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Bushrod Washington

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Bushrod Washington

Bushrod Washington
Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
In office
December 20, 1798 – November 26, 1829
Nominated by John Adams
Preceded by James Wilson
Succeeded by Henry Baldwin
Personal details
Born (1762-06-05)June 5, 1762
Westmoreland County, Virginia
Died November 26, 1829(1829-11-26) (aged 67)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Alma mater College of William and Mary
Religion Episcopalian

Bushrod Washington (June 5, 1762 – November 26, 1829) was a George Washington.

Washington was born in [1]

Washington received a recess appointment to the seat vacated by James Wilson on September 29, 1798,[2] after another Federalist, John Marshall, turned John Adams down and endorsed Washington. Formally nominated on December 18, 1798, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 20, 1798, and received his commission the same day. He became an associate justice on February 4, 1799, at the age of 36. After Marshall became Chief Justice two years later, he voted with Marshall on all but three occasions (one being Ogden v. Saunders).

While serving on the Marshall Court, he authored the opinion of Corfield v. Coryell, 6 Fed. Cas. 546 (C.C.E.D. Penn. 1823), while riding circuit as an Associate Justice.[3] In Corfield, Washington listed several rights traditionally viewed to be "fundamental." This list of fundamental rights has profoundly influenced later Constitutional jurisprudence, particularly with respect to the Privileges and Immunities Clause.

In 1816, he helped create the American Colonization Society and held the position as its first president for the remainder of his life. Washington was an owner (and seller) of slaves.[4]

Washington died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,[2] and was buried at Mount Vernon, along with his wife, who died two days later.[5]


  1. ^ Lossing, Benson J. (1871). The Home of Washington; Or, Mount Vernon and Its Associations, Historical, Biographical, and Pictorial (Hartford, Conn.: A.S. Hale & Company), p. 350.
  2. ^ a b Bushrod Washington at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  3. ^ Thayer, James Bradley (1894). Cases on constitutional law: With notes, Part 2. C.W. Sever. pp. 453–56. 
  4. ^ Dunne, Gerald. Bushrod Washington and The Mount Vernon Slaves, Supreme Court Historical Society 1980 Yearbook. Retrieved 2007-02-14.
  5. ^ , YearbookHere Lies the Supreme Court: Gravesites of the JusticesChristensen, George A. (1983) . Supreme Court Historical Society. Bushrod Washington memorial at Find a Grave.

Further reading

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
James Wilson
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
December 20, 1798 – November 26, 1829
Succeeded by
Henry Baldwin
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