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Apex of the heart

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Apex of the heart

Apex of the heart
Sternocostal surface of heart (apex is not labeled, but is visible at bottom right)
Latin Apex cordis
Gray's subject #138 527

The apex of the heart is the lowest superficial part of the heart.

It is directed downward, forward, and to the left, and is overlapped by the left lung and pleura.

External anatomy

It lies behind the fifth left intercostal space, 8 to 9 cm from the mid-sternal line, slightly medial to the midclavicular line.

Alternately, it can be found about 4 cm below and 2 cm to the medial side of the left mammary papilla.

References

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.

External links

  • eMedicine Dictionary
  • 20:05-0104 - "Heart: Sternocostal Surface of the Heart"
  • 02101.002-2

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