World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Administrative divisions of South Africa

 

Administrative divisions of South Africa

The primary administrative divisions of South Africa are the nine provinces. The provinces are divided into metropolitan and district municipalities, with the district municipalities being further divided into local municipalities. Metropolitan and local municipalities are divided into wards.

Contents

  • Provinces 1
  • Metropolitan municipalities 2
  • District municipalities 3
  • Local municipalities 4
  • Wards 5
  • References 6

Provinces

The provinces of South Africa

Since 1994, South Africa has been divided into nine provinces: the Eastern Cape, the Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, the Northern Cape and the Western Cape. The boundaries of the provinces, which are specified in the national constitution, have been altered twice by constitutional amendment.

Each province is governed by a unicameral legislature elected by party-list proportional representation, and a Premier elected by the legislature. The provincial legislatures are represented in the national Parliament by their delegations to the National Council of Provinces.[1]

Metropolitan municipalities

The eight metropolitan municipalities

Eight of South Africa's largest cities are governed as metropolitan municipalities, which exercise all municipal functions in their areas, in contrast with the divided responsibilities in areas with the district/local system (see below).[2] Metropolitan municipalities are governed by councils in which half of the councillors are directly elected from the wards (see below) and half are elected by party-list proportional representation.[3]

The eight metropolitan municipalities are: Buffalo City (East London), City of Cape Town (Cape Town), Ekurhuleni (East Rand), eThekwini (Durban), City of Johannesburg (Johannesburg), Mangaung (Bloemfontein), Nelson Mandela Bay (Port Elizabeth), and City of Tshwane (Pretoria).[2][4]

District municipalities

Borders of the district and metropolitan municipalities

Outside the metropolitan municipalities, the rest of South Africa is divided into 44 district municipalities. These cover large regions of the provinces, and are in turn divided into local municipalities (see below).[2] The district municipalities are responsible for "district-wide" municipal functions, including development planning, bulk supply of utilities, arterial roads, and public transport. In district councils, 60% of the councillors are nominated by the councils of the constituent local municipalities, while the remaining 40% are elected by the population by party-list proportional representation.[3]

Local municipalities

Borders of the local municipalities

The district municipalities are divided into a total of 226 local municipalities. In general, a local municipality includes one or more towns and the surrounding villages and rural areas. A local municipality exercises all the municipal functions not carried out by the district municipality within which it lies. Local municipalities' councils are elected in the same way as those of metropolitan municipalities: half from wards and half by proportional representation.[3]

Wards

Ward boundaries

Metropolitan and local municipalities are divided into wards, with each ward electing one councillor to the municipal council. As of May 2011 there are 4,277 wards in South Africa.[5]

References

  1. ^ "Provincial government". SouthAfrica.info. Brand South Africa. Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Local government". South Africa.info. Brand South Africa. Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "Elections in South Africa". Community Organisers Toolbox. Education and Training Unit (ETU). Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Gabara, Nthambeleni (9 December 2011). "Buffalo City, Mangaung categorised Metros". BuaNews (Government Communication and Information System). Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Gabara, Nthambeleni (1 September 2010). "More wards ahead of local govt elections". BuaNews (Government Communication and Information System). Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.