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Savona

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Title: Savona  
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Savona

Savona
Sann-a
Comune
Comune di Savona
Panorama of Savona
Panorama of Savona
Flag of Savona
Flag
Savona is located in Italy
Savona
Location of Savona in Italy
Coordinates:
Country Italy
Region Liguria
Province Savona (SV)
Frazioni Bosco delle Ninfe, Ciantagalletto, Ciatti, Cimavalle, ConcaVerde, Galleria Ranco, Madonna del Monte, Maschio, Montemoro, Naso di Gatto, San Bartolomeo al Bosco, San Bernardo in Valle, Santuario
Government
 • Mayor Federico Berruti (PD)
Area
 • Total 65.55 km2 (25.31 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 4 m (13 ft)
Population (30 November 2014)[2]
 • Total 61,519
 • Density 940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Savonesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 17100
Dialing code 019
Patron saint Our Lady of Mercy
Saint day 18 March
Website Official website
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mercy.

Savona     (Ligurian: Sann-a French: Savone) is a seaport and comune in the northern Italian region of Liguria, capital of the Province of Savona, in the Riviera di Ponente on the Mediterranean Sea.

Savona used to be one of the chief seats of the Italian iron industry, having iron-works and foundries, shipbuilding, railway workshops, engineering shops, and a brass foundry.

One of the most celebrated former inhabitants of Savona was the navigator Christopher Columbus, who farmed land in the area while chronicling his journeys. 'Columbus's house', a cottage situated in the Savona hills, lay between vegetable crops and fruit trees. It is one of several residences in Liguria associated with Columbus.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Main sights 2
    • Churches 2.1
    • Towers and fortress 2.2
    • Palaces and other places of interest 2.3
  • Geography 3
    • Climate 3.1
  • Notable people 4
  • Events 5
  • Twin towns and sister cities 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
    • Notes 8.1
  • External links 9

History

Inhabited in ancient times by Ligures tribes, it came under Roman influence in c. 180 BC, after the Punic wars in which the city had been allied to Carthage. At the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it passed under Lombard rule in 641 AD (being destroyed in the attack) after a short period as an Ostrogoth and then Byzantine possession. Later it recovered as county seat in the Carolingian Empire. In the 10th century its bishops were counts of Savona, but later the countship passed to the marquesses of Monferrato (981) and afterwards to the marquesses Del Vasto (1084).

After a long struggle against the Saracens, Savona acquired independence in the 11th century, becoming a free municipality allied with the Emperor. Savona was the center of religious culture (13th to 16th centuries) due to the work of two important monasteries: Dominican and Franciscan. Subsequently it fought against Genoa before being definitively conquered in 1528. The Genoese destroyed the upper town and buried the port. It then shared the fortunes of the Republic of Genoa until Napoleonic times. Between April and mid-May 1800, Austrian forces besieged the city while a small British naval force maintained a blockade; the fortress surrendered on 15 May. Subsequently Savona was annexed to the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont (1815). eventually, it became part of unified Italy.

Main sights

Panorama of Savona and Priamar fortress

Churches

  • The Cattedrale dell'Assunta (Cathedral of Assunta), built after Genoese demolition of the old cathedral.
  • The Cappella Sistina (Sistine Chapel), adjacent to the Cathedral and built 1480-1483, it containing the Mausoleum erected by the Della Rovere Pope Sixtus IV to honor his parents, Leonardo Della Rovere and Luchina Monleone. The construction was commissioned by Giovanni D'Aria and his brother Michele. The chapel is architecturally similar to the chapel dedicated to the Cardinal Pietro Riario in the Basilica of the Santi Apostoli, Rome. After years of deterioration, in 1765-1767 a reconstruction was ordered by the Genovese Doge Francesco Maria Della Rovere. This updated the chapel in a Rococo style, with ceiling painted by Paolo Gerolamo Brusco. The Cathedral has a noteworthy 16th-century carved wooden choir seats.
  • The church of Nostra Signora di Castello (Our Lady of the Castle) has a large altarpiece by Vincenzo Foppa and Ludovico Brea painted in 1490.
  • The Sanctuary of Nostra Signora della Misericordia (Our Lady of Mercy).

Towers and fortress

  • The Torre Leon Pancaldo (Leon Pancaldo Tower), built in the 14th century and also known as "Torretta", is the symbol of the town.
  • The Torre del Brandale (Brandale Tower), also known as Campanassa (Commune tower, where the freedom declaration of Savona was signed in 1191) and towers Corsi and Riario.
  • The Priamar fortress, built by the Genoese in 1542 after their conquest of Savona, on the area of the old cathedral and old city and later used as a prison and military priso. Inside the fortress there is the Museum Centre of Priamar.

Palaces and other places of interest

  • The Palazzo Della Rovere (Della Rovere Palace), built by Cardinal Giulio della Rovere (future Pope Julius II) and designed by Giuliano da Sangallo as a university.
  • The Palazzo Gavotti (Gavotti Palace), built in the 15th century. Inside the palace there is the Art Museum of Palazzo Gavotti that contains the Pinacoteca of Savona, the artwork of Fondazione Museo di Arte Contemporanea Milena Milani in memoria di Carlo Cardazzo and the new Ceramic Museum.
  • The Palazzo Delle Piane (Delle Piane Palace), the most important building in liberty style of Savona.
  • In neighbourhood of Savona remains a house documented as property of Domenico Colombo, father of Christopher Columbus, where they lived for many years (Christopher Columbus lived in Savona for much of his youth).

Geography

The town is situated 40 kilometres (25 miles) west of Genoa and circa 150 km (93 mi) (east) of Nice, in France, on the western Italian Riviera, between the Ligurian Sea and the Ligurian Alps.

Climate

Savona has a Mediterranean climate (Csa).

The average yearly temperature is around 19 °C (66 °F) during the day and 12 °C (54 °F) at night. In the coldest months: January, February and December, the average temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) during the day and 5 °C (41 °F) at night. In the warmest month – July and August – the average temperature is 28 °C (82 °F) during the day and 20 °C (68 °F) at night. Generally, a typical summer season lasts about 4 to 6 months, from May/June to September/October. The daily temperature range is limited, with an average range of about 7 °C (45 °F) between high and low temperatures. Rain occurs mainly in autumn, the summers being generally dry. Sunshine hours total above 2,097 per year, from an average 4 hours of sunshine duration per day in winter to average 9 hours in summer. Savona usually sees snow once or twice per year.

Climate data for Savona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
11.6
(52.9)
14.2
(57.6)
17.6
(63.7)
20.9
(69.6)
25
(77.0)
28
(82.4)
27.8
(82.0)
24.7
(76.5)
20.1
(68.2)
14.7
(58.5)
11.6
(52.9)
18.9
(66.0)
Average low °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
5.2
(41.4)
7.6
(45.7)
10.5
(50.9)
13.8
(56.8)
17.3
(63.1)
20.1
(68.2)
20
(68.0)
17.6
(63.7)
13.5
(56.3)
8.6
(47.5)
5.8
(42.4)
12.1
(53.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 74
(2.9)
79
(3.1)
94
(3.7)
66
(2.6)
71
(2.8)
41
(1.6)
20
(.8)
48
(1.9)
71
(2.8)
107
(4.2)
97
(3.8)
61
(2.4)
828
(32.6)
Source: Enea[3]

Notable people

Events

  • The Carnival, with a parade in the centre of the town, the typical costume of Savona is Cicciulin.
  • The Patron saint's festival of Nostra Signora della Misericordia, on 18 March.
  • The Holy Friday, with a spectacular procession in streets of the city which takes place every two years.
  • The Santa Lucia fair in the central street of Via Paleocapa on 13 December.
  • The Confuoco (in local dialect U Confeugu), it takes place the last Sunday before Christmas in the square of Sisto IV.

Twin towns and sister cities

Savona is twinned with:

See also

References

  • Genoa Airport :: What to see :: Varazze
  • Savona Web
  • Confrateernita di S. Domenico

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

External links

  1. ^ Elevation above sea-level of the casa comunale (town hall), see comune:Savona
  2. ^ Istat
  3. ^ "Savona weather averages". Enea. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 

Notes

  • Scovazzi, Italo; Filippo Noberasco. Storia di Savona, vicende di una vita bimillenaria (in Italian). Sabatelli. 

 

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