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Abakan (Russian: Абака́н uh-buh-KAHN) is a city in Khakassia, Russia.

Get in

By plane

airline destinations fleet
Krasair Krasnojarsk Airport Tupolev Tu-154
SIAT Noril'sk Airport Tupolev Tu-134, Tu-154
Vladivostok Air Dalian Airport, Krasnodar Airport, Moscow (Sheremetyevo Airport), Noril'sk Airport, Vladivostok Airport Tupolev Tu-154

By rail

The principal rail route is from Moscow with the fast Sayany train, journey time is 75 hours. The train departs Moskva Yaroslavsky station at 10:55PM and arrives 6PM three nights later. The train makes stop-overs in Yekaterinburg (45 h), Omsk (31 h) and Novosibirsk (22 h) along its way.

Get around


  • Holy Transfiguration Cathedral.
  • Good Angel of Peace sculpture.
  • Park of Topiary Art.






Go next


Abakan (English)
Абакан (Russian)
Ағбан (Khakas)
-  City[1]  -

Abakan City Administration building

Location of the Republic of Khakassia in Russia
Abakan is located in Khakassia
Location of Abakan in the Republic of Khakassia
Coat of arms
Anthem none[2]
City Day Second to last Saturday in August[3]
Administrative status (as of May 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Khakassia[1]
Administratively subordinated to City of Abakan[1]
Capital of Republic of Khakassia[1][4]
Administrative center of City of Abakan[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2014)
Urban okrug Abakan Urban Okrug[5]
Administrative center of Abakan Urban Okrug[5]
Head[6] Nikolay Bulakin[7]
Representative body Council of Deputies[6]
Population (2010 Census) 165,214 inhabitants[8]
Rank in 2010 109th
Population (January 2014 est.) 173,200 inhabitants[9]
Time zone KRAT (UTC+07:00)[10]
Founded 1675[11]
City status since April 30, 1931[12]
Postal code(s)[13] 655000–655012, 655014–655019, 655022, 655400, 655899, 655961, 655965, 655966
Dialing code(s) +7 3902
Official website

Abakan (Russian: Абакан; IPA: ; Khakas: Ағбан, Ağban) is the capital city of the Republic of Khakassia, Russia, located in the central part of Minusinsk Depression, at the confluence of the Yenisei and Abakan Rivers. As of the 2010 Census, it had a population of 165,214[8]—a slight increase over 165,197 recorded during the 2002 Census[14] and a further increase from 154,092 recorded during the 1989 Census.[15]


Abakansky ostrog (Абаканский острог), also known as Abakansk (Абаканск), was built at the mouth of the Abakan River in 1675.[11] In the 1780s, the selo of Ust-Abakanskoye (Усть-Абаканское) was established in this area.[11] It was granted town status and given its current name on April 30, 1931.[12]

Chinese exiles

In 1940, Russian construction workers found ancient ruins during the construction of a highway between Abakan and Askiz. When the site was excavated by Soviet archaeologists in 1941–1945, they realized that they had discovered a building absolutely unique for the area: a large (1500 square meters) Chinese-style, likely Han Dynasty era (206 BCE–220 CE) palace. The identity of the high-ranking personage who lived luxuriously in Chinese style, far outside of the borders of the Han Empire, has remained a matter for discussion ever since. Russian archaeologist L.A. Yevtyukhova surmised, based on circumstantial evidence, that the palace may have been the residence of Li Ling, a Chinese general who had been defeated by the Xiongnu in 99 BCE, and defected to them as a result.[16] While this opinion has remained popular, other views have been expressed as well. More recently, for example, it was claimed by A.A. Kovalyov as the residence of Lu Fang (盧芳), a Han throne pretender from the Guangwu era.[17]

Lithuanian exiles

In the late 18th and during the 19th century, Lithuanian participants in the 1794, 1830–1831, and 1863 rebellions against the Russian rule were exiled to Abakan. A group of camps was established where prisoners were forced to work in the coal mines. After Stalin's death, Lithuanian exiles from the nearby settlements moved in.[18]

Administrative and municipal status

Abakan is the capital of the republic.[1][19] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the City of Abakan—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts[1] As a municipal division, the City of Abakan is incorporated as Abakan Urban Okrug.[5]


The city has a river port, industry enterprises, Katanov State University of Khakasia, and three theatres. Furthermore, it has a commercial center that produces footwear, foodstuffs, and metal products.


Abakan (together with Tayshet) was a terminal of the major Abakan-Taishet Railway. Now it is an important railway junction.

The city is served by the Abakan International Airport.


The 100th Air Assault Brigade of the Russian Airborne Troops was based in the city until ca. 1996.[20]


Statue of Vladimir Lenin in Abakan
Abakan Cathedral of the Transfiguration

Abakan's sites of interest include Holy Transfiguration Cathedral, "Good Angel of Peace" sculpture, park of topiary art, and many others.


Bandy is the one of the most popular sports in the city. Sayany-Khakassia[21] was playing in the top-tier Super League in the 2012–13 season but was relegated for the 2013–14 season. Russian Government Cup was played here in 1988 and in 2012.


Abakan has a continental climate with semi-arid influences (Köppen climate classification "BSk"). Temperature differences between seasons are extreme, which is typical for Siberia. Precipitation is concentrated in the summer and is less common because of rain shadow from nearby mountains.

Climate data for Abakan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.0
Average high °C (°F) −13.9
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.3
Average low °C (°F) −22.8
Record low °C (°F) −45
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.6



  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #20
  2. ^ Article 7 of the Charter of Abakan lists a flag and a coat of arms but not an anthem among the symbols of the city
  3. ^ Charter of Abakan, Article 7
  4. ^ Munro 1995, p. 2
  5. ^ a b c Law #59
  6. ^ a b Charter of Abakan, Article 20
  7. ^ Official website of Abakan. Nikolay Genrikhovich Bulakin (Russian)
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^ Republic of Khakassia Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения на начало года (Russian)
  10. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  11. ^ a b c
  12. ^ a b Resolution of April 30, 1931
  13. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ Yevtyukhova 1954
  17. ^ Kovalyov 2007, p. 148
  18. ^ Juodvalkytė 2001
  19. ^ Hoiberg 1993, p. 7
  20. ^ Schofield 1993
  21. ^ Team picture of Sayany-Khakassia
  22. ^ Anon 2012a


  • Верховный Совет Республики Хакасия. Закон №20 от 5 мая 2004 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Хакасия», в ред. Закона №54-ЗРХ от 10 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Хакасия "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Хакасия"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вестник Хакасии", №22, 12 мая 2004 г. (Supreme Council of the Republic of Khakassia. Law #20 of May 5, 2004 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Khakassia, as amended by the Law #54-ZRKh of June 10, 2015 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Khakassia "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Khakassia". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication date.).
  • Верховный Совет Республики Хакасия. Закон №59 от 7 октября 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ муниципального образования город Абакан и наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №88-ЗРХ от 7 ноября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Хакасия "Об утверждении границ муниципального образования город Абакан и наделении его статусом городского округа"». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Вестник Хакасии", №48, 15 октября 2004 г. (Supreme Council of the Republic of Khakassia. Law #59 of October 7, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the City of Abakan and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status, as amended by the Law #88-ZRKh of November 7, 2014 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Khakassia "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the City of Abakan and on Granting It Urban Okrug Status". Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Абаканский городской Совет депутатов. Решение №222 от 28 декабря 2005 г. «Об утверждении устава города Абакан в новой редакции», в ред. Решения №256 от 22 сентября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Устав города Абакана». Вступил в силу 21 февраля 2006 г. Опубликован: "Абакан", №6, 15–21 февраля 2006 г. (Abakan City Council of Deputies. Decision #222 of December 28, 2005 On Adopting the New Edition of the Charter of the City of Abakan, as amended by the Decision #256 of September 22, 2015 On Amending and Supplementing the Charter of the City of Abakan. Effective as of February 21, 2006.).
  • Президиум Центрального исполнительного комитета СССР. Постановление от 30 апреля 1931 г. «О преобразовании села Усть-Абаканское, центра Хакасской автономной области, в город с переименованием его в "Абакан"». (Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR. Resolution of April 30, 1931 On the Transformation of the Selo of Ust-Abakanskoye, the Center of Khakas Autonomous Oblast, into a City and on Renaming It "Abakan". ).

External links

  • (Russian) Official website of Abakan
  • (Russian) Unofficial website of Abakan
  • Tourist Information Centre of the Republic of Khakassia
  • Abakan live cam
  • Abakan city streets views
  • (Turkish) [1] Beyaz Arif Akbas, "Khakassia: The Lost Land", Portland State Center for Turkish Studies, 2007
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