World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Adolf Theuer

Article Id: WHEBN0032446793
Reproduction Date:

Title: Adolf Theuer  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sanitätswesen, Częstochowa Ghetto Uprising, Franz von Bodmann, Hans Koch (SS man), Josef Kollmer
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Adolf Theuer

Adolf Theuer (sometimes given as Teuer) (born on 20 September 1920 in Bolatice, Opava District, died on 23 April 1947 in Opava) was an SS-Unterscharführer at Auschwitz concentration camp. He was executed after the war as a war criminal.


Previously a bricklayer by trade, Theuer's SS career began when he was deployed to Auschwitz in 1940 at the rank of SS-Rottenführer. On the 1 August 1941 he was promoted to SS-Unterscharführer.[1] He served as an SDG or Sanitätsdienstgefreiter; a medical orderly as part of the Sanitätswesen, one of the five concentration camp departments involved in running such a facility. He was also a member of the Desinfektionskommando (disinfection squad), the unit of SS medics involved in the mass gassing of prisoners. One of Theuer's responsibilities was inserting the Zyklon B into the gas chamber, a task shared by other SS orderlies such as SS-Unterscharführer Hans Koch and SS-Oberscharführer Josef Klehr.[2] During the Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials, Klehr, the chief of the Desinfektionskommando, testified that Theuer explained to him that he would insert the gas when ordered to do so by the accompanying SS doctor.[3]

SS-Unterscharführer Oswald Kaduk recalled an incident when Theuer, his fellow countryman, was reluctant to insert the gas. Kaduk stated that:

"...I have even seen SS men who were supposed to be involved in gassing operations cry. And to them, the then doctor, Dr. Mengele said, 'You have to do it'. He said... I can remember Theuer well. I knew him from... was my fellow countryman, been a young man. And he said, 'You have to do it.' He did it, with tears in his eyes. He inserted it and immediately shut the hatch. I was there."[4]
—Oswald Kaduk, "Auschwitz, Stimmen."

Theuer remained at the camp until its evacuation in January 1945, when he was subsequently deployed in Ohrdruf concentration camp, a subcamp of Buchenwald concentration camp.


Although Theuer did not torture prisoners, he was still known in the camp as a butcher.[5] After the war he was put on trial along with SS overseer Sophie Hanel in Prague; both were sentenced to death.[6] Theuer was hanged in Opava (Czechoslovakia) on 23 April 1947.


  1. ^ Frei (2000), p. 61
  2. ^ "Karl Lill". Fritz Bauer Institut, Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011. 
  3. ^ Langbein (1995), p. 569
  4. ^ Steckel, Ronald. Auschwitz, Stimmen. Delta Music & Entertainment. ISBN 3-86538-505-2. Cited in Aktenzeichen: 4 Ks 2/63 – Eine Lange Nacht über den 1. Frankfurter Auschwitz-Prozess 1963–1965. Retrieved on 17 July 2011.
  5. ^ Piper et al (1996), p. 52
  6. ^ Piper et al (1996), p. 311


  • Dębski, Jerzy (1995). Death books from Auschwitz: remnants. Volume 1. Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum ISBN 978-3-598-11262-1
  • Frei, Norbert (2000). Darstellungen und Quellen zur Geschichte von Auschwitz. Volume 1. K. G. Saur Verlag. ISBN 978-3-598-24030-0
  • Langbein, Hermann (1995). Der Auschwitz-Prozess: eine Dokumentation. Volume 2. Verlag Neue Kritik. ISBN 978-3-8015-0283-6
  • Piper, Franciszek; Świebocka, Teresa; Czech, Danuta (1996). Auschwitz: Nazi death camp. Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. ISBN 978-83-85047-56-8
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.