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World Chess Championship 1894

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Title: World Chess Championship 1894  
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Subject: List of world chess championships, World Chess Championship, Wilhelm Steinitz, Emanuel Lasker, Joseph Henry Blackburne, Timeline of chess, Development of the World Chess Championship
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World Chess Championship 1894

The fifth World Chess Championship was held in New York (games 1-8), Philadelphia (games 9-11) and Montreal (games 12-19) between March 15 and May 26, 1894. Holder William Steinitz lost his title to challenger Emanuel Lasker, who was 32 years his junior.

Buildup

Reigning World Champion Steinitz publicly spoke of retiring, but changed his mind when Emanuel Lasker challenged him. Initially Lasker wanted to play for $5,000 a side and a match was agreed at stakes of $3,000 a side, but Steinitz agreed to a series of reductions when Lasker found it difficult to raise the money, and the final figure was $2,000 each, which was less than for some of Steinitz's earlier matches (the final combined stake of $4,000 would be worth about $495,500 at 2007 values[1]). Although this was publicly praised as an act of sportsmanship on Steinitz's part,[2] Steinitz may have desperately needed the money.[3]


Results

The first player to win ten games would be champion.

World Chess Championship Match 1894
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Wins Total
 Emanuel Lasker (Germany) 1 0 1 0 = = 1 1 1 1 1 = 0 0 1 1 0 = 1 10 12
 William Steinitz (United States) 0 1 0 1 = = 0 0 0 0 0 = 1 1 0 0 1 = 0 5 7

Lasker won the Championship.

Steinitz had previously declared he would win without doubt, so it came as a shock when Lasker won the first game. Steinitz responded by winning the second, and was able to maintain the balance until the sixth. However, Lasker won all the games from the seventh to the 11th, and Steinitz asked for a one-week rest. When the match resumed, Steinitz looked in better shape and won the 13th and 14th games. Lasker struck back in the 15th and 16th, and Steinitz was unable to compensate for his losses in the middle of the match. Hence Lasker won with ten wins, five losses and four draws.[4][5] Some commentators thought Steinitz's habit of playing "experimental" moves in serious competition was a major factor in his downfall.[6]

References

External links

  • Source
  • Preview in the New York Times, Mar 11 1894 (pdf file)
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