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𒀭

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𒀭

Dingir (usually transliterated diĝir, pronounced /diŋir/) is a cuneiform sign, most commonly the determinative for "deity" although it has related meanings as well. As a determinative, it is not pronounced, and is conventionally transliterated as a superscript "D" as in e.g. DInanna. Generically, dingir can be translated as "god" or "goddess".[1]

The sign in .

The concept of "divinity" in Sumerian is closely associated with the heavens, as is evident from the fact that the cuneiform sign doubles as the ideogram for "sky", and that its original shape is the picture of a star. The original association of "divinity" is thus with "bright" or "shining" hierophanies in the sky. A possible loan relation of Sumerian dingir with Turkic Tengri "sky, sky god" has been suggested.[4]

Cuneiform sign


Sumerian

The Sumerian sign DIĜIR emesal pronunciation was dimer.

The plural of diĝir can be diĝir-diĝir, among others.

Assyrian

Assyrian sign DIĜIR could mean:

  • the Akkadian nominal stem il- meaning "god" or "goddess", derived acrophonically from the Semitic ʾil-
  • the god Anum
  • the Akkadian word šamû meaning "sky"
  • the syllables an and il
  • a preposition meaning "at" or "to"
  • a determinative indicating that the following word is the name of a god

According to one interpretation, DINGIR could also refer to a priest or priestess although there are other Akkadian words ēnu and ēntu that are also translated priest and priestess. For example, nin-dingir (lady divine) meant a priestess who received foodstuffs at the temple of Enki in the city of Eridu.[5]

Digital encoding

The cuneiform sign is encoded in Unicode (as of version 5.0) under its name AN at U+1202D 𒀭.

See also

Ancient Near East portal

Notes

References

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