Norepinephrine-dopamine disinhibitor

Norepinephrine and dopamine disinhibitors (NDDIs) are a class of drugs which act at specific sites to disinhibit downstream norepinephrine and dopamine release in the brain.[1]

Agomelatine, an antidepressant which disinhibits norepinephrine and dopamine release in the frontal cortex by antagonizing 5-HT2C receptors,[2] was the first drug to be described as an NDDI.[3] While many other drugs also antagonize 5-HT2C receptors to some degree or another, they tend to be very non-specific in their actions, and as a result, the term "NDDI" has generally, though not always (for instance, fluoxetine has been called an NDDI in addition to SSRI due to its blockade of 5-HT2C),[4] been reserved for describing newer, more selective agents in which disinhibition of norepinephrine and dopamine release is their primary mechanism of action.

Another drug that has been referred to as an NDDI in the medical literature is flibanserin,[5] an agent being investigated as a treatment for hypoactive sexual desire disorder in women,[6] which disinhibits norepinephrine and dopamine release in the prefrontal cortex by agonizing 5-HT1A postsynaptic receptors and antagonizing 5-HT2A receptors.[7]

Aside from agomelatine, fluoxetine, and flibanserin, as of present, no other drugs have been described as NDDIs in the medical literature, despite the fact that many other existing drugs possess effects consistent with those of the definition of an NDDI. In any case, more drugs labeled specifically as NDDIs may be seen in the future.

See also


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