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Maurice Powicke

Sir Maurice Powicke
Born Frederick Maurice Powicke
(1879-06-16)16 June 1879
Alnwick, England
Died 19 May 1963(1963-05-19) (aged 83)
Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford
Nationality British
Alma mater Owens College, Manchester
Occupation Historian
Known for Works on English medieval history
Title Regius Professor of Modern History
Term 1928-1947
Predecessor Henry William Carless Davis
Successor Vivian Hunter Galbraith

Sir Frederick Maurice Powicke (16 June 1879 – 19 May 1963) was an English medieval historian. He was a Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, a professor at Belfast and Manchester, and from 1928 until his retirement Regius Professor at Oxford. He was knighted in 1946.

Life

The son of Frederick James Powicke, a Congregational minister and historian of seventeenth-century puritanism,[1] Powicke was educated at Owens College, Manchester, where he took his first degree, and at Balliol College, Oxford, where he took another with First Class Honours.[2]

From 1908 to 1915 he was a Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, although in 1909 he was appointed as Professor of Modern History in the Queen's University, Belfast, where he remained for ten years. From 1919 to 1928 he was Professor of Mediæval History at the Victoria University of Manchester, serving as Ford's Lecturer in English History at Oxford for 1927. In 1928 he became Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford, remaining in post until 1947. He was President of the Royal Historical Society from 1933 to 1937.[2]

He was a tough, difficult man, small in build. At Oxford, he was determined to reinvigorate history there and made the University the leading centre in the country for historical study.[1]

Powicke was the author of the volume The Thirteenth Century in the Oxford History of England.[2]

In 1909, Powicke married Susan Irvine Martin, daughter of the Rev. T. M. Lindsay DD, and they had two daughters.[2] Their daughter Janet married the historian Richard Pares.

Works

  • The Loss of Normandy 1189-1204: Studies in the History of the Angevin Empire (1913)
  • Bismarck and the Origin of the German Empire (1914)
  • Ailred of Rievaulx and his biographer Walter Daniel (1922)
  • Essays in Medieval History Presented to Thomas Frederick Tout (1925) editor with A. G. Little
  • Stephen Langton (1927) Ford Lectures
  • Gerald of Wales (1928)
  • Historical Study at Oxford (1929) Inaugural lecture
  • Robert Grosseteste and the Nicomachean Ethics (1930)
  • Sir Henry Spelman and the 'Concilia' (1930) Raleigh Lecture on History
  • The Medieval Books of Merton College (1931) A catalogue
  • Oxford Essays in Medieval History. Presented to Herbert Edward Salter (1934) editor
  • The Christian Life in the Middle Ages (1935) essays
  • International Bibliography of Historical Sciences. Twelfth year (1937) editor
  • History, Freedom and Religion (1938) Riddell Memorial Lectures
  • Handbook of British Chronology (1939) editor
  • The Administration of the Honor of Leicester in the Fourteenth Century (1940) with L. Fox
  • Three Lectures (1947)
  • King Henry III and the Lord Edward: the Community of the Realm in the Thirteenth Century (1947) 2 volumes
  • Mediaeval England, 1066-1485 (1948)
  • Ways of Medieval Life and Thought: Essays and Addresses (1949)
  • Walteri Danielis: Vita Ailredi Abbatis Rievall: The Life of Ailred of Rievaulx by Walter Daniel (1950) editor
  • Oxford History of England - Thirteenth Century 1216 - 1307 (1953)
  • The Reformation in England (1953)
  • Modern Historians and the Study of History: Essays and Papers (1955)
  • The Battle of Lewes 1264 (1964) with R. F. Treharne and Charles Lemmon
  • The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages (3 vols) by Hastings Rashdall, editor with A. B. Emden

Honours

Notes

References

  • Liber Memorialis Sir Maurice Powicke, Dublin 1963
  • Studies in Mediaeval History Presented to Frederick Maurice Powicke. (1969) edited by Richard William Hunt, William Abel Pantin and R. W. Southern
  • Inventing the Middle Ages by Norman Cantor
  • W. A. Pantin, "Frederick Maurice Powicke," The English Historical Review, 80, No. 314 (Jan., 1965): pp. 1–9.

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