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Shadow congressperson

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Title: Shadow congressperson  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mike Panetta, Paul Strauss, Florence Pendleton, Jesse Jackson, DC-FedRep
Collection: Home Rule and Voting Rights of the District of Columbia, Legislative Branch of the United States Government
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Shadow congressperson

The offices of shadow U.S. Representative and shadow U.S. Senator are elective offices in the

  • A Brief History of the Shadow Senators of the United States
  • Washington Post article on shadow delegation
  • Official Site of District of Columbia
  • Shadow Congressional Representatives contact information

External links

  1. ^ a b  
  2. ^ Sheridan, Mary Beth (2008-05-29). "D.C. Seeks to Fund Lobbying Effort for a Voting House Member". The Washington Post. p. B01. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  3. ^ Election profiles Michael D. Brown (D), The Washington Post, 2006, retrieved, September 30, 2012.
  4. ^ Sullivan, Patricia (February 18, 2010). "Ray Browne, fought for D.C. voting rights, dies at 71". The Washington Post. 
  5. ^ "District of Columbia Election Results". New York Times. Dec 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Franklin for DC". Franklin Garcia for DC. Jan 2, 2015. 


See also

List of District of Columbia Shadow U.S. Representatives

DC's Shadow U.S. Representative should not be confused with the non-voting delegate who represents the District in Congress.

The voters of the District of Columbia elect one Shadow Representative who is recognized as equivalent to U.S. Representatives by the District of Columbia, but is not recognized by the U.S. government as an actual member of the House of Representatives. A shadow representative was first elected in 1990. The current shadow representative is Franklin Garcia.

Shadow Representative

List of District of Columbia Senators (Seat 2)

List of District of Columbia Senators (Seat 1)

The shadow U.S. Senators for the 110th United States Congress (2007–2009) are Paul Strauss and Michael D. Brown.[3]

The voters of the District of Columbia elect two shadow U.S. Senators who are known as U.S. Senators by the District of Columbia, but who are not officially sworn or seated by the U.S. Senate. Shadow senators were first elected in 1990.

Shadow Senator

Current District of Columbia officeholders


  • Current District of Columbia officeholders 1
    • Shadow Senator 1.1
      • List of District of Columbia Senators (Seat 1) 1.1.1
      • List of District of Columbia Senators (Seat 2) 1.1.2
    • Shadow Representative 1.2
      • List of District of Columbia Shadow U.S. Representatives 1.2.1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

The first shadow senators, William Blount and William Cocke of the Southwest Territory, were elected in March 1796, before being seated as senators representing the newly formed state of Tennessee. Michigan, California, Minnesota, Oregon, and Alaska likewise elected shadow senators before statehood. The Alaska Territory also elected the first shadow U.S. Representative, Ralph Julian Rivers, in 1956. All were eventually seated in Congress as voting members, except for Alaska Shadow Sen. William A. Egan, who instead became governor.[1] The election of shadow congresspersons from the District of Columbia is authorized by a "state" constitution, which was ratified by D.C. voters in 1982 but was never approved by Congress.[2]


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