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Samuel Fenton Cary

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Title: Samuel Fenton Cary  
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Subject: United States presidential election, 1876, 40th United States Congress, Greenback Party vice-presidential nominees, 1880 Greenback National Convention, Alexander Long
Collection: 1814 Births, 1900 Deaths, American Temperance Activists, Burials at Spring Grove Cemetery, Farmers from Ohio, Greenback Party Vice-Presidential Nominees, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Ohio, Miami University Alumni, Ohio Greenbacks, Ohio Lawyers, Ohio Republicans, People from Cincinnati, Ohio, Politicians from Cincinnati, Ohio, Republican Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, United States Vice-Presidential Candidates, 1876, University of Cincinnati College of Law Alumni, Writers from Cincinnati, Ohio
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Samuel Fenton Cary

Samuel Fenton Cary (February 18, 1814 – September 29, 1900) was a congressman and significant temperance movement leader in the 19th century. Cary became well-known nationally as a prohibitionist author and lecturer.


Cary was born on February 18, 1814 in Cincinnati, Ohio. He graduated from Miami University in 1835 and at the Cincinnati Law School in 1837 being admitted to the bar the same year, practicing law out of his in office in Cincinnati. He was elected a judge in the Ohio State Supreme Court, but decided to pass the job up. Instead, he got the post of Paymaster General for the state of Ohio during the terms of Governors Mordecai Bartley and William Bebb.

He stopped working in law in 1845 to become a farmer and also to devote himself to temperance and anti-slavery groups. He gave lectures and wrote books on prohibition and slavery matters. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1864 supporting Abraham Lincoln for a second term who initially had won. Cary then became Collector of Internal Revenue for Ohio's first district in 1865.

In 1867, Cary was elected to the Fortieth Congress as an Independent Republican to represent Ohio's second district, taking seat November 21, 1867. This was caused by the resignation of future United States President Rutherford B. Hayes who had just been elected Governor of Ohio. There, he became the chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor. Cary had also been the only Republican to vote against the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson. He lost the election to the Forty-first Congress in 1868 to Job E. Stevenson.

In 1875, Cary ran for Lieutenant Governor of Ohio. At the time, Rutherford B. Hayes was running for a third term as Governor which he won. However, Cary lost his race to Thomas L. Young who would succeed to the governorship after Hayes resigned to become President of the United States.

Cary joined the Greenback Party and was the nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 1876 election after Newton Booth declined to run. He ran with [[

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