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Poti

Poti
ფოთი
Georgian Orthodox Poti Cathedral under restoration works in the downtown
Flag of Poti  ფოთი
Flag
Official seal of Poti  ფოთი
Seal
Poti  ფოთი
Poti
ფოთი
Location of Poti in Georgia
Coordinates:
Country  Georgia
Mkhare Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
Established 7th century BC
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 47,900
Time zone Georgian Time (UTC+4)
Website www.poti.ge (eng)
Palm Boulevard in Poti
Phasis, 19th century

Poti (Poti port area is the RAKIA owned Free Industrial Zone. Inaugurated in April 2008, it has registered a number of businesses, including those from Iranian businesspeople trying to evade sanctions against Iran.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
    • Ancient and medieval history 2.1
    • Modern history 2.2
  • Geography and climate 3
  • Economy 4
  • Fiber optic network 5
  • Military 6
  • International relations 7
    • Twin towns—Sister cities 7.1
  • Notes 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Etymology

The name Poti is apparently linked to Phasis, but the etymology is a matter of a scholarly dispute. "Phasis" (Zan *Poti, Svan *Pasid, and even to a Semitic word, meaning "a gold river".[1]

History

Ancient and medieval history

The recorded history of Poti and its environs spans over 26 centuries. In Classical antiquity and the early Middle Ages, the area was occupied by the Greek polis of Phasis which was established by the colonists from Miletus led by one Themistagoras at the very end of the 7th, and probably at the beginning of the 6th century BC.

After many years of uncertainty and academic debate, the site of this settlement now seems to be established, thanks to underwater archaeology under tough conditions. Apparently the lake which the well-informed Ancient Greek author Strabo reported as bounding one side of Phasis has now engulfed it, or part of it. Yet, a series of questions regarding the town’s exact location and identification of its ruins remains open due largely to the centuries-long geomorphologic processes of the area as the lower reaches of the Rioni are prone to changes of course across the wetland. Phasis appears to have been an important center of trade and culture in Colchis throughout the Classical period.[2][3] The section along the river Phasis was a vital component of the presumed trade route from India to the Black Sea, attested by Strabo and Pliny.[4]

Between the 6th and 2nd centuries BC, the town played an active role in these contacts. During the Third Mithridatic War, Phasis came under Roman control. It was where the Roman commander-in-chief Pompey, having crossed into Colchis from Iberia, met the legate Servilius, the admiral of his Euxine fleet in 65 BC.[5] After the introduction of Christianity, Phasis was a seat of a Greek diocese, one of whose bishops, Cyrus, became a Patriarch of Alexandria between 630 and 641 AD. During the Lazic War between the Eastern Roman and Sassanid Iranian empires (542-562) Phasis was attacked, unsuccessfully, by Iranian soldiers.

In the 8th century, the name Poti entered Georgian written sources. It remained a place of maritime trade within the

  • www.poti.ge (Poti city Portal)
  • Poti city web site
  • Poti Sea Port Authority
  • Chart of Poti port
  • @bbc - The Georgian foreign ministry said the Black Sea port of Poti, which is the site of a major oil shipment facility, had been "devastated" by a Russian aerial bombardment.
  • [1]

External links

  • Otar Lordkipanidze (2000), Phasis: The River and City in Colchis. Franz Steiner Verlag, ISBN 3-515-07070-2.
  • Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-01902-4.
  • Richard J. A. Talbert et al. (ed., 2000), Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-04945-9.

References

  1. ^ Lordkipanidze (2000), pp. 11–12.
  2. ^ Lordkipanidze (2000), p. 50.
  3. ^ Richard J. A. Talbert et al. (2000), p. 1227.
  4. ^ Lordkipanidze (2000), p. 31.
  5. ^ John Leach (1986), Pompey the Great, p. 84. Routledge, ISBN 0-7099-4127-7.
  6. ^ W.E.D. Allen (Aug., 1929), The March-Lands of Georgia. The Geographical Journal, Vol. 74, No. 2, p. 135.
  7. ^ Jones (2005), p. 88.
  8. ^ Jones (2005), pp. 192–3.
  9. ^ Allen, W.E.D. & Muratoff, P. (1953), Caucasian Battlefields: A History of The Wars on The Turco- Caucasian Border 1828–1921, p. 248. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  10. ^ Russian Blockading Georgia's Poti
  11. ^ Russian forces sink Georgian ships.
  12. ^ Library of Congress Country Study on Georgia; chapter on "Transportation and Telecommunications".
  13. ^ Christina Tashkevich (April 16, 2008). President inaugurates Poti port project. The Messenger Online. Accessed on April 19, 2008.
  14. ^ Yushchenko says Ukraine to try quickly implement Kerch-Poti ferry route project, Kyiv Post (November 19, 2009)
  15. ^ http://www.tycotelecom.com/company/view.asp?id=298&type=Press
  16. ^ "Droni" No. 65, June 11–13, p. 5, cited in: David Darchiashvili et al. (ed., June 1998), The Army and Society in Georgia. Caucasian Institute for Peace, Democracy and Development. Accessed on April 20, 2008.
  17. ^ Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty's Newsline. Vol. 1, No. 42, Part I, 30 May 1997.
  18. ^ Georgian Border Guards pressure Russian counterparts to leave. RFE/RL NEWSLINE Vol. 2, No. 172 Part I, 7 (September 1998). Accessed on April 20, 2008.
  19. ^

Notes

Twin towns—Sister cities

International relations

Currently, Poti is a Georgian Armed Forces.

[18] On October 9, 1993, a

The Poti naval base was organized by the Soviet government in July 1941, a month after the NATO-member states.[16]

The Port of Poti, Georgia, in July 2008.
The fiber optic cable network being deployed 7/28/08
A long haul submarine cable system — aptly named

Fiber optic network

As of November 2009 there are plans for a Kerch–Poti ferry route.[14]

In April 2008, Georgia sold a 51% stake of the Poti port to the Investment Authority of the Mikheil Saakashvili on April 15, 2008.[13]

Service and food industry represent the most important sectors of the economy. The Poti Sea Port (7.7 million tons per annum) is operational. The railway to Tbilisi makes this a more useful port than the natural harbor at Batumi.[12]

Economy

Poti is situated 312 kilometres (194 mi) west of Georgia’s capital, Rioni, at its entrance into the Black Sea. The city lies at an altitude of 2 metres (6 feet 7 inches) above sea level. A portion of Poti's environs recovered from the marshes now accommodate citrus plantation. The city is surrounded by the Kolkheti National Park. It is flanked by the small river Kaparchina to the south-east and Lake Paliastomi to the south-west. Some 5 kilometres (3 miles) to the south is the village Maltaqva, a local beach resort. The city's climate is humid subtropical with cool winters and warm summers. The average annual temperature is 14.3 °C (58 °F), 5.6 °C (42 °F) in January, and 22.8 °C (73 °F) in July. Average annual precipitation is 1,685 mm (66 in).

Geography and climate

On August 23, 2008, the Russians pulled out of most of Georgia following a peace deal to end the South Ossetia war. Russia has continued to keep a military presence in Poti, which they argue is within the remit of the peace agreement; many western nations on the other hand have stated that this contradicts the terms.

[11] During the

During a brief period of independence in 1918–1921 Poti was Georgia’s principal window to Europe, also serving as the portal of entry for successive German and British expeditionary forces. On May 28, 1918, a German-Georgian preliminary invading Red Armies of Soviet Russia which installed a Soviet government in Georgia. During the Soviet era, Poti retained its principal function of a seaport and the town was further industrialized and militarized.

[9] appeared off the port of Poti and subjected the railway yards there to a bombardment that lasted three-quarters of an hour, without any direct results.SMS Breslau, on November 7, 1914, the Ottoman World War I At the beginning of [8], Poti became a scene of workers' strikes and barricade fighting in December 1905.First Russian Revolution During the [7] Poti particularly grew in size and importance during the mayorship of

The center of Poti

In 1578, Poti was conquered by the Nino, Princess of Mingrelia in 1809, but was coerced to return the fortress to the Ottomans in the Treaty of Bucharest (1812). The next Russo-Turkish War resulted in the capture of Poti by Russia in 1828. (See Russian conquest of the Caucasus#Black Sea Coast.) The town was subordinated to the Governorate of Kutais and granted the status of a port town in 1858. The seaport was reconstructed between 1863 and 1905. In 1872, the town became the terminus of the Caucasian railway, whence the line led direct to Tiflis (Tbilisi).

Chapel near the port of Poti

Modern history

established a trading factory, which proved to be short-lived. Genoese In the 14th century, the [6]

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