World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Návsí

Article Id: WHEBN0003162497
Reproduction Date:

Title: Návsí  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Frýdek-Místek District, Bocanovice, Horní Lomná, Bukovec (Frýdek-Místek District), Dolní Lomná
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Návsí

Návsí
Nawsie
Village
Lutheran church
Lutheran church
Flag of Návsí
Flag
Coat of arms of Návsí
Coat of arms
Návsí is located in Czech Republic
Návsí
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates:
Country Czech Republic
Region Moravian-Silesian
District Frýdek-Místek
First mentioned 1435
Government
 • Mayor Lenka Husarová
Area
 • Total 19.63 km2 (7.58 sq mi)
Elevation 386 m (1,266 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 3,810
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Postal code 739 91, 739 92
Website .cz.navsiwww

    (Polish: , Cieszyn Silesian: ) is a village in Frýdek-Místek District, Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of 3,765 (2001 census); 24% of the population are Poles.[1]

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • History 2
  • Personalities 3
  • Gallery 4
  • Footnotes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Overview

It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia, on the both banks of the Olza River, between Silesian and Moravian-Silesian Beskids mountain ranges. Mountain meadow of Filipka lies just north of the village. It offers great view of the Olza River valley and peaks of Moravian-Silesian Beskids.

The name is of cultural origins, nawsie denotes an empty part of a village customarily used as a common pasture.[2]

History

It is possible that the village was already first mentioned in a document of Bishop of Wrocław issued on 23 May 1223 for Norbertine Sisters in Rybnik among villages paying them a tithe, as Novoza, however without certainty.[3][4]

Nawsie was originally a part of Old Jabłonków, but nearby a new settlement emerged (Jabłonków) and Nawsie became a separate village. Under the modern name the village was first mentioned as Nawsy in a written document in 1577.[2] In 1435 Wacław I, Duke of Cieszyn gave a privilege to Paweł Sikora to establish a farming community. Návsí lies on the old trade route going from today's Slovakia to Cieszyn, thus offering good trading opportunities. Craftsmen began to settle in the village. However, village's location had also negative consequences, frequent marches of various armies and frequent Olza floodings caused that in the second half of the 17th century almost one third inhabitants left the village. Sikora family managed the village to 19th century. In 1791 a wooden Protestant church was built, bricked one in 1820. Village developed quickly after 1871 construction of Kassa-Oderberg railway line which runs through the village. Large railway station was built here.

After Revolutions of 1848 in the Austrian Empire a modern municipal division was introduced in the re-established Austrian Silesia. The village as a municipality was subscribed to the political district of Teschen and the legal district of Jablunkau. According to the censuses conducted in 1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910 the population of the municipality grew from 1,412 in 1880 to 2,249 in 1910 with a majority being native Polish-speakers (between 94.7% and 97.7%) accompanied by German-speaking (at most 74 or 4% in 1900) and Czech-speaking people (at most 17 or 0.9% in 1900). In terms of religion in 1910 the majority were Protestants (1,449 or 64.4%), followed by Roman Catholics (783 or 34.8%) and Jews (17 or 0.8%).[5][6]

In 1914 Polish Marshall Józef Piłsudski spent with his legions his first World War I Christmas Eve at the parish of local Protestant church.[7]

After World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and the division of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920, it became a part of Czechoslovakia. Following the Munich Agreement, in October 1938 together with the Zaolzie region it was annexed by Poland, administratively adjoined to Cieszyn County of Silesian Voivodeship.[8] It was then annexed by Nazi Germany at the beginning of World War II. After the war it was restored to Czechoslovakia.

From 1960 to 1994 it was administratively a part of Jablunkov.

Personalities

Gallery

Footnotes

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.
  7. ^ Nowak 2008, 16.
  8. ^

References

External links

  • (Czech) Návsí official website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.