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Anthem of the Slovene nation

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Anthem of the Slovene nation

Zdravljica
English: A Toast
The national anthem of Slovenia
consists of (a part of) Zdravljica poem.

National anthem of  Slovenia
Lyrics France Prešeren, 1844
Music Stanko Premrl, 1905
Adopted 1989
Music sample

Anthem of the Slovene nation is one of the national symbols of Slovenia as a sovereign nation. A historical anthem, from the period when the Slovenes were part of Yugoslavia, is included, too.

Lyrics and music

The current national anthem of Slovenia consists of (a part of) Zdravljica poem, written by the 19th century Slovene poet France Prešeren, and the music written by the Slovene composer Stanko Premrl in 1905. Emphasising internationalism,[1] it was defined in 1994[2] as the anthem with the Act on the national symbols of Slovenia. However, even before the breakup of Yugoslavia, the lyrics and music were together adopted as the anthem by the Socialist Republic of Slovenia on 27 September 1989. Therefore, it was the anthem of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia, the Republic of Slovenia as a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 8 March 1990 to 25 June 1991, as well.

Legal status

As a work of arts, published in the official journal Official Gazette, the text and melody of the seventh stanza of Zdravljica qualify as an official work and are per Article 9 of the Slovene Copyright and Related Rights Act not protected by the copyrights.[3] Their usage is regulated by the Act Regulating the Coat-of-Arms, Flag and Anthem of the Republic of Slovenia and the Flag of the Slovene Nation, published in the Official Gazette in 1994.[4] The official melody is written in B-flat major.

Historical anthem

Historically, the national anthem from 1860[5][6] until the beginning of the 1990s,[7] was Naprej, zastava slave ("Forward, Flag of Glory"),[lower-roman 1] the first Slovene literature to be ever translated into English.[10]

Notes

References

  1. ^ Božič, Dragan (3 November 2010). " [Which Stanza Should We As the Anthem Sing?]'"Katero kitico č'mo kot himno zapet (in Slovene). Retrieved 14 February 2011. 
  2. ^ Jesenovec, Stanislav (17 February 2009). "Pesniku toplo, skladatelju vroče" [Warm to the Poet, Hot to the Composer]. Delo.si (in Slovene).  
  3. ^ M. B. Jančič, M. B. Breznik, M. Damjan, M. Kovačič, M. Milohnić. Upravljanje avtorskih in sorodnih pravic na Internetu - Vidik javnih inštitucij (in Slovene) [The Management of Copyright and Related Rights on Internet - The Aspect of Public Institutions]. August 2010. Peace Institute; Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana. Pg. 28.
  4. ^ Zakon o grbu, zastavi in himni Republike Slovenije ter o slovenski narodni zastavi (Slovene) [Act Regulating the Coat-of-Arms, Flag and Anthem of the Republic of Slovenia and the Flag of the Slovene Nation]. Official Gazette. 67/1994.
  5. ^ Rupnik, Janko. Cijan, Rafael. Grafenauer, Božo (1993). ]Constitutional Law [Ustavno pravo (in Slovene). Faculty of Law, University of Maribor. p. 51.  
  6. ^ Javornik, Marijan, ed. (2001). ]Encyclopedia of Slovenia [Enciklopedija Slovenije (in Slovene) 15. p. 403.  
  7. ^ "Državni simboli in znamka Slovenije" [National Symbols and the Trademark of Slovenia] (in Slovene). Government Communication Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  8. ^ Kristen, Samo (2007). "V Pragi "Naprej zastava slave", v Ljubljani "Kde domov můj?" Jan Masaryk in Slovenci" [In Prague "Naprej zastava slave", in Ljubljana "Kde domov můj?" Jan Masaryk and Slovenes]. Anthropos (in Slovene) 39 (3–4): 272–274.  
  9. ^ Lisjak Gabrijelčič, Luka (2008). "The Dissolution of the Slavic Identity of the Slovenes in the 1980s. The case of the Venetic Theory.". Department of History, Central European University. p. 34. 
  10. ^

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Anthem of the Slovenian Armed Forces. Music and lyrics. Themarches09. YouTube. 3 August 2010. Retrieved 3 March 2012.


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