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76th United States Congress

76th United States Congress
75th ← → 77th

United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1941

Senate President: John N. Garner
Senate Pres. pro tem: Key Pittman
William H. King
House Speaker: William B. Bankhead
Sam Rayburn
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1939 – August 5, 1939
2nd: September 21, 1939 – November 3, 1939
3rd: January 3, 1940 – January 3, 1941

The Seventy-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1939 to January 3, 1941, during the seventh and eighth years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifteenth Census of the United States in 1930. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

  • Major events 1
  • Hearings 2
  • Major legislation 3
  • Party summary 4
    • Senate 4.1
    • House of Representatives 4.2
  • Leadership 5
    • Senate 5.1
      • Majority (Democratic) leadership 5.1.1
      • Minority (Republican) leadership 5.1.2
    • House 5.2
      • Majority (Democratic) leadership 5.2.1
      • Minority (Republican) leadership 5.2.2
  • Members 6
    • Senate 6.1
      • Alabama 6.1.1
      • Arizona 6.1.2
      • Arkansas 6.1.3
      • California 6.1.4
      • Colorado 6.1.5
      • Connecticut 6.1.6
      • Delaware 6.1.7
      • Florida 6.1.8
      • Georgia 6.1.9
      • Idaho 6.1.10
      • Illinois 6.1.11
      • Indiana 6.1.12
      • Iowa 6.1.13
      • Kansas 6.1.14
      • Kentucky 6.1.15
      • Louisiana 6.1.16
      • Maine 6.1.17
      • Maryland 6.1.18
      • Massachusetts 6.1.19
      • Michigan 6.1.20
      • Minnesota 6.1.21
      • Mississippi 6.1.22
      • Missouri 6.1.23
      • Montana 6.1.24
      • Nebraska 6.1.25
      • Nevada 6.1.26
      • New Hampshire 6.1.27
      • New Jersey 6.1.28
      • New Mexico 6.1.29
      • New York 6.1.30
      • North Carolina 6.1.31
      • North Dakota 6.1.32
      • Ohio 6.1.33
      • Oklahoma 6.1.34
      • Oregon 6.1.35
      • Pennsylvania 6.1.36
      • Rhode Island 6.1.37
      • South Carolina 6.1.38
      • South Dakota 6.1.39
      • Tennessee 6.1.40
      • Texas 6.1.41
      • Utah 6.1.42
      • Vermont 6.1.43
      • Virginia 6.1.44
      • Washington 6.1.45
      • West Virginia 6.1.46
      • Wisconsin 6.1.47
      • Wyoming 6.1.48
    • House of Representatives 6.2
      • Alabama 6.2.1
      • Arizona 6.2.2
      • Arkansas 6.2.3
      • California 6.2.4
      • Colorado 6.2.5
      • Connecticut 6.2.6
      • Delaware 6.2.7
      • Florida 6.2.8
      • Georgia 6.2.9
      • Idaho 6.2.10
      • Illinois 6.2.11
      • Indiana 6.2.12
      • Iowa 6.2.13
      • Kansas 6.2.14
      • Kentucky 6.2.15
      • Louisiana 6.2.16
      • Maine 6.2.17
      • Maryland 6.2.18
      • Massachusetts 6.2.19
      • Michigan 6.2.20
      • Minnesota 6.2.21
      • Mississippi 6.2.22
      • Missouri 6.2.23
      • Montana 6.2.24
      • Nebraska 6.2.25
      • Nevada 6.2.26
      • New Hampshire 6.2.27
      • New Jersey 6.2.28
      • New Mexico 6.2.29
      • New York 6.2.30
      • North Carolina 6.2.31
      • North Dakota 6.2.32
      • Ohio 6.2.33
      • Oklahoma 6.2.34
      • Oregon 6.2.35
      • Pennsylvania 6.2.36
      • Rhode Island 6.2.37
      • South Carolina 6.2.38
      • South Dakota 6.2.39
      • Tennessee 6.2.40
      • Texas 6.2.41
      • Utah 6.2.42
      • Vermont 6.2.43
      • Virginia 6.2.44
      • Washington 6.2.45
      • West Virginia 6.2.46
      • Wisconsin 6.2.47
      • Wyoming 6.2.48
      • Non-voting members 6.2.49
  • Changes in membership 7
    • Senate 7.1
    • House of Representatives 7.2
  • Employees 8
    • Senate 8.1
    • House of Representatives 8.2
Chaplain of the United States Senate ZeBarney Thorne Phillips delivering prayer to open the session

Major events

Hearings

Major legislation

Party summary

Senate

House of Representatives

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

Senate

Senators were popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives

The names of members are preceded by their districts.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Tennessee
(2)
Vacant Stewart was elected during previous term, but chose to remain as district attorney until term expired. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Tom Stewart (D)

January 16, 1939
Illinois
(2)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" J. Hamilton Lewis (D)

Died April 9, 1939. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election, which he subsequently won. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" James M. Slattery (D)

April 14, 1939
Kentucky
(2)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" M. M. Logan (D)

Died October 3, 1939. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election, which he subsequently won. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Happy Chandler (D)

October 10, 1939
Idaho
(2)
William E. Borah (R) Died January 19, 1940.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently won.
John W. Thomas (R) January 27, 1940
Vermont
(3)
Ernest W. Gibson (R) Died June 20, 1940.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
Ernest W. Gibson, Jr. (R) October 14, 1940
Minnesota
(2)
Ernest Lundeen (FL) Died August 31, 1940.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently won.
Joseph H. Ball (R) October 14, 1940
Nevada
(1)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Key Pittman (D)

Died November 10, 1940. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election, which he subsequently lost. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Berkeley L. Bunker (D)

November 27, 1940
Illinois
(2)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" James M. Slattery (D)

Resigned November 21, 1940. Successor was elected to finish term. Charles W. Brooks (R) November 22, 1940
Washington
(1)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Lewis B. Schwellenbach (D)

Resigned December 16, 1940 fter being appointed judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election, which he subsequently won. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Monrad Wallgren (D)

December 19, 1940

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Maryland 5th Vacant Rep. Stephen W. Gambrill died in previous Congress _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Lansdale Sasscer (D)

January 12, 1943
Arkansas 4th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" William B. Cravens (D)

Died January 13, 1939 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" William F. Cravens (D)

September 12, 1939
Pennsylvania 4th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" J. Burrwood Daly (D)

Died March 12, 1939 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" John E. Sheridan (D)

November 7, 1939
Tennessee 6th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Clarence W. Turner (D)

Died March 23, 1939 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" W. Wirt Courtney (D)

May 11, 1939
Maryland 1st _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Thomas A. Goldsborough (D)

Resigned April 5, 1939 after being appointed associate justice of the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" David J. Ward (D)

June 8, 1939
New York 34th Bert Lord (R) Died May 24, 1939 Edwin A. Hall (R) November 7, 1939
Georgia 4th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Emmett M. Owen (D)

Died June 21, 1939 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" A. Sidney Camp (D)

August 1, 1939
Wisconsin 3rd Harry W. Griswold (R) Died July 4, 1939 Vacant until the next Congress
Tennessee 3rd _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Sam D. McReynolds (D)

Died July 11, 1939 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Estes Kefauver (D)

September 13, 1939
California 18th Thomas M. Eaton (R) Died September 16, 1939 Vacant until the next Congress
South Carolina 1st _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Thomas S. McMillan (D)

Died September 29, 1939 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Clara G. McMillan (D)

November 7, 1939
Ohio 22nd Chester C. Bolton (R) Died October 29, 1939 Frances P. Bolton (R) February 27, 1940
Tennessee 2nd J. Will Taylor (R) Died November 14, 1939 John Jennings, Jr. (R) December 30, 1939
Puerto Rico At-large Santiago Iglesias (Coalitionist) Died December 5, 1939 Bolívar Pagán (Socialist) December 26, 1939
Colorado 3rd _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" John A. Martin (D)

Died December 23, 1939 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" William E. Burney (D)

November 5, 1940
Michigan 5th Carl E. Mapes (R) Died December 12, 1939 Bartel J. Jonkman (R) February 19, 1940
New York 14th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" William I. Sirovich (D)

Died December 17, 1939 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Morris M. Edelstein (D)

February 6, 1940
Ohio 17th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" William A. Ashbrook (D)

Died January 1, 1940 J. Harry McGregor (R) February 27, 1940
Nebraska 1st George H. Heinke (R) Died January 2, 1940 John H. Sweet (R) April 19, 1940
Tennessee 9th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Clift Chandler (D)

Resigned January 2, 1940 after being elected Mayor of Memphis _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Clifford Davis (D)

February 15, 1940
New York 31st Wallace E. Pierce (R) Died January 3, 1940 Clarence E. Kilburn (R) February 13, 1940
New York 22nd _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Edward W. Curley (D)

Died January 6, 1940 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Walter A. Lynch (D)

February 20, 1940
Iowa 6th Cassius C. Dowell (R) Died February 4, 1940 Robert K. Goodwin (R) March 5, 1940
Maine 2nd Clyde Smith (R) Died April 8, 1940 Margaret Chase Smith (R) June 3, 1940
Georgia 8th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" W. Benjamin Gibbs (D)

Died August 7, 1940 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Florence Reville Gibbs (D)

October 1, 1940
New Jersey 8th George N. Seger (R) Died August 26, 1940 Vacant until the next Congress
Alabama 7th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" William B. Bankhead (D)

Died September 15, 1940 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Zadoc L. Weatherford (D)

November 5, 1940
North Carolina 1st _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Lindsay C. Warren (D)

Resigned October 31, 1940 after being appointed Comptroller General of the United States _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Herbert C. Bonner (D)

November 5, 1940
Texas 18th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" John Marvin Jones (D)

Resigned November 20, 1940 to become judge of the United States Court of Claims Vacant until the next Congress
Louisiana 2nd _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Paul H. Maloney (D)

Resigned December 15, 1940 to become Collector of Internal Revenue for New Orleans District Vacant until the next Congress
Washington 2nd _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Monrad Wallgren (D)

Resigned December 19, 1940 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant until the next Congress
Missouri 11th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Thomas C. Hennings, Jr. (D)

Resigned December 31, 1940 to become candidate for Circuit Attorney of St. Louis Vacant until the next Congress

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

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