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Ḏāl

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Ḏāl

Ḏāl (ذ, also be transcribed as dhāl) is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being ṯāʾ, ḫāʾ, ḍād, ẓāʾ, ġayn). In Modern Standard Arabic it represents /ð/. In name and shape, it is a variant of dāl (د). Its numerical value is 700 (see abjad numerals).

Depending on its position in the word, ḏāl is written is several ways:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ذ ـذ ـذ ذ

The South Arabian alphabet retained a symbol for , .

When representing this sound in transliteration of Arabic into Hebrew, it is written as ד׳.

This sound is found in English, as in the words "those" or "then". In English the sound is normally rendered "dh" when transliterated from foreign languages, but when it occurs in English words it is one of the pronunciations occurring for the letters "th".

Pronunciations

Between and within contemporary varieties of Arabic,

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