World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

51st Parallel North

Article Id: WHEBN0018480236
Reproduction Date:

Title: 51st Parallel North  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Maritime fur trade, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Vitis amurensis, Fort Stikine, Hudson Bay
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

51st Parallel North

Line across the Earth
51°
51st parallel north

The 51st parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 51 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 16 hours, 33 minutes during the summer solstice and 7 hours, 55 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

The catchment area of London, the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, can be broadly defined by the 51st and 52nd parallels.

Around the world

Starting at the Prime Meridian (just north of the Sheffield Park Garden in East Sussex, England) and heading eastwards, the parallel 51° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
 United Kingdom England
Strait of Dover
 France Nord-Pas-de-Calais — passing just south of Dunkirk and the northernmost point of France
 Belgium Passing just south of Ghent
 Netherlands Limburg — for about 10 km
 Germany North Rhine-Westphalia — passing through northern Cologne
Hesse
Thuringia — passing through Erfurt
Saxony-Anhalt
Thuringia
Saxony — passing just south of Dresden
 Czech Republic
 Germany Saxony
 Poland For about 4 km
 Czech Republic
 Poland For about 3 km
 Czech Republic For about 3 km
 Poland Passing just south of Wrocław
 Ukraine
 Russia
 Kazakhstan
 Russia
 Kazakhstan For about 10 km
 Russia For about 9 km
 Kazakhstan
 Russia
 Kazakhstan
 Russia
 Kazakhstan
 Russia
 Kazakhstan
 Russia
 Kazakhstan For about 5 km
 Russia For about 2 km
 Kazakhstan For about 15 km
 Russia
 Mongolia
 Russia
 People's Republic of China Inner Mongolia
Heilongjiang
 Russia
Strait of Tartary
 Russia Island of Sakhalin
Sea of Okhotsk
 Russia Kamchatka Peninsula
Pacific Ocean Passing just south of Amatignak Island, Alaska,  United States
Passing just north of Vancouver Island, British Columbia,  Canada
 Canada British Columbia - passing through city of Revelstoke
Alberta — passing through city of Calgary
Saskatchewan
Manitoba
Ontario
Quebec
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
 Canada Newfoundland and Labrador — island of Newfoundland
Atlantic Ocean Passing just north of Groais Island, Newfoundland and Labrador,  Canada
 United Kingdom England — passing just north of Southampton

Russian America 1799–1824/25

In 1799 Paul I, Tsar of the Russian Empire, issued a ukase creating the Russian-American Company (RAC). It was granted monopolistic control north of the 55th parallel north, which had been the Russian claim since 1790, as well as the right to operate and occupy territory to the south as long as the lands had not been previously occupied, or dependent on any other nation.[2] In 1821 the RAC's charter was renewed and at the same time an ukase proclaimed that Russian sovereignty extended south to the 51st parallel, and that waters north of that line were closed to foreign shipping. The ukase was met with strong objections by the United States and Great Britain. Subsequent negotiations resulted in a clear and permanent boundary for Russian America, the southward terminus of which was established at 54°40′ north.[3]

See also


References

  1. ^ http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/Dur_OneYear.php
  2. ^ United States, Bering Sea Tribunal of Arbitration (1892). Fur-seal Arbitration: The Case of the United States before the Tribunal of Arbitration to convene at Paris under the provisions of the treaty between the United States of America and Great Britain, concluded February 29, 1892.  
  3. ^ Haycox, Stephen W. (2002). Alaska: An American Colony. University of Washington Press. pp. 1118–1122.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.