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California postmile

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California postmile

A typical postmile marker on State Route 1 in Monterey County

California uses a postmile highway location marker system on all of its state highways, including U.S. Routes and Interstate Highways. The postmile markers indicate the distance a route travels through individual counties, as opposed to milestones that indicate the distance traveled through a state. The postmile system is the only route reference system used by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans).

California was the last state in the country to adopt mile markers, and exit numbers were not implemented until 2002.[1] The state started the Cal-NExUS program in 2002, which would create a uniform exit numbering system for freeways.[2] Included was a pilot program for the placing of mile markers along rural freeways. Currently, three freeway segments are a part of the experimental program: the Route 14 Freeway, the Route 58 Freeway in Kern County, and State Route 180 in Fresno. Caltrans has not decided if the mile marker program will be expanded to all rural freeways.[3] Regardless, Caltrans will still use and maintain the postmile system on all freeways.[3]

Format

A postmile marker is placed along the state highway. Each marker is stenciled with the route, county, and postmile at that location.[4]

Current formats

Bridge

One of the common formats for postmiles are located on a freeway on bridges over cross streets. According to Caltrans, it displays the name of the bridge, the county and route number, and the postmile.[5] The postmile is often painted onto the piers and/or abutments of bridges and overpasses.

Postmile markers

These are the white metal paddle markers placed at one-mile (1.6 km) intervals, with additional markers placed at significant features along the highway such as bridges and overpasses, junctions, or culverts. The markers are roughly the same size as a standard milepost used elsewhere, but they are white with black text.

Callbox

Postmiles are also shown on callboxes. A blue placard is mounted on each of the state's callboxes, the top of which shows which county the callbox is in, and on the bottom, it shows the 2-letter county abbreviation, along with the route number and the location's postmile (in tenths of miles).[5] Postmiles on callboxes are approximate, because of a convention that all callboxes on one side of the road are assigned even numbers, while all those on the other side are assigned odd numbers.

County prefixes

Alphabetic prefixes on postmile markers and bridges differ from callbox prefixes because the callbox system is maintained by each county, while Caltrans maintains postmile markers and bridge signs.[6] The following table lists postmile and callbox prefixes by county.

Postmile SC 12.6 labeled on a callbox for I-280 in Santa Clara County
County Bridge Callbox[7] County Bridge Callbox[7]
Alameda ALA AL Orange ORA OR
Alpine ALP AP Placer PLA PL
Amador AMA AM Plumas PLU PM
Butte BUT BU Riverside RIV RV
Calaveras CAL CV Sacramento SAC SA
Colusa COL CO San Benito SBT ST
Contra Costa CC CC San Bernardino SBD SB
Del Norte DN DN San Diego SD SD
El Dorado ED EL San Francisco SF SF
Fresno FRE FR San Joaquin SJ SJ
Glenn GLE GL San Luis Obispo SLO SL
Humboldt HUM HU San Mateo SM SM
Imperial IMP IM Santa Barbara SB SR
Inyo INY IN Santa Clara SCL SC
Kern KER KR Santa Cruz SCR SZ
Kings KIN KN Shasta SHA SH
Lake LAK LK Sierra SIE SI
Lassen LAS LS Siskiyou SIS SK
Los Angeles LA LA Solano SOL SO
Madera MAD MD Sonoma SON SN
Marin MRN MR Stanislaus STA SS
Mariposa MPA MP Sutter SUT SU
Mendocino MEN MC Tehama TEH TE
Merced MER ME Trinity TRI TR
Modoc MOD MO Tulare TUL TU
Mono MNO MN Tuolumne TUO TM
Monterey MON MY Ventura VEN VE
Napa NAP NP Yolo YOL YO
Nevada NEV NV Yuba YUB YB

Official postmile definitions

Listed in miles, postmile values usually increase from south to north or west to east depending upon the general direction the route follows within the state. The postmile values increase from the beginning of a route within a county to the next county line. The postmile values start over again at each county line.

Enforcement officers, maintenance forces and others use the postmile markers in the field to locate specific incidents or features with reference to the postmile system.

On some stretches of road, the following prefixes may precede the mileage on a postmile marker:[4][5]

Prefix Description
R Realignment
M Realignment of a prior realignment
N Realignment of M mileage
C Commercial lanes paralleling main highway
D Duplication (due to meandering county line)
G Reposting duplicate PM at end of route
H Realignment of duplication
T Temporary connection
S Spur
L Overlap due to correction or change

States with similar reference markers

The states of Nevada and Ohio use reference markers very similar to California's postmile markers. Like California, these two states record mileages through individual counties in their respective route logs. Ohio's system is nearly identical to California's with its reference markers listing the route number, 3-letter county abbreviation, and mileage through the county. The Nevada system is also similar, utilizing 2-letter county abbreviations. However, Ohio uses standard mileposts in addition to reference markers on freeways, while Nevada uses mileposts in conjunction with postmile panels on major Interstate highways only. Also, all non-Interstates in Illinois have markers showing mileage from the western or southern border of the county.

See also

References

  1. ^ California Highways
  2. ^ Cal-NexUS. Caltrans. Accessed: 10-24-2009.
  3. ^ a b Cal-NexUS FAQ. Caltrans. Accessed: 10-24-2009.
  4. ^ a b Caltrans District 5 Website "What is a Postmile?"
  5. ^ a b c California Highways - Numbering Conventions: Post Miles
  6. ^ January 1, 2006 California Log of Bridges on State Highways
  7. ^ a b "CalSAFE Callbox Guidelines" (PDF).  
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