World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Adolfo Suárez

Article Id: WHEBN0000403073
Reproduction Date:

Title: Adolfo Suárez  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Democratic and Social Centre (Spain), 2014, Spanish general election, 1977, Spanish general election, 1979, Prime Minister of Spain
Collection: 1932 Births, 2014 Deaths, Cold War Leaders, Complutense University of Madrid Alumni, Deaths from Alzheimer's Disease, Democratic and Social Centre (Spain) Politicians, Dukes of Suárez, Francoist Spain, Galician Politicians, Grand Cross of the Order of Civil Merit, Grand Crosses of Military Merit, Grand Crosses of Naval Merit, Grand Crosses of the Order of Christ (Portugal), Grand Crosses of the Order of Liberty, Grand Crosses of the Order of Military Merit (Spain), Grand Crosses of the Order of Naval Merit (Spain), Grand Crosses with Collar of the Order of Charles III, Grandees of Spain, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Knights of the Golden Fleece, Members of the Constituent Congress of Deputies (Spain), Members of the First Congress of Deputies (Spain), Members of the Fourth Congress of Deputies (Spain), Members of the Second Congress of Deputies (Spain), Members of the Third Congress of Deputies (Spain), Opus Dei Members, People from the Province of Ávila, People with Dementia, Prime Ministers of Spain, Recipients of the Civil Order of Alfonso X, the Wise, Spanish Roman Catholics, Spanish Transition to Democracy, Union of the Democratic Centre (Spain) Politicians, University of Salamanca Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Adolfo Suárez

The Most Excellent
Adolfo, Duke of Suárez
GE, KOGF OCIII
Prime Minister of Spain
In office
3 July 1976 – 25 February 1981
Monarch Juan Carlos I
Deputy Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado
Preceded by Fernando de Santiago y Díaz
Succeeded by Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo
Minister-Secretary General of the Movimiento Nacional
In office
12 December 1975 – 6 July 1976
President Carlos Arias Navarro
Preceded by José Solís
Succeeded by Ignacio García López
Director-General of the Spanish Radio and Television Corporation
In office
14 May 1969 – 25 June 1973
Preceded by Jesús Aparicio-Bernal
Succeeded by Rafael Orbe
Civil Governor of the Province of Segovia
In office
31 May 1968 – 7 November 1969
Leader Francisco Franco
Preceded by Juan Murillo de Valdivia
Succeeded by Mariano Pérez-Hickman
Personal details
Born Adolfo Suárez González
(1932-09-25)25 September 1932
Cebreros, Spain
Died 23 March 2014(2014-03-23) (aged 81)
Madrid, Spain
Resting place Cathedral of Ávila
Nationality Spanish
Political party CDS
Other political
affiliations
FET y de las JONS
(1958–1977)
Union of the Democratic Centre
(1977-1982)
Democratic and Social Centre
(1982-1991)
Spouse(s) Amparo Illana Elórtegui (d. 2001)
Children María Amparo (1963–2004)
Adolfo (b. 1964)
Laura
Sonsoles (b. 1967)
Francisco Javier
Parents Hipólito Suárez Guerra
Herminia González Prados
Alma mater Salamanca University
Occupation Jurist
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature

Adolfo Suárez González, Duke of Suárez, Grandee of Spain KOGF OCIII (Spanish pronunciation: ; 25 September 1932 – 23 March 2014) was a Spanish attorney and politician. Suárez was Spain's first democratically elected Prime Minister since the Second Spanish Republic and a key figure in the country's transition to democracy after the death of authoritarian leader Francisco Franco.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Political career 2
  • Illness and death 3
  • Titles, styles, honours and arms 4
    • Titles and styles 4.1
    • Honors 4.2
    • Awards 4.3
    • Arms 4.4
  • Footnotes 5
  • See also 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Adolfo Suárez was the eldest son of Hipólito Suárez Guerra and Herminia González Prados (Ávila, 1910 – 18 July 2006), and the brother of Hipólito, María del Carmen (who is married to Aurelio Delgado Martín), Ricardo and José María.[1] He was born in Cebreros. He later studied law at Salamanca University.

Political career

Suárez held several government posts during the late Francoist regime. He became the Minister Secretary General of the National Movement (Movimiento Nacional), a body that served as the sole political party in Spain for 38 years, a period that extended beyond the death of Franco in November 1975. At a rally just a month before Franco's death, Suárez was queried by the aging Caudillo on the political future of Spain and told him frankly that the Movement would not likely long survive Franco and that democratization was inevitable.[2] Suárez was appointed as the 138th Prime Minister of Spain by King Juan Carlos on 3 July 1976, a move opposed by leftists and some centrists given his Francoist history. As a nationalist, he was chosen by the monarch to lead the country towards a democratic, parliamentary monarchy without annoying the powerful conservative factions (especially the military) in the nation. Surprising many observers and political opponents, Suárez introduced Political Reform in 1976 as a first, decisive step in the transition to democracy (La Transición).

In 1977, Suárez led the Union of the Democratic Centre (Unión de Centro Democrático, UCD) to victory in Spain's first free elections in 41 years, and became the first democratically-elected prime minister of the post-Franco regime.

Suárez's

Media offices
Preceded by
Jesús Aparicio-Bernal Sánchez
Director General of RTVE
1969–1973
Succeeded by
Rafael Orbe
Political offices
Preceded by
Fernando de Santiago y Díaz
(acting)
Prime Minister of Spain
1976–1981
Succeeded by
Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo
Party political offices
Preceded by
Giovanni Malagodi
President of the Liberal International
1989–1992
Succeeded by
Otto Graf Lambsdorff
Spanish nobility
New creation Duke of Suárez
1981–2014
Succeeded by
Alejandra Romero Suárez
  • Biography by CIDOB (in Spanish)
  • Tribute to Adolfo Suárez: Guestbook

External links

See also

  1. ^ Adolfo Suárez González, 1. duque de Suárez, Geneall.es, at Generall.net
  2. ^ Payne, S.G. The Franco Regime, 1936–1975. Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1987. p 616.
  3. ^ Preston, Paul, "Juan Carlos: Steering Spain from Dictatorship to Democracy", page 457. Harper Perennial, 2005. ISBN 0-00-638693-8
  4. ^ Cercas, Javier, "The Anatomy of a Moment". Bloomsbury, 2011. ISBN 978-1-4088-0560-2.
  5. ^
  6. ^ BOE 07-06-09, Spanish official journal. Retrieved 9 June 2007.
  7. ^
  8. ^ El hijo de Adolfo Suárez sobre su padre: “El desenlace es inminente”
  9. ^ Fallece Adolfo Suárez, el presidente de la Transición, El Mundo, 23 March 2014
  10. ^
  11. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado 07-06-09, Spanish Official Journal
  12. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado 14-03-24, Spanish Official Journal
  13. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado 78-06-23, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on December 23, 2011)
  14. ^ Spanish: Boletín Oficial del Estado 73-09-29, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on December 23, 2011)
  15. ^ Spanish: Boletín Oficial del Estado 69-07-18, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on December 23, 2011)
  16. ^ Spanish: Boletín Oficial del Estado 71-04-05, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on December 23, 2011)
  17. ^ Spanish: Boletín Oficial del Estado 67-04-01, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on December 23, 2011)
  18. ^ Spanish: Boletín Oficial del Estado 72-04-01, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on March 24, 2014)
  19. ^ Spanish: Boletín Oficial del Estado 72-07-18, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on December 23, 2011)
  20. ^ Spanish: Boletín Oficial del Estado 75-07-04, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on December 23, 2011)
  21. ^ Spanish: Boletín Oficial del Estado 70-09-15, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on December 23, 2011)
  22. ^ Portuguese Republic
  23. ^ Portuguese Republic
  24. ^ Medalla de Oro de la provincia de Segovia concedida a su Alteza Real Don Juan de Borbón y Battenberg (1991). Segovia. Provincial Council of Segovia. ISBN 84-86789-35-4.
  25. ^ Adolfo Suárez, Medalla de Oro de Ávila, e Hijo Adoptivo de dicha ciudad
  26. ^ Adolfo Suárez, Medalla de Oro de Ávila, e Hijo Adoptivo de dicha ciudad
  27. ^ Adolfo Suárez ganador del I Premio Internacional Alfonso X el Sabio
  28. ^ Medalla de Oro de Madrid para Adolfo Suárez, Teresa Berganza, Pedro Laín Entralgo y Joaquín Garrigues
  29. ^ Concesión de la Medalla de Oro de Madrid para Adolfo Suárez
  30. ^ Adolfo Suárez y Mario Soares, investidos Doctores Honoris Causa por la Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  31. ^ Concesión Príncipe de Asturias a Don Adolfo Suárez González. Hemeroteca El País
  32. ^ Con Adolfo Suárez se va el primer galardonado por la Fundación Premio Convivencia
  33. ^ Suárez, González y Roca hablarán de "España desde la Constitución". Hemeroteca El País. Accessed 24 March 2014.
  34. ^ Adolfo Suárez, profeta en su tierra
  35. ^ Medalla de Honor de Madrid para Suárez, y de Oro para González y Aznar
  36. ^ Adolfo Suárez, nombrado a título póstumo Hijo Adoptivo de Madrid
  37. ^ (Spanish) Adolfo Suárez, AMPA Súarez, p. 5 . Retrieved 24 March 2014.

Footnotes

Arms of Adolfo Suárez
Notes
He was created Grandee as Duke of Suárez in 1981.
Coronet
Coronet of Spanish Grandee.
Escutcheon
Or, two towers Argent, masoned Sable, surmounted by two eagles volant and combatant Sable on a terrace in base Vert charged with an Escallop Argent. [37]
Orders
Order of the Golden Fleece and Order of Charles III collars.
Other elements
An heraldic mantle used by the Spanish Grandee.
Symbolism
The arms of the Castilian branch of Suárez differenced by an Escallop Argent, the traditional emblem of James, son of Zebedee, commonly used in Galicia, because 1st Duke of Suárez's paternal family had Galician origins.
Previous versions


Coat of arms bore as knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Arms

Awards

Honors

Titles and styles

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Pope Francis, in an official telegram message of condolence, sent by the Vatican's Cardinal Secretary of State, Pietro Cardinal Parolin, to the Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Avila, Bishop Jesus Garcia Burillo, stated: "With great sadness I received the sad news of the death of His Excellency, The Honourable Former Prime Minister of Spain, Lord Adolfo Suarez. I express to you my sincerest condolences. In fraternal suffrage with you all, I make fervent prayers to the Lord for the eternal rest of this esteemed and feature figure of the recent history of Spain. Mindful of these feelings, and in company with you all and with his grieving family, I impart the Apostolic Blessing as a sign of Christian hope in the Risen Lord."

On 26 March 2014, the Spanish government decided to rename the Madrid-Barajas airport to Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas in honour of his service to the country.[10]

On 31 May 2005, Suárez's son, Adolfo Suárez Illana, announced on Spanish television that his father was suffering from Alzheimer's disease, and could no longer remember his period as Prime Minister of Spain. The announcement followed speculation about Suárez's health in the Spanish media. On 21 March 2014, his son announced that his death from neurological deterioration was imminent.[8] Suárez then died as a result of a respiratory infection on 23 March 2014 in a clinic in Madrid.[9]

Illness and death

[7] In 1981, he was raised into the

Former Prime Minister Adolfo Suárez went to Buenos Aires (Argentina) in 1981.

He retired from active politics in 1991, for personal reasons. [5], and Suárez became President of the Liberal International in 1988.Liberal and Progressive International, joining it in 1988, leading to it being renamed Liberal International (Centro Democrático y Social, CDS) party, which never achieved the success of UCD, though Suárez and its party were important elements in the Democratic and Social Centre coup attempt ("El Tejerazo") shook the government, but was defeated. In 1982, Suárez founded the 23-F The [4].his attempted coup and Tejero, parliament was disrupted by the entrance of Lieutenant Colonel Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo A month later, as parliament was taking a vote to confirm Suárez's replacement as Prime Minister [3]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.