World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle of Marj al-Saffar (1126)

Article Id: WHEBN0003212241
Reproduction Date:

Title: Battle of Marj al-Saffar (1126)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Crusade of 1101, Battles of the Crusades, Burid dynasty, Siege of Antioch, Siege of Sidon
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Battle of Marj al-Saffar (1126)

Battle of Marj al-Saffar (1126)
Part of the Crusades
Date January 26, 1126
Location Near Damascus, Syria
Result Crusader tactical success[1]
Belligerents
Crusaders Burids of Damascus
Commanders and leaders
Baldwin II of Jerusalem Toghtekin of Damascus
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Battle of Marj al-Saffar was fought on January 25, 1126 between a Crusader army led by King Baldwin II of Jerusalem and the Seljuk Emirate of Damascus, which was ruled by Toghtekin. The Crusaders defeated the Muslim army in the field but failed in their objective to capture Damascus.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Battle 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Background

After winning the Battle of Azaz northeast of Antioch, Baldwin II led an army of Franks to attack Damascus in early 1126. Baldwin's army consisted of the usual mounted knights and men-at-arms supported by spearmen and bowmen on foot. At Marj al-Saffar, 30 kilometers outside Damascus,[2] the Crusaders encountered the army of Damascus which offered battle. Toghtekin, founder of the Burid dynasty, ruled Damascus at that time.

Battle

Only a few details are known about the battle. The sources are not in agreement about tactical details, but they concur that the Crusaders failed to seize Damascus. The Franks lost many men to Turkish archery in a very close-fought engagement. "But a strong attack made late in the day gave them a hard-won victory. Their tactical success left them unable to achieve their object in undertaking the campaign, which was the conquest of Damascus."[1]

Another historian writes, "Crusader forces had a clear win but were unable to press home their advantage."[2] A third writer notes that the Crusader victory occurred because Toghtekin "fell from his horse and, thinking that he had been killed, his companions fled."[3] Because of their heavy casualties, the Crusaders were forced to retreat.[4]

In 1129, the Franks attacked Damascus again, but their siege of the city was unsuccessful.

Notes

  1. ^ a b Smail, p 182
  2. ^ a b Burns, p 150
  3. ^ Hillenbrand, p 515
  4. ^ France, John. Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades, 1000-1300. p 220

References

  • Burns, Ross. Damascus: A History. Routledge, 2005. ISBN 978-0-415-27105-9
  • France, John. Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades, 1000-1300. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-8014-3671-0
  • Hillenbrand, Car. The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives. Routledge, 1999. ISBN 1579582109
  • Smail, R. C. Crusading Warfare 1097-1193. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, (1956) 1995. ISBN 1-56619-769-4

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.