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Cévennes

Cévennes
Occitan: Cevenas
The Gorges du Tarn
Highest point
Peak Mont Lozère
Elevation 1,702 m (5,584 ft)
Coordinates
Geography
Location in the Massif Central
Country France
Départements Gard, Lozère, Ardèche and Haute-Loire
Parent range Massif Central

The Cévennes (Occitan: Cevenas) are a range of mountains in south-central France, covering parts of the départements of Ardèche, Gard, Hérault and Lozère.

The word Cévennes comes from the Gaulish Cebenna, which was Latinized by Julius Caesar to Cevenna. The Cévennes are named Cemmenon (Κέμμενων) in Strabo's Geographica.

In French, the adjective derived from "Cévennes" is Cévenol (fem. Cévenole), as in d'Indy's Symphonie Cévenole, a composer of Ardèche origin (known in English as his "Symphony on a French Mountain Air"). The mountain range also gives its name to a meteorological effect when cold air from the Atlantic coast meets warm air of southern winds from the Mediterranean and causes heavy autumnal downpours, often leading to floods. These are called épisodes cévenols.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Population and history 2
  • Transport 3
    • By car 3.1
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Geography

Cévennes view

The Cévennes are a part of the Tarn River gorge).

Population and history

In the 21st century, the region still has a large community of French Protestants. They identify as Huguenots, descendants of peoples who have inhabited the mountains since before the 16th century. During the reign of Louis XIV, much of the Huguenot population fled France, particularly following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685. The Protestant community in the Cévennes largely remained in place, protected from attack by the hilly terrain. This area became a refuge from for other Huguenots during the time.

In 1702, this Huguenot population, dubbed the Camisards, rose up against the monarchy to protect their religious freedom.[1] The two sides agreed to peace in 1715, which enabled the local Protestant Huguenot population to continue living in the Cévennes; their descendants have continued to live there to the present day.

In World War II, many Huguenots in the village of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon helped save many Jews. They hid them in place or helped them get out of Vichy France.

In 2005, the French boutique car maker PGO introduced a model named for the region.[2][3]

Transport

3-hour TGV from Paris, 1h30 flight from London and 2h30 drive from Barcelona.

By car

See also

References

  1. ^ The first Camisards and freedom of conscience
  2. ^ [3]
  3. ^ [4]

External links

  • Regordane Info – The independent portal for The Regordane Way or St Gilles Trail (in English and French)
  • Cevennes mediterranenan tourism
  • Cevennes tourism
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