World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

1967 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth outbreak

Article Id: WHEBN0012785032
Reproduction Date:

Title: 1967 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth outbreak  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 2007 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth outbreak, 2001 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth outbreak, Agriculture in the United Kingdom, Foot-and-mouth outbreaks, Medical outbreaks in the United Kingdom
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

1967 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth outbreak

The 1967 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth outbreak was a major outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the United Kingdom. The only centre of the disease, in contrast to the three concentrated areas in the 2001 crisis, was on the Wales border with Shropshire.[1] France and other European countries were also affected by the crisis.[1]

Background

There were three official inquires into the foot-and-mouth epidemics and the Government’s response in the fifty years prior to the 1967 outbreak. These occurred in 1922, 1923-1924, and 1953.[2] In the 1950s, there was a substantial outbreak across the United Kingdom. Of the thirteen years leading up to the 1967 outbreak, there were only two years that there was no reported outbreak.[3] During this period, foot-and-mouth was prevalent across Europe.

Outbreak

In October 1967, a farmer from Bryn Farm in the county of Shropshire, concerned by the health of one of their sows, sought veterinary advice and the animal was found to have contracted foot-and-mouth disease. Bryn Farm was immediately put into quarantine and general animal movement was banned. The virus rapidly spread to the nearby Ellis Farm. Two cows from the latter had already been sent to market, leaving the farmers in a vulnerable position.[4] In the following months, over 2,364 outbreaks were detected in the United Kingdom.[5] Ninety-four percent of the cases occurred in North-West Midlands and North Wales.[6]

Reports

The Minister for Agriculture, Frederick Peart, appointed a committee to investigate the outbreak. The Report of the Committee of Inquiry on Foot-and-Mouth Disease part 1 and part 2 were published on 7 March 1969 and 3 November 1969.[7] This report became more commonly known as the Northumberland Report. It provided recommendations to keep the disease out of the country and plans for fighting the foot-and-mouth disease.[8]

Origins of the 1967-8 Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic was published by the Chief Veterinary Officer, John Reid, on 7 February 1968. This report described the lessons learned from the outbreak.[9]

Aftermath

After the outbreak, the United Kingdom adopted a policy to control imports from countries where foot-and-mouth is endemic. After creating this policy, the only outbreak to occur until 2001 was in 1981 on the Isle of Wight.[10]

Issues

Spread of disease

According to John Bennett, a young farmer at the time of the crisis at Manor Farm in Worcestershire, the disease was introduced into the county "when a local farmer fed skimmed milk, bought from Shropshire where the disease was raging out of control, to his pigs".[11]

Animal slaughter

Over the course of six months, 430,000 animals across 2300 farms were slaughtered.[1] The average number of animals that were slaughtered in each confirmed case was around 200.

Human transmission

The 1967 crisis saw the last reported case of human foot-and-mouth disease. The victim was a farm-worker who was believed to have contracted the virus by consuming contaminated milk. The disease was not life threatening and they were able to recover within several weeks.[12]

In popular culture

The outbreak was referenced by the villain Ernst Stavro Blofeld in the 1969 James Bond film On Her Majesty's Secret Service. It also featured in the drama series Heartbeat.

See also

Further reading

  • Reynolds, L; Tansey, E. Foot and mouth disease: the 1967 outbreak and its aftermath.  

References

  1. ^ a b c Brown, Paul (14 March 2001). "Crisis now worse than in 1967".  
  2. ^ "FMD: Comparisons with the 1967 FMD outbreak". Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs. 25 June 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2009. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Foot and Mouth disease - FMD". EDEN. Archived from the original on 2009-09-03. Retrieved 24 August 2009. 
  5. ^ Bowden, Hilary (21 February 2001). "Nobody knew who would be next".  
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ "1967: Remembering the epidemic".  
  12. ^ Mayor, Susan (5 May 2001). "UK investigates possible human cases of foot and mouth disease". Pub Med Central.  


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.