World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000083140
Reproduction Date:

Title: Abderus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hermes, Abdera, Thrace, LGBT themes in mythology, Heracles, List of Greek mythological figures
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


In Greek mythology Abderus or Abderos (Ancient Greek: Ἄβδηρος) was a divine hero, reputed by some to be one of Heracles's lovers (eromenoi), and reputedly a son of Hermes by some accounts, and eponym of Abdera, Thrace.[1]

The paternity of Abderus differs according to the sources. Some say he was the son of the god Hermes. But according to other writers, he was the son of Thromius the Locrian.[2] Still others claimed he was the son of Heracles's friend, Opian Menoetius, which would make Abderus a brother to Patroclus, the famous companion of Achilles who died at Troy. Pindar makes Abderus a son of Poseidon and Thronia.[3]

He is mostly known for his tragic role in Heracles' Eighth Labor. Along with others, he helped Heracles capture the four savage mares of Diomedes the king of the Thracian Bistones. Heracles overpowered the grooms and drove the Mares of Diomedes into the sea and left them in the care of Abderus. However, while Heracles was away, the horses devoured Abderus. In revenge, Heracles fed Diomedes alive to his own mares. Heracles founded the city of Abdera near Abderus's tomb, where agones (Greek: ἀγῶνες), athletic games consisting of boxing, pancratium and wrestling were held in his honor (but chariot races were banned in respect of how he died).

In some very different traditions, instead of helping Heracles with his Eighth Labor, Abderus (or Abdertis) was a servant of Diomedes, and was killed by Heracles together with his master and his four men-devouring horses.[4]


  1. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867), "Abderus", in Smith, William,  
  2. ^ Bibliotheke ii. 5.8; Strabo, Geographica vii. p. 331.
  3. ^ Pindar, Paean 2. 1
  4. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 30; cf. Philostratus, Heroicus 3. § 1 ; 10. § 2.


  • On the agones: Philostratus II 25.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.