id: WHEBN0024317139
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kutai National Park  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Danau Sentarum National Park, Bunaken National Park, Palm oil production in Indonesia, Mount Halimun Salak National Park, Berbak National Park
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kutai National Park

Kutai National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Kutai National Park
Map showing the location of Kutai National Park
Kutai NP
Location of Kutai NP in Borneo
Location East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Nearest city Samarinda
Coordinates
Area 1,986 km2
Established 1982
Governing body Ministry of Forestry

Kutai National Park is a lowland national park located on the east coast of Borneo Island, in the East Kalimantan province of Indonesia, ranging approximately 10 to 50 km north of the equator.

Geography

The park is located north of the Mahakam river and includes several lakes: Danau Maau, Santan, Besar and Sirapan. It is adjacent to the towns of Bontang and Sangatta and 120 km north of the provincial capital Samarinda. There are several traditional Bugis settlements within the national park.[1]

Orangutan in the Kutai forest

The Kutai National Park extends over an area of 2,000 km2, part of the former Kutai Game Reserve which has been protected since the 1970s. However this status did not prevent the logging of a third of the forest in subsequent years and the following introduction of mining companies. In an attempt to prevent further deforestation the Kutai National Park was established in 1982. Nevertheless, the great Borneo fires of 1982/83 destroyed large sections of the forest, and the constant encroachment of people along the eastern boundary continues to reduce the true park area. Approximately only 30% of the primary growth forest remains.

There are two main point for tourist access to the park. Sangkima is on the road between Sangatta and Bontang and thus is accessible by car or bus. The area has a number of old formal national park buildings. There is a large loop walking track, with sections of elevated boardwalk to what was one of the largest trees known in the park. Given the ease of accessibility and being adjacent to the road, this area of park is continually under pressure from the encroachment of people.

Prevab is the second tourist area, approximately 25 minutes boat ride up the Sangatta River from Kabo Pier (a boat ramp on the northern bank, on the western side of the town of Sangatta). Access to the park is gained by road travel to Kabo Pier and the short river trip in a ketinting (a traditional small boat for navigating rivers). The more remote nature of this section sees the jungle in fairly good condition with little disturbance of the area.

Ecology

Kutai National Park is dominated by a Dipterocarpaceae lowland tropical rainforest and has 958 species of flora, including 8 of the world's 9 genus of Dipterocarpaceae family, 41 species of orchids and 220 species of medical plants. The other vegetation types include coastal mangrove forest, freshwater swamp forest and kerangas forest.

The park provides habitat to 10 species of primates, 90 species of mammals and 300 species of birds.[2] Some of them are orangutan, Malayan sun bear, sambar deer, banteng, maroon leaf monkey, white-fronted leaf monkey, Hose's leaf monkey, proboscis monkey, Bornean gibbon, clouded leopard, black flying squirrel, marbled cat, flat-headed cat, yellow-throated marten, otter civet, and smooth-coated otter.[3]

The number of orangutans was found to have decreased dramatically, from 600 recorded in 2004 to about 60 in 2009.[4] However a survey conducted in 2010 identified over 2,000 orangutans to be inhabiting the park.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ , 1996Bugis settlers in East Kalimantan's Kutai National ParkCIFOR:, retrieved 2009-09-12
  2. ^
  3. ^ Indonesian National Parks on geocities retrieved 2009-09-12
  4. ^ Borneo Orangutan Survival News, retrieved 2009-09-12
  5. ^ More than 2,000 orangutans inhabit Kutai National ParkNurni Sulaiman: in The Jakarta Post 6 August 2010, retrieved 28 October 2010

External links

  • Official site
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.