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United States casualties of war

This article lists the United States of America's military dead, wounded, and missing person totals for wars and major deployments.

Overview

War or Conflict Date Total US Deaths Wounded Total US Dead
& Wounded
Missing Sources & Notes
Combat Other Total
American Revolutionary War 1775–1783 8,000 25,000 25,000 50,000
Northwest Indian War 1785–1796 1056+ 1056+ 825+ 1881+ [1][2][3]
Quasi-War 1798–1800 20 494[4] 514 42 556 [4][5]
First Barbary War 1801–1805 35 39 74 64 138 [6][7][8][9]
Other actions against pirates 1800–1900 36 158+[10] 194+ 100+ 294+ [5][11][12][b]
Chesapeake–Leopard Affair 1807 3 0 3 18 21 [5]
War of 1812 1812–1815 2,260 ~12740 ~15,000 4,505 ~20,000 [13]
Marquesas Expedition 1813–1814 4 4 3 7 [7]
Second Barbary War 1815 4 134[14] 138 10 148 [15]
First Seminole War 1817–1818 47 47 36 83 [16]
First Sumatran Expedition 1832 2 2 11 13 [5]
Black Hawk War 1832 47 258[17][18] 305 85 390 [19]
Second Seminole War 1835–1842 328 1207 1535 [20]
Mexican–American War 1846–1848 1,733 11,550 13,283 4,152 17,435 [21]
Cayuse War 1847-1856 40 1 41 74 115 [22]
Rogue River Wars 1851-1856 190 6 196 293 489 [23]
Yakima War 1855-1856 32 2 34 92 126 [24]
Third Seminole War 1855–1858 26 26 27 53 [25]
Coeur d'Alene War 1858 36 36 60 96 [26]
Civil War: total 1861–1865 214,938 400K-500K ~625,000 [c][27][not specific enough to verify]
Union 140,414 224,097 364,511 281,881 646,392
Confederate 74,524 ~225,000 ~299,524
Dakota War of 1862
(Little Crow's War)
1862 70–113 70–113 150 220–263 [28][29][30][31]
Shimonoseki Straits 1863 4–5[5][32] 0 4–5 6[5] 10 [5][32]
Snake Indian War 1864–1868 30 30 128 158 [24]
Indian Wars 1865–1898 919 1,025 [21]
Red Cloud's War 1866–1868 126 126 100 226 [33][34][35]
Korea (Shinmiyangyo) 1871 3 3 9 12 [36]
Modoc War 1872–1873 56 56 88 144 [37][38]
Great Sioux War 1875–1877 314 314 211 525 [39][40]
Nez Perce War 1877 134 134 157 291 [41][42]
Bannock War 1878 12 0 12 22 34 [43][44]
Ute War 1879 15 0 15 52 67 [43][45]
Sheepeater Indian War 1879 1 1 10 11 [43]
Samoan crisis 1887-1889 0 62 62 62 [46]
Ghost Dance War 1890–1891 35 35 64 99 [47][48]
Sugar Point
Pillager Band of Chippewa Indians
1898 7 0 7 16 23 0 [49]
Spanish–American War 1898 385 2,061 2,446 1,622 4,068 [21]
Philippine–American War 1898–1913 1,020 3,176 4,196 2,930 7,126 [21]
Boxer Rebellion 1900–1901 68 63 131 204 335 0 [50]
Santo Domingo Affair 1904 1 0 1 2 3 [5]
United States occupation of Nicaragua 1910, 1912-1925, 1927-1933 90 69 159 290 449 [51][52]>[53]
Mexican Revolution 1914–1919 120 61 181 319 500 [54]
Occupation of Haiti 1915–1934 10 138 148 26+ 184+ [5][55]
World War I 1917–1918 53,402 63,114 116,516 204,002 320,518 3,350 [21][d]
North Russia Campaign 1918–1920 424 [56]
American Expeditionary Force Siberia 1918–1920 160 168 328 52+ 380+ [57]
China 1918; 1921; 1926–1927; 1930; 1937 5 78 83 [51]
World War II 1941–1945 291,557 113,842 405,399 670,846 1,076,245 30,314 [21]See Note DA below
Greek Civil War 1944-1949 1 5 6 6 [58]
Chinese Civil War 1945–1950 14 150 164 51 215 [58]
Berlin Blockade 1948–1949 31 [59]
Korean War 1950–1953 33,686 2,830 36,516 92,134 128,650 4,759 Note: 4,759 MIA-See Note E below
U.S.S.R. Cold War 1947–1991 32 12 44 [51]
China Cold War 1950–1972 16 16 [51]
Vietnam War 1955–1975 47,424 10,785 58,209 153,303 211,454 2,489[60] [21][61]
1958 Lebanon crisis 1958 1[62] 5[62][63] 6 1+[64] 7+ [65]
Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961 4 4 4 [66]
Dominican Republic 1965–1966 27 20 47 283 330 [51][58][67]
Iran 1980 0 8 8 4 12 0 [68]
El Salvador Civil War 1980–1992 22 15 37 35 [69][70][71][72]
Beirut deployment 1982–1984 256 266 169 [73]
Persian Gulf escorts 1987–1988 39 0 39 31
Invasion of Grenada 1983 18 1 19 119 [73]
1986 Bombing of Libya 1986 2 0 2 0 2 [74]
Invasion of Panama 1989 23 40 324 [73]
Gulf War 1990–1991 149 145 294 849 1,143 0[75] [76]
Operation Provide Comfort 1991-1996 1 18 19 4 23 [77][78]
Somalia 1992–1993 29 14 43 153 [73]
Haiti 1994–1995 1 4 3 [73]
Colombia 1994–present 0 8[79][80] 8 [81]
Bosnia-Herzegovina 1995–2004 7 5 12 6 [82]
NATO bombing of Yugoslavia 1999 1

20

20 2+ 22+ 0 [83]
Afghanistan War 2001–present 1,742 471 2,229 18,675 20,904 1 [f][84][85]
Iraq War 2003–2011 3,527 961 4,488 32,222 36,710 2 [84]
War on Terror: Afghanistan and Iraq Wars total 2001–present 5,281 1,432 6,717 50,897 57,614 3 [86]
Grand Total 1775–present 848,163 433,161 1,321,612 1,531,036 2,717,991 38,159

Wars ranked by total number of US military deaths

Rank War Years Deaths Deaths per Day US Population in First Year of War Deaths per Population
1 American Civil War 1861–1865 625,000 420 31,443,000 1.988% (1860)
2 World War II 1941–1945 405,399 416 133,402,000 0.307% (1940)
3 World War I 1917–1918 116,516 279 103,268,000 0.110% (1920)
4 Vietnam War 1961–1975 58,209 11 179,323,175 (1960) 0.030% (1970)
5 Korean War 1950–1953 36,516 45 151,325,000 0.020% (1950)
6 American Revolutionary War 1775–1783 25,000 11 2,500,000 0.899% (1780)
7 War of 1812 1812–1815 15,000 15 8,000,000 0.207% (1810)
8 Mexican–American War 1846–1848 13,283 29 21,406,000 0.057% (1850)
9 War on Terror 2001–present 6,717 1.57 294,043,000 0.002% (2010)
10 Philippine–American War 1899–1902 4,196 3.8 72,129,001 0.006% (1900)

"Deaths per day" is the total number of US military killed, divided by the number of days between the dates of the commencement and end of hostilities. "Deaths per population" is the total number of US military deaths, divided by the US population of the year indicated.

Total American Deaths by War
American Civil War
  
625,000
World War II
  
405,399
World War I
  
116,516
Vietnam
  
58,151
Korean War
  
36,516
American Revolutionary War
  
25,000
War of 1812
  
15,000
Mexican American War
  
13,283
War on terror* present
  
6,717
Philippine–American War
  
4,196

Wars ranked by US combat deaths

Rank War Years Deaths
1 World War II 1941–1945 291,557
2 American Civil War 1861–1865 212,938
3 World War I 1917–1918 53,402
4 Vietnam War 1955–1975 47,424
5 Korean War 1950–1953 33,746
6 American Revolutionary War 1775–1783 8,000
7 War on Terror 2001–present 5,281 [87]
8 War of 1812 1812–1815 2,260
9 Mexican–American War 1846–1848 1,733
10 Northwest Indian War 1785–1795 1,221+
American Combat Deaths by War
World War II
  
291,557
American Civil War
  
212,938
World War I
  
53,402
Vietnam
  
47,424
Korean War
  
33,746
American Revolutionary War
  
8,000
War on terror*
  
5,281
War of 1812
  
2,260
Mexican American War
  
1,733
Northwest Indian War
  
1,221+

Notes

a. ^ Revolutionary War: All figures from the Revolutionary War are rounded estimates. Commonly cited casualty figures provided by the Department of Defense are 4,435 killed and 6,188 wounded, although the original government report that generated these numbers warned that the totals were incomplete and far too low.[88] Nevertheless, the numbers are often repeated without this warning, such as on the United States Department of Veteran Affairs website.[89] In 1974, historian Howard Peckham and a team of researchers came up with a total of 6,824 killed in action and 8,445 wounded. Because of incomplete records, Peckham estimated that this new total number of killed in action was still about 1,000 too low.[90] Military historian John Shy subsequently estimated the total killed in action at 8,000, and argued that the number of wounded was probably far higher, about 25,000.[91] The "other" deaths are primarily from disease, including prisoners who died on British prison ships.

b. ^ Other Actions Against Pirates: Includes actions fought in the West Indies, the Greek Isles, off of Louisiana, China and Vietnam. Other deaths resulted from disease and accidents.

c. ^ Civil War: All Union casualty figures, and Confederate killed in action, from The Oxford Companion to American Military History.[21] Estimate of total Confederate dead from James M. McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom (Oxford University Press, 1988), 854.

d. ^ World War I figures include expeditions in North Russia and Siberia. See also World War I casualties

da.6,061.

e. gives figures as In-theatre/non theater} After their retreat in 1950, dead Marines and soldiers were buried at a temporary gravesite near Hungnam, North Korea. During "Operation Glory" which occurred from July to November 1954 the dead of each side were exchanged; remains of 4,167 US soldiers/Marines were exchanged for 13,528 North Korean/Chinese dead.[94] After "Operation Glory" 416 Korean War "unknowns" were buried in the Punchbowl Cemetery. According to a DPMO white paper [95] 1,394 names were also transmitted during "Operation Glory" from the Chinese and North Koreans {of whom 858 names proved to be correct}; of the 4,167 returned remains were found to be 4,219 individuals of whom 2,944 were found to be Americans of whom all but 416 were identified by name. Of 239 Korean War unaccounted for: 186 not associated with Punchbowl unknowns {176 were identified and of the remaining 10 cases 4 were non-Americans of Asiatic descent; one was British; 3 were identified and 2 cases unconfirmed}; Of 10 Korean War "Punchbowl Unknowns" 6 were identified. The W.A. Johnson listing of 496 POWs-including 25 Civilians [96]-who died in North Korea can be found here-[97] and here[98]

According to report of June 24, 2008 at [99]

  • Number of remains total unaccounted for: 8,055
  • Number of remains repatriated are: 489 of whom 100 are identified

Update on report of July 6, 2010 at [100]

  • Number of remains total unaccounted for: 8,028 {6184 US Army; 910 USAF; 278 US NAVY; 656 USMC}
  • Number of remains total identified are: 134 {117 US Army; 10 USAF; 1 US Navy: 6 USMC}

Update of report of October 26, 2011 at [101]

  • Number of remains total unaccounted for: 7,983
  • Number of remains either repatriated from North/South Korea; China; Japan or disinterred from Punchbowl cemetery: 678 of which the number have been identified from 1982 to 2011: 174

Update of report as of December 21, 2011: Listed as MIA: 7,973 at [102]

ea. ^ Cold War – Korea and Vietnam and Middle East-additional US Casualties:

  • North Korea {Cold War} 1959:1968-1969;1976;1984 killed 41; Wounded 5; 82 captured/released.[103]
  • USS Liberty incident 1967 killed 34; Wounded 173 by Israeli armed forces
  • Vietnam War prior to 1964-US Casualties were Laos-2 killed in 1954; and Vietnam 1946–1954 2 killed see;[104]

f. ^ Iraq War. See also Casualties of the conflict in Iraq since 2003. Sources: .[105]

g. ^ Afghanistan. Casualties include those that occurred in Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guantanamo Bay (Cuba), Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Philippines, Seychelles, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Yemen.

h. ^ Civil War April 2, 2012 Doctor David Hacker after extensive research offered new casualty rates higher by 20%; his work has been accepted by the academic community and is represented here.

See also

References

External links

  • Louisiana State University's statistical summary of major American wars
  • Washington Post database of all U.S. service-member casualties
  • CNN list of U.S. Casualties in Iraq since 2003.
  • Complete list of U.S. Casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan since 2003.
  • VA
  • DoD historical death tolls
  • Twentieth Century Atlas – Death Tolls
  • Iraq Casualties
  • Navy and Marine death tolls
  • Iraq and Afghanistan Casualty Count
  • The McGavock Confederate Cemetery at Franklin, TN
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