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Bendiocarb

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Bendiocarb

Bendiocarb
Identifiers
CAS number  N
PubChem
ChemSpider  YesY
UNII  YesY
KEGG  YesY
ChEBI  YesY
ChEMBL  YesY
ATCvet code QP53
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C11H13NO4
Molar mass 223.23 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N   YesY/N?)

Bendiocarb is an acutely toxic carbamate insecticide used in public health and agriculture and is effective against a wide range of nuisance and disease vector insects. Many bendiocarb products are or were sold under the tradenames "Ficam" and "Turcam."

All bendiocarb-containing products in the malaria control.[2]

Bendiocarb is not considered to be carcinogenic, but it is acutely toxic. Like other carbamates, it reversibly inhibits acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme required for normal transmission of nerve impulses. Bendiocarb binds to the active site of this enzyme leading to an accumulation of acetylcholine, which is required for the transmission of nerve impulses, at nerve muscle sites.[1]

Bendiocarb was invented in 1971 and was first introduced into the market by Fisons Ltd. It is currently marketed by Bayer CropScience and Kuo Ching under various trade names: Ficam, Dycarb, Garvox, Turcam, Niomil, Seedox, Tattoo

Bendiocarb is highly toxic to birds and fish. In mammalian tissue, carbamates are generally excreted rapidly and do not accumulate.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c R.E.D. Facts: Bendiocarb U.S. EPA, September 1999.
  2. ^ Sadasivaiah, Shobha; Tozan, Yesim; Breman, Joel G. (December 1, 2007), "Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) for Indoor Residual Spraying in Africa: How Can It Be Used for Malaria Control?", Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 77 (Suppl 6): 249–263 

External links

  • R.E.D. Facts: Bendiocarb U.S. EPA, September 1999.
  • Bendiocarb Technical Fact Sheet - National Pesticide Information Center
  • Bendiocarb General Fact Sheet - National Pesticide Information Center
  • Pesticide Properties Database record for Bendiocarb
  • Pesticide Information Profile on Bendiocarb Extension Toxicology Network, May 1994. Accessed August 2007
  • Compendium of Pesticide Common Names bendiocarb, Alan Wood, Justis Publishing Limited, London. Accessed August 2007
  • Pesticideinfo.org: Bendiocarb
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