World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

24th United States Congress

 

24th United States Congress

24th United States Congress
23rd ← → 25th

United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1835 – March 4, 1837

Senate President: Martin Van Buren
Senate Pres. pro tem: William R. King
House Speaker: James K. Polk
Members: 52 Senators
242 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st: December 7, 1835 – July 4, 1836
2nd: December 5, 1836 – March 3, 1837

The Twenty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1835 to March 4, 1837, during the seventh and eighth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Treaties

States admitted and territories formed

Party summary

Senate

During this congress two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan.


House of Representatives

During this congress one House seat was added for each of the new states of Arkansas and Michigan.

Leadership

President of the Senate
Martin Van Buren

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

President pro tempore
William R. King

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1838; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1840; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

House of Representatives

Speaker of the House
James K. Polk

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • Replacements: 11
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 10-seat net gain
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 8
  • Interim appointments: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 16
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Louisiana
(2)
Vacant Elected to fill vacancy of Senator-elect Charles E.A. Gayarre, who resigned on account of ill-health Robert C. Nicholas (J) January 13, 1836
Connecticut
(1)
Nathan Smith (AJ) Died December 6, 1835 Appointed December 21, 1835, subsequently elected.
Illinois
(3)
Died December 12, 1835 Appointed December 30, 1835
Virginia
(1)
John Tyler (AJ) Resigned February 29, 1836 Elected March 4, 1836
Maine
(1)
Resigned March 3, 1836 Appointed December 7, 1836
New Hampshire
(3)
Resigned May 30, 1836 to become Governor of New Hampshire Elected June 8, 1836
Delaware
(1)
Arnold Naudain (AJ) Resigned June 16, 1836 Richard H. Bayard (AJ) Elected June 17, 1836
Virginia
(2)
Benjamin W. Leigh (AJ) Resigned July 4, 1836 Elected December 12, 1836
Arkansas
(2)
New seats Arkansas was admitted to the Union. William S. Fulton (J) Elected September 18, 1836
Arkansas
(3)
Maryland
(3)
Robert H. Goldsborough (AJ) Died October 5, 1836 John S. Spence (AJ) Elected December 31, 1836
North Carolina
(3)
Willie P. Mangum (AJ) Resigned November 26, 1836 Elected December 5, 1836
Delaware
(2)
John M. Clayton (AJ) Resigned December 29, 1836 Thomas Clayton (AJ) Elected January 9, 1837
Louisiana
(3)
Alexander Porter (AJ) Resigned January 5, 1837 due to ill health Elected January 12, 1837
Michigan
(1)
New seats Michigan was admitted to the Union. Elected January 26, 1837
Michigan
(2)

House of Representatives

  • Replacements: 18
    • Anti-Jacksonians: 5-seat net gain
    • Anti-Masonics: 1-seat net loss
    • Jacksonians: 2-seat net loss
    • Nullifiers: No net change
  • Deaths: 5
  • Resignations: 13
  • Contested election: 0
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 24
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
South Carolina 6th Vacant Rep. Warren R. Davis died during previous congress Waddy Thompson, Jr. (AJ) Seated September 10, 1835
Georgia At-large Vacant Rep. James M. Wayne resigned in previous congress Seated October 5, 1835
New York 3rd Resigned sometime in 1835 Seated November 4, 1835
Georgia At-large Resigned July 1, 1835 after being nominated for Governor of Georgia Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia At-large Resigned July 8, 1835 due to ill health Seated October 5, 1835
Georgia At-large Resigned July 25, 1835 to assist in the Cherokee Indian removal Seated October 5, 1835
Connecticut At-large Died December 10, 1835 Seated April 29, 1836
Pennsylvania 24th John Banks (AM) Resigned sometime in 1836 John J. Pearson (AJ) Seated December 5, 1836
South Carolina 4th James H. Hammond (N) Resigned February 26, 1836 because of ill health Franklin H. Elmore (N) Seated December 10, 1836
New York 17th Resigned March 29, 1836 Seated November 9, 1836
North Carolina 12th James Graham (AJ) Seat declared vacant March 29, 1836 James Graham (AJ Seated December 5, 1836
South Carolina 8th Died May 1, 1836 Seated December 19, 1836
Arkansas Territory
At-large
Seat was eliminated when Arkansas achieved statehood June 15, 1836
Connecticut At-large Resigned July 4, 1836 after being appointed to seat on the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut Seated December 5, 1836
Mississippi At-large David Dickson (AJ) Died July 31, 1836 Seated December 1, 1836
Arkansas
At-large
Vacant Arkansas was admitted to the Union on June 15, 1836 Seated August 1, 1836
Georgia At-large Resigned September 1, 1836 Julius C. Alford (AJ) Seated January 2, 1837
New York 30th Philo C. Fuller (AJ) Resigned September 2, 1836 John Young (AJ) Seated November 9, 1836
Georgia At-large Died September 25, 1836 William C. Dawson (AJ) Seated November 7, 1836
Pennsylvania 13th Resigned October 30, 1836 Seated December 5, 1836
New Jersey At-large Resigned November 3, 1836 after being chosen Governor of New Jersey William Chetwood (AJ) Seated December 5, 1836
Indiana 6th Died November 26, 1836 William Herod (AJ) Seated January 25, 1837
Virginia 2nd Resigned January 11, 1837 Vacant Not filled this congress
Michigan Territory
At-large
Seat was eliminated when Michigan achieved statehood January 26, 1837
Michigan
At-large
Vacant Michigan was admitted to the Union on January 26, 1837 Seated January 26, 1837
Wisconsin Territory
At-large
Vacant Wisconsin Territory was organized on April 3, 1836 Seated January 26, 1837

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.