World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Athelm

Athelm
Archbishop of Canterbury
Province Canterbury
Diocese Diocese of Canterbury
Appointed between 923 and 925
Term ended 8 January 926
Predecessor Plegmund
Successor Wulfhelm
Other posts Bishop of Wells
Personal details
Died 8 January 926
Buried first church of St John the Baptist in Canterbury, later Canterbury Cathedral
Sainthood
Feast day 8 January
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Canonized Pre-Congregation
For other men called Æthelhelm, see Æthelhelm

Athelm (or Æthelhelm; died 926) was an English churchman, who was the first Bishop of Wells, and later Archbishop of Canterbury. His translation, or moving from one bishopric to another, was a precedent for later translations of ecclesiastics, because prior to this time period such movements were considered illegal. While archbishop, Athelm crowned the new king and perhaps wrote the coronation service for the event. An older relative of Dunstan, a later Archbishop of Canterbury, Athelm helped promote Dunstan's early career. After Athelm's death, he was considered a saint.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Archbishopric 2
  • Death and burial 3
  • Notes 4
  • Citations 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Background

Athelm was a monk of Glastonbury Abbey[1] before his elevation in 909 to the see of Wells, of which he was the first occupant.[2] The see was founded to divide up the diocese of Sherborne, which was very large, by creating a bishopric for the county of Somerset. Wells was likely chosen as the seat because it was the center of the county.[3] Some scholarly works suggest that Athelm may be the same person as Æthelhelm, son of King Æthelred of Wessex,[4] but this is not accepted by most historians.[5] A few sources state that Athelm was Abbot of Glastonbury before he became bishop,[6] but other sources disagree and do not give him that office.[1] This traces to later medieval chroniclers, not to contemporary accounts. His brother was Heorstan, who held land near Glastonbury.[7]

Archbishopric

Between August 923 and September 925 he became archbishop.[8][1] His translation from the see of Wells set a precedent for the future, and marks a break with historical practice. Previously the moving of a bishop from one see to another had been held to be against canon, or ecclesiastical, law. Recently, however, the popes had themselves been translated, and this practice was to become common in England after Athelm's time.[10] He was West Saxon, unlike his predecessor, Plegmund, who was Mercian, reflecting the shift in power to Wessex.[11] Athelm was a paternal uncle of Dunstan,[1] who later became Archbishop of Canterbury. It was Athelm who brought Dunstan to the king's court.[12]

Athelm presided at the coronation of King St Augustine's Abbey in Canterbury.[11] It is unclear if the reason that no coins were minted with his name was his short term of office or a change in policy towards the Archbishop of Canterbury minting coins in his own name. Nothing else is known of Athelm's brief time as archbishop.[10]

Death and burial

Athelm died on 8 January 926.[1][8] He was later considered a saint, with a feast day of 8 January.[13] He was buried at first the church of St John the Baptist near the Saxon-era Canterbury Cathedral. When a new cathedral was constructed under Archbishop Lanfranc after the Norman Conquest of England, the earlier archbishops of Canterbury were moved to the north transept of the new cathedral. Later, Athelm and his successor as archbishop Wulfhelm were moved to a chapel dedicated to St Benedict, which later was incorporated into the Lady Chapel constructed by Prior Thomas Goldstone (d. 1468).[14]

Notes

  1. ^ Janet Nelson states that he became archbishop in 923.[9]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Mason "Athelm" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 222
  3. ^ Robinson Saxon Bishops of Wells p. 5
  4. ^ Dolley "Important Group" British Museum Quarterly p. 75
  5. ^ Miller "Æthelred I" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  6. ^ Delaney Dictionary of Saints p. 65
  7. ^ Robinson Saxon Bishops of Wells p. 6
  8. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 214
  9. ^ Nelson "First Use" Myth, Rulership, Church and Charters p. 126
  10. ^ a b Brooks Early History of the Church of Canterbury pp. 214–216
  11. ^ a b Nelson "First Use" Myth, Rulership, Church and Charters pp. 124–126
  12. ^ Stenton Anglo-Saxon England p. 446
  13. ^ Catholic Online "St Athelm" Catholic Online
  14. ^ Robinson Saxon Bishops of Wells pp. 58–59

References

  •  
  • Catholic Online. "St Athelm". Catholic Online. Retrieved 8 August 2007. 
  • Delaney, John P. (1980). Dictionary of Saints (Second ed.). Garden City, NY: Doubleday.  
  • Dolley, R. H. M. (June 1958). "An Important Group of Tenth-Century Pence". The British Museum Quarterly 21 (3): 74–76.  
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.  
  • Mason, Emma (2004). "Athelm (d. 926)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.   (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  • Miller, Sean (2004). "Æthelred I (d. 871)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  •  
  •  
  •  

External links

  • Prosopography of Anglo Saxon England entry for Æthelhelm
Catholic Church titles
New diocese Bishop of Wells
909–c. 923
Succeeded by
Wulfhelm
Preceded by
Plegmund
Archbishop of Canterbury
c. 923–926
Succeeded by
Wulfhelm
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.