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Arnsberg Forest Nature Park

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Arnsberg Forest Nature Park


The Arnsberg Forest Nature Park (German: Naturpark Arnsberger Wald) is a nature park in the districts of Hochsauerlandkreis and Soest within the administrictive region of Arnsberg in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The park has an area of 482 km² and its wooded hills are up to 581.5 m above sea level high.

The nature park, which consists of the Arnsberg Forest in the west and the Warstein Forest in the east, is important for the regional economy both in terms of forestry and tourism. The two forests form a densely-wooded part of the Süderbergland within the Rhine Massif.

Geography

Location

The Arnsberg Forest Nature Park lies between the river Möhne in the north, on which the Möhne Reservoir is located, and the deep valley of the Ruhr in the south. Between these two valleys the park is situated between Möhnesee in the northwest, Rüthen in the northeast, Brilon in the east, Olsberg in the southeast, Meschede in the south and Arnsberg in the southwest; Warstein lies within the nature reserve. To the north is the heavily forested region of the Haarstrang, to the east are the Brilon Heights, to the south is the Rothaargebirge, to the southwest is the Lennegebirge and to the west the terrain gradually descends towards Dortmund into the Ruhr.

Rivers and lakes

The best-known water feature in the Arnsberg Forest Nature Park is the Möhnesee, set in the Möhne valley between the Haarstrang in the north and the Arnsberg Forest in the south. Numerous rivers run through the wooded valleys. These include the Ruhr and Möhne, which border the forests, as well as other water courses that feed the Möhne and Ruhr:

  • Biber (Möhne tributary near Rüthen)
  • Glenne (Möhne tributary northwest of Rüthen-Kallenhardt)
    • Lörmecke (Glenne tributary between Suttrop and Kallenhardt)
    • Möhne (Ruhr tributary near Neheim-Hüsten)
  • Wester (Möhne tributary near Belecke)
    • Langer Bach (Wester tributary near Warstein)
    • Wideybach (Wester tributary near Warstein)
  • Heve (Möhne tributary, mouth at the southern end of the Möhnesee)
  • Ruhr (Rhine tributary near Duisburg-Ruhrort)
  • Wanne (Ruhr tributary near Niedereimer)

Hills

The hills and hilltops of the Arnsberg Forest Nature Park include: the Warsteiner Kopf (556.9 m; fourth highest hill), the Gemeinheitskopf (551.9 m; fifth highest hill) the Niekopf (550.4 m; sixth highest hill) and the Nuttlarer Höhe (542.2 m). These are the best known hills in the nature park because, unlike the other local heights they are shown on most of the maps and the specialised reference books. There are also, as the following list shows, a number of unnamed hilltops.

  • Highest hill (unnamed peak (Kuppe); 581.5 m above sea level):
  • Second highest hill (unnamed Kuppe; 559.5 m above NN):
  • Third highest hill (unnamed Kuppe; 557.4 m above NN):
  • Fourth highest hill (Warsteiner Kopf; 556.9 m above NN):
  • Fifth highest hill (Gemeinheitskopf; 551.9 m above NN):
  • Sixth highest hill (Niekopf; 550.4 m above NN):

Overview of hills:

  • Unnamed hilltop (581.5 m above NN), north of Meschede-Eversbergs, near and north of the Plackweg; site of the Lörmecke Tower
  • Unnamed hilltop (559.5 m above NN), southeast of Brilon-Esshof
  • Unnamed hilltop (557.4 m), southeast of the Meschede TV tower between the "L 856" & “B 55“
  • Warsteiner Kopf (556.9 m), northeast of Meschede-Eversberg
  • Gemeinheitskopf (551.9 m), northeast of Meschede-Eversberg and north of Bestwig
  • Niekopf (550.4 m), north of Meschede-Eversberg, source of the Wideybachs
  • Ebberg (546.9 m above NN), south-southwest of Brilon-Esshos
  • Ensterknick (543.2 m), field and house north of Meschede-Galiläa
  • Nuttlarer Höhe (542.2 m), north of Bestwig-Nuttlar
  • Stimm Stamm (541.1 m), pass for the “B 55“, north of Meschede, ca. 300 m northeast of the Gasthof “Zum Stimm Stamm“ (540,5 m)
  • Sengenberg (530.4 m), north of Bestwig
  • Liverhagen (522.6 m), north of Meschede-Eversberg
  • Moosberg (522.0 m), north of Meschede
  • Voßstein (521.1 m; northeastern peak), southeast of Bestwig-Grimlinghausen and north of Olsberg-Antfeld
  • Hornscheid (519.7 m), north of Meschede-Eversberg
  • Voßstein (519.7 m; middle peak), southeast of Bestwig-Grimlinghausen and north of Olsberg-Antfeld
  • Greverhagen (514.6 m), north of Meschede
  • Voßstein (512.3 m; southwest ofer Kopf), southeast of Bestwig-Grimlinghausen and north of Olsberg-Antfeld
  • Brandenberg (509.3 m), north of des MeschederTV tower
  • Heinberg (504.9 m), northwest of Bestwig
  • Neuer hill (504.2 m), southwest of Warstein-Hirschberg
  • Wennemer Höhe (503.3 m), north of Meschede-Wennemen
  • Kopf (500.8 m), northeast of Meschede-Eversberg
  • Blumenkopf (500.7 m), southwest of Warstein, near the “B 55“
  • Suhrenberg (498.2 m), northeast of Bestwig-Nuttlar
  • Kahlenberg (485.7 m southern peak /rearmost Kahlenberg peak), west of Warstein
  • Kahlenberg (466.9 m middle peak), west of Warstein
  • Kahlenberg (447.5 m northern peak), west of Warstein
  • Küppel (422.6 m), northeast of Meschede-Freienohls; site of the Küppel Tower
  • Unnamed hilltop (285.8 m), north of Möhnesee-Delecke; site of the Delecke Bismarck Tower

Villages

In or on the edge of the Arnsberg Forest Nature Park are numerous villages belonging to these municipalities and towns:

Tourism

Sights

The Bilstein Cave southwest of Warstein in the Arnsberg Forest Nature Park attracts many tourists. The cave of Hohler Stein southwest of Rüthen-Kallenhardts is also worth visiting as are the observation towers of Lörmecke Tower (near the highest point in the Arnsberg Forest Nature Park between Warstein and Eversberg), the Küppel Tower (near Meschede-Freienohls) and the Delecke Bismarck Tower (north of Möhnesee-Delecke).

Trails

Many trails wind through the Arnsberg Forest Nature Park and its hills and valleys. The best known are the Upland Trail (no. "X 13") and the Renn Trail (no. "X 26").

Literature

  • Ralf Günther: The Arnsberger Wald im Mittelalter. Forstgeschichte als Verfassungsgeschichte. Veröffentlichungen der Historischen Kommission für Westfalen, Nr. 22. / Geschichtliche Arbeiten zur westfälischen Landesforschung, Band 20. Aschendorff, Münster 1994, 345 (IX) S., ISBN 3-402-06782-X

See also

External links

  • Arnsberg Forest Nature Park internet site
  • General information etc about the Arnsberg Forest Nature Park at naturparke.de
  • Topographical mpa from the North Rhine-Westphalia State Office for Data and Statistics (LDS NRW) at geoserver.nrw.de

References


51°23′44″N 8°20′46″E / 51.39556°N 8.34611°E / 51.39556; 8.34611

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