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Tata, Hungary

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Title: Tata, Hungary  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Dóra Lőwy, Ottó Bláthy, Sámuel Mikoviny, Slavko Wolf, Archduke Karl of Austria-Este
Collection: Populated Places in Komárom-Esztergom County
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Tata, Hungary

Tata




Coat of arms of Tata
Coat of arms
Tata is located in Hungary
Tata
Location of Tata, Hungary
Coordinates:
Country  Hungary
County Komárom-Esztergom
Government
 • Mayor József Michl (Fidesz)
Area
 • Total 78.17 km2 (30.18 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 24,906
 • Density 309/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2890
Area code(s) 34
Aerialphotography of the fortress
Esterházy palace
Belfry of Tata

Tata (Latin: Dotis) is a town in northwestern Hungary, Komárom-Esztergom county, 9 km (6 mi) northwest from the county seat Tatabánya.

Contents

  • Location 1
  • Demographics 2
  • History 3
  • Main sights 4
  • Twin towns — Sister cities 5
  • References 6
  • Notes 7
  • External links 8

Location

Tata is located in the valley between the Gerecse Mountains and Vértes Mountains, some 70 km (43 mi) from Budapest, the capital. By virtue of its location, the city is a railway and road junction. Motorway M1 (E60, E75) from Vienna to Budapest passes through the outer city limits, and the railway line Budapest–Vienna goes through the city.

Demographics

According to the 2001 census, the town has 23,937 inhabitants: 93.3% Hungarians, 1.6% Germans, 0.6% Roma, 0.2% Slovaks and 6.5% other. [1]

History

The area has been inhabited since prehistoric times; archaeological findings date back to 50,000 BCE. Later it was a Roman settlement.

The first known mention of Tata is from 1221. Its castle was built by the Lackfi family and had its prime under Matthias Corvinus, who had it rebuilt in a Renaissance style.

In 1526 when the disastrous battle with the Turks happened and Louis II died in the battlefield, Count György Cseszneky was the castellan of the Castle Tata. The plundering Ottoman army ransacked the area, but Cseszneky successfully defended the castle.

During the Ottoman occupation, the castle of Tata was an important fortress. It was captured in 1543 by the Turks. During this period the castle had many different owners until it was burned down by the Habsburgs in retaliation for the Rákóczi's War of Independence.

In 1727, Count József Esterházy bought Tata and the surrounding villages. The town prospered, in 1765 it already had a secondary school.

According to the article in the Pallas Lexicon about Tata in 1851, the town was a "pretty and developing village in the Tata district of Komárom comitatus; 895 buildings, 6925 mostly Hungarian residents (3633 Roman Catholics, 2518 Lutherans and 673 Israelites), centre of the district, with secondary school, railway station, post office. Tata and the adjoining village Tóváros (4257 residents) are built around a large lake, Tata on the hillside, Tóváros on the plain. Between them there is the Esterházy mansion and an old castle with archive and gallery including a painting of Leonardo da Vinci. The theatre was built in 1889. The mansion is surrounded by the beautiful English garden (140 hectares)."[2]

In 1938, the village of Tóváros was annexed to Tata, which was renamed Tatatóváros for a short while; one year later it was named Tata again. It was granted town status in 1954.

Main sights

  • Castle next to the Öreg-tó (Old Lake)
  • The Esterházy Palace
  • Heroes' Square with World War I monument and synagogue
  • Kossuth Square with town hall
  • The parish church of Tata
  • The Capuchin church
  • Calvary Hill
  • Lookout tower
  • Water mills
  • Belfry
  • The English Park
  • False ruins
  • Fényes Bath

Twin towns — Sister cities

Tata, Hungary is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ "4.1.11 Population by ethnicity". 
  2. ^ Pallas Lexicon

Notes

  • Neal Bedford and Lisa Dunford [2]. Lonely Planet, 2009, p. 159-162.

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official website
  • Tata photo gallery
  • Tata at funiq.hu
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