World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic

Article Id: WHEBN0006413937
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Washington Park (Chicago park), Stellar Awards, African-American festivals, Parade, Schulze Baking Company Plant
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic

Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic
Status Active
Genre Parade
Frequency Annual
Location(s) Between 35th–55th Streets and Martin Luther King Dr.
(Bronzeville neigborhood)
Chicago, Illinois
Country United States
Years active 1929–present
Next event August 13, 2016

The Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic (also known as The Bud Billiken Day Parade) is an annual parade in Chicago, Illinois, United States and the oldest and largest African American parade in the United States. Since 1929, it has always been held on the second Saturday in August.[1][2] The idea for the parade came from Robert S. Abbott, the founder of the Chicago Defender. It is now the second largest annual parade in the United States.[3] The focus of the parade is on educating Chicago's youth.[4]

The parade features celebrities, politicians, businessmen, civic organizations and youth. It begins in the Bronzeville neighborhood on Chicago's south side and ends in Washington Park. The parade has been televised on WGN-TV (1978–2012), WLS-TV (1984–present) and WCIU-TV (2012–2014).[5] National and international celebrities have attended and some have served as the parade's Grand Marshal. The 86th Annual Parade took place on August 8, 2015, and was televised on WLS-TV.[6] In 2016, the second Saturday in August falls on August 13, 2016.


Chicago Dept. of Human Resource float in 1973. Photo by John H. White.
Barack Obama float for 2004 U.S. Senate race at the 2004 parade
Miss Black Illinois at the 2004 parade
U.S. Navy band marches in the 2008 parade
Anti-violence group for a Chicago High School, 2008

Bud Billiken is a fictional character created in 1923 by Abbott, who had been pondering the possibility of adding a youth section to the newspaper. While dining at a Chinese restaurant he noticed a Billiken. Some of the early Billiken columns were written by Willard Motley, who would later become a prominent black novelist. During the early 1930s, names of international youth appeared in the Bud Billiken section of the newspaper every week. Between 1930-34, approximately 10,000 names appeared and were archived in the Carter G. Woodson Regional Library of the Chicago Public Library.[7] During the Great Depression, the Bud Billiken character served as a symbol of pride, happiness and hope for black residents.[8] The character gained prominence in a comic strip and the Chicago Defender newspaper.[8] Although the character was created in 1923, the parade did not begin until David Kellum initiated it in 1929 as a celebration of the "unity in diversity for the children of Chicago". It has since grown to become a locally televised event—the second largest parade in the nation.[7] The parade, which began on August 11, 1929,[9] now includes politicians, beauty queens, celebrities, musical performers, and dozens of marching, tumbling and dancing groups.[8] It has grown from a locally sponsored event to one with major corporate presence and is seen as a signal of the impending end of summer and beginning of the new school year.[8] As such the parade sponsors raise money for college scholarships for local youth.[8]

The parade route has changed over the years. The original route was along Harry S. Truman, Michael Jordan, Joe Louis, Muhammad Ali, Duke Ellington, Adelaide Hall,[10] Oprah Winfrey, Diana Ross, Lena Horne, Ethel Waters, Cab Calloway, Paul Robeson and Billie Holiday.[8][9] Truman rode alongside John H. Sengstacke, who was Abbott's nephew and took over the Chicago Defender in 1948, and Mayor Richard J. Daley in the 1956 Parade.[11] Recent parades have featured popular musical acts as concert performers at the post-parade picnic. In 2006, approximately 26 million people saw the parade in person or on television,[6] including 25 million television viewers and 1.2 million attendees.[2] The 2006 parade also included 74,000 participants and 160 floats and vehicles.[2] The 2008 parade was dedicated to actor and comedian Bernie Mac (star of The Bernie Mac Show),[12] a native of Chicago, who died an hour before the start of the parade.

In 1993, a request to participate in the parade from a black LGBT group was declined by the organizers. Following legal action and the involvement of Lambda Legal, the Ad Hoc Committee of Proud Black Lesbians and Gays was allowed to participate in the parade.[13][14]


Illinois Governor Dan Walker at the 1973 parade. Photo by John H. White.

The parade has categorized contests for participants such as best float, and best marching band.[15] It takes place in Chicago's Bronzeville neighborhood, starting at 35th Street and Dr. Martin Luther King Drive at the southern border of the Douglas community area, south of the landmark Victory Monument. It then continues south to 55th Street in Washington Park. This route covers approximately 2 miles (3.2 km). This route takes the parade through the Grand Boulevard and Washington Park community areas.[16]

2007 Parade

At the 78th annual parade in 2007, then-U.S. Senator Barack Obama served as the Grand Marshal for the second year in a row. Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley attended, and march participants included U.S. Senator Dick Durbin, Lieutenant Governor of Illinois Pat Quinn and the Rev. Al Sharpton.[17] One float represented the Chicago 2016 Committee and included past Chicago Olympians Bob Pickens, Willie May, Diane Simpson-Bundy and Kenny Johnson as well as the son of Danell Nicholson. The Chicago Bulls' mascot made a guest appearance.[18]

Grand Marshal

The parade has a person of celebrity every year who serves as Grand Marshal. R&B singer and Chicago native Chaka Khan served as Grand Marshal at the 85th annual parade in 2014.[19]


Bud Billiken Parade is themed every year by the parade committee. The tradition began in 1940 when the parade organizers themed the parade "Americanism" to demonstrate patriotism in the US within the African-American community.[20] Other themes over the years:

  • 1940– "Americanism"
  • 1993– "Education is here to stay. Don't let drugs, gangs and sex get in the way."[21]
  • 1995– "Family: In Partnerships Supporting One Another." [22]
  • 1996– "Strengthening Family Through Our Youth."[23]
  • 1997– "Let's Parade the Child Stars of Education."[24]
  • 1999– "Bud Billiken Salutes Our Children, Our Future."[25]
  • 2001– "We Are Family." [26]
  • 2004– "A Time to Encourage and Educate Our Youth."[27]
  • 2009– "Education, Yes We Can: A Salute to President Barack Obama" [28]
  • 2010– "Education: It's the American Way."[29]
  • 2011– "Education: Now More Than Ever."[30]
  • 2012– "Education: Built To Last"/"A Tribute To President Barack Obama."[31]
  • 2013– "Empowerment of Youth through Education."[32]
  • 2014– "Education: The One Tool You Can't Lose."[33]
  • 2015– "Education: That's an Order."[34]


The parade begins at 10 A.M. and ends at 4 P.M. After the parade visitors are welcomed to stay in Washington Park for the picnic. The picnic has various festivities and vendor booths.[16] The post-parade festivities often include a concert. The 2006 parade featured Yung Joc,[35] and the 2007 parade featured Pretty Ricky.[18][36] However, it seems neither picnic included a concert.


The 2003 parade featured B2K.[9] The concert was free with virtually unlimited space in the park for viewing. However, the crowd became unruly causing the concert to be curtailed. Over 40 attendees were taken to hospitals as a result.[37] At the 2014 parade, Two teenagers were shot after an altercation involving a group of black youths along the parade route near the 4200 block of King Drive around 12:30 pm.[38][39]

See also


  1. ^ Jerald Walker, "Dreams From My Father", Mother Jones, January/February 2009, p. 53.
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ WGN-TV drops Bud Billiken parade
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^ a b c d e f
  9. ^ a b c d
  10. ^ The 1933 Chicago World's Fair – Century of Progress, by Cheryl Ganz, published by University of Illinois Press, (6 January 2012) ISBN 0252078527. Adelaide Hall, Cab Calloway and Earl Hines at the Bud Billiken parade and Picnic reference on page 115:
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ a b
  17. ^
  18. ^ a b
  19. ^ CBS Chicago:Bud Billiken Parade ‘Like A Big Homecoming’ To Grand Marshal Chaka Khan (August 9, 2014)
  20. ^ Bud Billiken Parade
  21. ^ Year's Parade African-American Route (Chicago Tribune: August 13, 1993)
  22. ^ A Million Chicagoans Can't Be Wrong, It's Bud Billiken Parade Time Again (Chicago Tribune: August 6, 1995)
  23. ^ African-American Kids Massive Picnic (Chicago Tribune: August 10, 1996)
  24. ^ King And Queen Of Bud Billiken Parade Get Royal Treatment (Chicago Tribune: August 9, 1997)
  25. ^ Big Business To Join Billiken Parade (Chicago Tribune: August 13, 1999)
  26. ^ Bud Billiken parade ready to roll today 'We Are Family' theme will be used to promote going back to school (Chicago Tribune: August 11, 2001)
  27. ^ Bud Billiken Parade (Chicago Tribune: August 13, 2004)
  28. ^ Bud Billiken Parade: 2009
  29. ^ Chicago Radio & Media: '2010 Bud Billiken Parade
  30. ^ Chicago Radio & Media: '2011 Bud Billiken Parade
  31. ^ Chicago Radio & Media: '2012 Bud Billiken Parade
  32. ^ SponsorChicago: Bud Billiken Parade
  33. ^ ACB7 Chicago: Bud Billiken Parade
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^ [1]
  39. ^ [2]

External links

  • Official introductory video
  • Official site
  • Encyclopedia of Chicago entry
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.