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Santiago Casares Quiroga

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Title: Santiago Casares Quiroga  
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Subject: Manuel Azaña, Republican Left (Spain), María Casares, Francisco Barnés Salinas, Juan Lluhí
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Santiago Casares Quiroga

Santiago Casares Quiroga
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
May 13, 1936 – July 19, 1936
President Manuel Azaña
Preceded by Augusto Barcia Trelles
Succeeded by Diego Martínez Barrio
Personal details
Born (1884-10-23)October 23, 1884
A Coruña, Spain
Died December 23, 1950(1950-12-23) (aged 66)
Paris, France
Nationality Spanish
Political party ORGA
Republican Left
Spouse(s) Gloria Pérez
Children María Casares
Occupation Lawyer

Santiago Casares y Quiroga (A Coruña, Galicia, 8 May 1884 – Paris, 17 February 1950) was Prime Minister of Spain from 13 May to 19 July 1936.[1]

Leader and founder of the Pact of San Sebastián in 1930, a platform composed of the principal parties of the republican opposition which aimed to bring down the monarchy of Alfonso XIII. He served as representative of the Galician Republican Federation, a republican group formed by his ORGA along with other Galician republican forces such as the Radical Party, the federalists and the radical-socialists.

In December 1930, he was sent clandestinely to Jaca as a delegate of the National Revolutionary Committee (CRN), to prevent Captain Fermín Galán Rodríguez from rising the Jaca garrison in advance of the date agreed by the CRN. Casares Quiroga did not arrive in time to stop Galán, and the rising took place without success. As a result, Casares Quiroga was imprisoned.

With the proclamation of the Manuel Azaña, Casares’ personal friend.

He was reelected to the Cortes in 1933, and in 1934 joined his party (now the Galician Republican Party) with Azaña’s and others to create the Catalonia and the Basque Country), which was approved on 28 June 1936.

He was serving as prime minister when the military uprising of 17 July 1936 took place, which then developed into the Spanish Civil War. Incapable of confronting the uprising, Casares resigned on 19 July and was replaced by Diego Martínez Barrio, whose government was never confirmed, and then definitely by José Giral. Historians have generally agreed that Casares refused to deliver arms to the revolutionary workers’ organizations as the right-wing uprising unfolded. The memoirs of his daughter María Casares denied this.

He did not hold any other office during the Civil War, and left for France along with Azaña and Martínez Barrio after the fall of Catalonia. He died in exile in 1950. He is the father of actress María Casares.


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  • Xenealoxí

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Preceded by
Argusto Barcía
Prime Minister of Spain
Succeeded by
Diego Martínez Barrio
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