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51st Parallel North

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Title: 51st Parallel North  
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Subject: Maritime fur trade, Vostochny Cosmodrome, Vitis amurensis, Fort Stikine, Hudson Bay
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51st Parallel North

Line across the Earth
51st parallel north

The 51st parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 51 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 16 hours, 33 minutes during the summer solstice and 7 hours, 55 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

The catchment area of London, the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, can be broadly defined by the 51st and 52nd parallels.

Around the world

Starting at the Prime Meridian (just north of the Sheffield Park Garden in East Sussex, England) and heading eastwards, the parallel 51° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
 United Kingdom England
Strait of Dover
 France Nord-Pas-de-Calais — passing just south of Dunkirk and the northernmost point of France
 Belgium Passing just south of Ghent
 Netherlands Limburg — for about 10 km
 Germany North Rhine-Westphalia — passing through northern Cologne
Thuringia — passing through Erfurt
Saxony — passing just south of Dresden
 Czech Republic
 Germany Saxony
 Poland For about 4 km
 Czech Republic
 Poland For about 3 km
 Czech Republic For about 3 km
 Poland Passing just south of Wrocław
 Kazakhstan For about 10 km
 Russia For about 9 km
 Kazakhstan For about 5 km
 Russia For about 2 km
 Kazakhstan For about 15 km
 People's Republic of China Inner Mongolia
Strait of Tartary
 Russia Island of Sakhalin
Sea of Okhotsk
 Russia Kamchatka Peninsula
Pacific Ocean Passing just south of Amatignak Island, Alaska,  United States
Passing just north of Vancouver Island, British Columbia,  Canada
 Canada British Columbia - passing through city of Revelstoke
Alberta — passing through city of Calgary
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
 Canada Newfoundland and Labrador — island of Newfoundland
Atlantic Ocean Passing just north of Groais Island, Newfoundland and Labrador,  Canada
 United Kingdom England — passing just north of Southampton

Russian America 1799–1824/25

In 1799 Paul I, Tsar of the Russian Empire, issued a ukase creating the Russian-American Company (RAC). It was granted monopolistic control north of the 55th parallel north, which had been the Russian claim since 1790, as well as the right to operate and occupy territory to the south as long as the lands had not been previously occupied, or dependent on any other nation.[2] In 1821 the RAC's charter was renewed and at the same time an ukase proclaimed that Russian sovereignty extended south to the 51st parallel, and that waters north of that line were closed to foreign shipping. The ukase was met with strong objections by the United States and Great Britain. Subsequent negotiations resulted in a clear and permanent boundary for Russian America, the southward terminus of which was established at 54°40′ north.[3]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ United States, Bering Sea Tribunal of Arbitration (1892). Fur-seal Arbitration: The Case of the United States before the Tribunal of Arbitration to convene at Paris under the provisions of the treaty between the United States of America and Great Britain, concluded February 29, 1892.  
  3. ^ Haycox, Stephen W. (2002). Alaska: An American Colony. University of Washington Press. pp. 1118–1122.  
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