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Birhor language

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Title: Birhor language  
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Subject: Austroasiatic languages, Munda languages, Tai Loi language, Minriq language, Phai language
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Birhor language

Native to India
Ethnicity Birhor people
Native speakers
2,000  (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 biy
Glottolog birh1242[2]

The Birhor language is a highly endangered Munda language spoken by the Birhor people in Chhatisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, and Maharashtra states in India.[3]

According to Vidyarthi (1960:519), the Birhor are found mostly in Chota Nagpur and Santhal Paragana, with the Uthlu Birhors living near Bishunpur, Gumla district, Jharkhand (along the western border with Chhattisgarh).


  1. ^ Birhor at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Birhor". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code:biy". 
  • Roy, Sarat Chandra. 1925. The Birhors: a little-known jungle tribe of Chota Nagpur. Ranchi: K.E.M. Mission Press.
  • Vidyarthi, L. P. 1960. The Birhor (the little nomadic tribe of India). In Wallace, Anthony F. C. (ed.), Men and cultures: selected papers of the Fifth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Philadelphia, September 1-9, 1956, 519-525. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania University Press.

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