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Battle of Froeschwiller (1793)

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Title: Battle of Froeschwiller (1793)  
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Subject: First Battle of Wissembourg (1793), Battle of Pirmasens, Siege of Fort-Louis (1793), Karl Aloys zu Fürstenberg, Second Battle of Wissembourg (1793)
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Battle of Froeschwiller (1793)

Battle of Froeschwiller (1793)
Part of War of the First Coalition
Date 18–22 December 1793
Location Froeschwiller, France
Result French victory
Belligerents
Republican France Habsburg Austria
Commanders and leaders
Lazare Hoche
Jean Pichegru
Count von Wurmser
Units involved
Army of the Moselle
Army of the Rhine
Army of the Rhine

The Battle of Froeschwiller (18–22 December 1793) saw Republican French armies led by Lazare Hoche and Jean-Charles Pichegru attack a Habsburg Austrian army commanded by Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser. On the 18th, a French attack pushed back the Austrians a short distance. After more fighting, a powerful assault on the 22nd forced the entire Austrian army to withdraw to Wissembourg. The action occurred during the War of the First Coalition, part of the Wars of the French Revolution. Froeschwiller is a village in Bas-Rhin department of France, situated about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Strasbourg.

The Austrian victory in the First Battle of Wissembourg threatened to overrun the territory of Alsace. Hoche assumed command of the Army of the Moselle and attacked the Prussian army in the Battle of Kaiserslautern without success. However, the French took advantage of the lack of cooperation between the Prussians and their Austrian allies. Hoche sent 12,000 troops under Alexandre Camille Taponier across the Vosges Mountains to attack Wurmser's right flank at Froeschwiller. On 22 December, Hoche launched a successful assault with five divisions while Pichegru's Army of the Rhine attacked Wurmser from the south. The Second Battle of Wissembourg on 25–26 December would decide the fate of Alsace.

References

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